ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Millowners to the Rescue?

The success of the agitation against the agreement between the Rashtriya Mill Mazdoor Sangh and the Millowners' Association on the introduction of a seven-day week in textile mills in Bombay has exceeded the expectations of its organisers. Certainly, it has dealt another blow to the political fortunes of the Bombay Pradesh Congress Committee president, Rajni Patel, who is also president of the RMMS. After the Congress debacle in the Bombay Municipal Corporation elections in March, the BPCC president and his group have been frantically looking for opportunities to demonstrate their political influence in the city. The agreement over the seven-day week was seized upon with the same end in view.

Non-Brahmans and Communists in Bombay

This paper studies the radical working class movement which emerged in Bombay in the late 1920s and which brought together, in curious fashion, an emerging communist leadership with the leaders of the largely peasant-based non-Brahman movement. The ambiguities and outcome of these contacts and conflicts were decisive not only for the development of social radicalism but also for the direction of the nationalist movement in Maharashtra.

Textile Bonus War

The sudden sparking off of what has been described as the Bonus War in the Bombay cotton textile industry took by surprise not only the management but also th e INTUC-affiliated Rashtriya Mill Mazdoor Sangh which is the representative union of textile workers in Bombay under the law.

Textile Wage Accord

The significance of the recent agreement between the Millowners' Association, Bombay, and the representative trade union of the cotton textile workers in the City lies not so much in the additional benefits accruing to the workers under it as in the fact that through it, the authority of the Central Wage Board and the Government decision accepting the Boards recommendations, are vindicated.

Bonus Ordinance

Each successive step taken to simplify the bonus formula and to facilitate the solution of bonus disputes seems to have made it more complicated and difficult. The experience with the Payment of Bonus Act has been no different. The proportion of work stoppages resulting from bonus disputes to total work stoppages appears to have gone up in the years immediately following the passing of the Act. The Ordinance recently promulgated to amend the Act is unlikely to smoothen matters very much since it leaves untouched the main points of difference between employers and trade unions on the bonus issue.

Sick Cotton Textile Mills—Is Government Take-Over a Solution?

Of the 564 cotton textile mills in India today, 40 are closed and 13 of these are fit to be scrapped; 200 other mills are on the brink of financial disaster. Why is the cotton textile industry, which is one of the oldest established industries in the country, in such straits? Is it inefficient and dishonest management or cost and financial factors outside the control of managements that are responsible for the condition of the mills? A correspondent, a close student of the textile industry, here attempts to answer these questions.

New Data on Cotton Mill Workers of Bombay

For many years the Bombay City cotton textile industry has been a favourite meadow for academic browsing. The importance of the industry is one factor accounting for this interest. Another is the fact that Bombay University is a degree-granting institution with a great need for topics for MA and PhD dissertations. Not least in the array of features accounting for academic preoccupation wit h the industry is the fact that probably no other Indian industry has been as well-served for so long with documentation and statistical material. For this last characteristic we are primarily indebted to the Millowners' Association, Bombay whose annual reports, memoranda to official bodies and miscellaneous publications have been a major source of information.

The Textile Strike in Bombay

What's in a name? Everything, say the millowners, in effect. Bonus cannot be called by any other name. It is not wages which workers can legitimately demand as a matter of right, being an ex-gratia payment made out of profits. Stripped of legal frills, this is the principle for which millowners are fighting.

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