ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Affirmative ActionSubscribe to Affirmative Action

Consequences of Affirmative Action in US Higher Education

This paper seeks to contribute to greater mutual understanding of positive discrimination in India and the US by describing and reviewing some important empirical work that has recently been carried out to evaluate the effects of affirmative action in the US higher education. Until recently the debate on the wisdom of positive discrimination policies has been largely theoretical, appealing to ethical considerations and political-philosophical values. Now, however, systematic empirical evidence on the long-term consequences of affirmative action policies in admissions to US colleges and universities has at last been made available and can be brought to bear on the discussion.

Gender Bias in South Asia

Human Development in South Asia 2000: The Gender Question by Mahbub ul Haq; Human Development Centre, Oxford University Press; pp 219.

Protective Discrimination: Why Scheduled Tribes Lag Behind Scheduled Castes

The pattern of historical development has been different for the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes with the latter never having been an integral part of mainstream society. How effective has been the policy of protective discrimination in removing the disabilities suffered by the scheduled tribes? This paper attempts a comparison between the relative benefits to the scheduled tribes and scheduled castes as a result of the policy of protective discrimination. Following upon this, the author examines why one category has fared better than the other.

Caste Reservations and Equality of Opportunity in Education

Caste reservations have been available in educational institutions for the last four decades in India. What has been the impact of this policy on the target groups? An attempt is made here to assess the costs and benefits of the policy through examining enrolment ratios by caste categories and the number and amount of expenditure on post-matric scholarships. The author also examines the employment status of educated scheduled caste and tribe candidates.

Reservations Experience as Framework of Debate

Reservations: Experience as Framework of Debate Kancha Ilaiah In the ongoing debate on reservations, the long-term impact of these provisions in education at the individual and social level has not received enough attention. A personal account of what it really means to have access to education, only because of reservation, to the individual, the community and to the village society I AM one of those who became a lecturer in Political Science under the BC reserved quota in Osmania University. Given the unwritten laws of patronage and access that determine who gets jobs in our institutions my first class MA. subsequent M Phil and several publications in all-India journals would not have brought me a job but for the reservation. In my university out of 1,200 teachers about 160 became teachers only because of reservations to QBCs, SCs and STs.

Towards Equality Consequences of Protective Discrimination

Discrimination Karuna Ahmad We have completed 30 years of experimentation with the policy of protective discrimination in favour of Scheduled Castes and Tribes and it is time to review its gains and drawbacks.

Educational Opportunities for the Scheduled Castes - Role of Protective Discrimination in Equalisation

Marked progress has been made by the scheduled castes in education, as is manifest from the rise in their literacy rates, enrolment co-efficients and the proportion of their numbers in Class 1 and 11 categories of jobs in Central and state services.

How Close to Equality Are Scheduled Castes

After two decades of special concessions to bring them on par with the general population., Scheduled Castes remain at the rear end of development. While the caste system prolongs their handicaps, such pro- tective legislation against it as there has been touches only the untouchability aspect

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