ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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The Tightening Ideational Regimentation of China’s Higher Education System

The operation of the contrary forces of diffusion and control in China’s higher education system is critically examined, highlighting the distinctiveness of China’s internationalisation of higher education. The history of internationalisation of higher education in China, including crucial phases from the Deng era, beginning in 1978 to the Xi Jinping regime is described. The ideational regimentation is discussed in detail and its implications brought forth, and important questions that emerge from the dualism in China’s higher education system are considered.

Censorship through the Ages

The Writer, the Reader and the State: Literary Censorship in India by Mini Chandran, New Delhi, California, London and Singapore: Sage Publications, 2017; pp xxxv + 191, ` 695.

Information Technology Act

The Information Technology Act raises very real concerns. It demonstrates a legislature deeply sceptical of the internet, rooted in the conventions of the past, yet battling with the need for an information technology law in the present-day circumstances. This straddling of the known and the unknown has strange results. In its desperate need to bring in some security for activity on the net, it relies heavily on the executive, little realising that it can result in violation of civil rights particularly, in the light of India's infamous emergency. The absolute control it attempts to achieve over certifying authorities is worrying for the same reason. The act lacks balance.

From Coercion to Power Relations

India's film censorship machinery and its agenda has been criticised for being caught in a colonial past. But in reality, the censorship regime in India presents a problematic engagement between the colonial past and the post-colonial present that supersedes any 'Victorian' legacy. The need is to examine how far the 'present' departs from the 'past' and to what extent the 'past' still resides in the 'present'. While modes of content control characteristic of colonial times still exist, these too are constantly being manipulated in response to emerging modes of address - seeming to create a facade of change.

Lord Ganesha Yet Again!

A play was staged in this year's Ganesh festival in Delhi. The speaker of the Lok Sabha seemed to have liked it. Soon after the play was done in Mumbai. The current culture expert in the capital city of the Marathas, Uddhav Thackeray, did not like it. He wondered how such a play could have been performed in the festival. The episode is yet another example of a phenomenon of Maharashtra's cultural life - that of extragovernmental censorship, much more damaging than governmental censorship.

Politics of Film Censorship

The recent drama around the resignation of the chairman of the Central Board of Film Certification has served to focus attention on some basic issues of film censorship/certification in India and the limits of tolerance and sensitivity associated with the current censorship regime. But it has also overshadowed the issue of politically motivated film censorship, cases of which are becoming all too frequent.
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