ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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India’s Hunger Pangs

The NDA government’s record in controlling hunger is dismal despite rising stocks of cereal.

The Injustice of Child Mortality

A Shot of Justice: Priority-Setting for Addressing Child Mortality b y Ali Mehdi, New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2019; pp xxiv + 247, ₹995

On Incidence of Diarrhoea among Children in India

Drinking water, sanitation and hygiene behaviour, referred to as the WASH variables by the United Nations Children's Emergency Fund, are acknowledged as the three main determinants of diarrhoeal diseases. But the impact of their complementarities on disease incidence remains understudied. This study uses state and household level data to examine the determinants of child diarrhoeal incidence. It introduces indicators of WASH quality and combined presence, both at the household and state levels. It combines them in a novel analysis to understand their roles. In the Indian states, with the worst WASH infrastructure, these variables are strategic substitutes, but as WASH infrastructure improves, they become strategic complements. Thus, resource allocation to lower diarrhoea incidence must take into account the complementary rather than individual presence of these focal variables. Further, the quality of WASH also matters. The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, targeting universal sanitation coverage, is unlikely to be effective unless it breaks the Gordian knot of complementarities and WASH quality holding up the burden of childhood diarrhoea.

Demographic and Health Trends in India (2005-06--2015-16)

A brief exposition of the trends in health, fertility, status of women, nutrition and child mortality between 2005-06 and 2015-16 as have emerged from the National Family Health Survey in 17 states.

Child Mortality in Maharashtra

This article, based on a study by an alliance of NGOs called Child Deaths Study and Action Group (CDSAG), examines official statistics on child mortality rates in Maharashtra, juxtaposing them against the study's own findings, which also measured the extent and causes of under-reporting of child deaths in the state. It discusses the discrepancies discovered between official figures and the study report, especially in the neonatal mortality rates. It also looks at the causes of child deaths reported by the study through its 'social audit', which seeks to trigger social and political forces to embark on corrective administrative action to improve reporting and reduce child mortality in Maharashtra.

Gender Bias in Child Mortality

Gender Bias in Child Mortality SHARADA SRINIVASAN This note points to some disturbing aspects about child mortality in Tamil Nadu that are overlooked in Amartya Sen
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