ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Agriculture ReformsSubscribe to Agriculture Reforms

Reforming Indian Agriculture

Reforms in four areas should be the priority if the current government’s agenda of doubling farmer incomes is to be accomplished in the coming years. First, the focus of agricultural policies must shift from production per se to farmers’ livelihoods. Second, policies to improve the allocation and efficiency of land and water are essential if these critical resources are to be conserved. Third, reforms are needed to help farmers cope with the growing risks of weather and price volatility. Fourth, agricultural markets must be opened to greater competition and provided with better infrastructure if farmers are to realise better returns for produce, without trading off the low-income consumers’ nutritional security.

Revisiting Agrarian Issues

Land Reform and Peasant Livelihoods: The Social Dynamics of Rural Poverty and Agrarian Reform in Developing Countries edited by Krishna B Ghimire; ITDG Publishing, London, 2001; pp xvii+253, price not mentioned. Green Revolution Reconsidered: The Rural World of Contemporary Punjab by Himmat Singh; Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2001; pp xii+302, Rs 595.

Agricultural Growth, Employment and Poverty

Interdependencies in the food and labour markets are important for the development process. A strategy combining promotion of agricultural growth, productive non-farm employment and high levels of social development would be needed for labour-intensive growth in rural areas. There should also be substantial investment in human resource development for enhancing people's inherent earning capacity. The aim thus would be the generation of self-reliant employment.
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