ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Special NumberSubscribe to Special Number

World Tobacco Dynamics of Oligopolistic Annexationism

This paper examines the origins, role and reunification of conglomerate oligopolistic power in world tobacco economy. The power of the tobacco transnational conglomerates (TTCs) is such that many developed and underdeveloped countries have been totally marginalised in the output and marketing decision processes. Underdeveloped capitalist countries supply 55 per cent of world leaf tobacco; but their processed exports are almost non-existent, they have no influence whatsoever in the design, output and innovation of tobacco machinery, and their aggregate receipts from tobacco are based almost exclusively on the demand, response and marketing decisions dictated by the TTCs.

Poverty and Development-Characteristics of Less-Developed Regions in India

For a large country like India with enormous regional disparities in development and differences in the institutional framework deriving, in quite a few cases, from cultural diversities, any single strategy for the whole country may not prove to be appropriate.

The Economy and Political Stability

THERE is a view gaining ground that the Indian economy is basically sound and that if its growth potential is not being fully realised the reason is to be found in the prevailing political situation. The relatively large foreign exchange reserves and stocks of food- grains are adduced as evidence of the strength of the economy. It is argued how in the past shortages of foreign exchange and food had repeatedly emerged as the major constraints on the economy, coming in the way of higher investment and more rapid growth. The economy, it would thus appear, is at last rid of these long- term constraints on growth. It is also pointed out that the overall rate of saving has been quite satisfactory in the last few years. If, nevertheless, the level of planned investment has been nothing much to write home about, if growth of industrial production has been relatively tardy and if now inflation has been added to the list of problems facing the economy, the responsibility is sought to be pinned on the indecision and wrong decisions of the political leadership and its inability to impose a minimum level of 'discipline

Agricultural Planning and Policy in Draft Sixth Plan-Will Farmers Fulfil Planners Expectations

This paper examines the methodological procedure followed by the Planning Commission for prescribing the target levels of agricultural output in the Draft Sixth plan. It is argued that the procedure followed is inadequate for a number of reasons, and that for a satisfactory matching of plans and policies an understanding of farm supply responses is essential.

Agricultural Resources in Underdeveloped Countries Competition between Man and Animal

Almost simultaneously with the Green Revolution, that widely publicised strategy designed by the United States to 'wipe out hunger' in the poor countries by modernising crop production, great quantities of capital and technology, mainly from the United States, were transferred to the ranching sectors of underdeveloped countries, particularly those located in tropical and sub-tropical areas, for the expansion of beef cattle production.

NEW DELHI-Political System Losing Credibility

from macro balance in the form of the national accounts matrix where each row and column in the matrix refers to income and expenditure transactions of the sector in question. The Draft Plan statements on macro-economic estimates serves a useful though limited purpose However, an examination of the Annexures reveals some fundamental flaws. Thus, for example, according to the Annexures, for the private sector, gdp at factor cost is equivalent to gdp at market prices. According to "System of National Accounts", indirect taxes are defined as ''taxes assessed on producers in respect of the production, sale, purdhase or use of goods and services, which they charge to the expenses of production. Also, included are import duties and the operating surplus, reduced by the normal margin of profits of business units of fiscal and similar monopolies of government" (p 234). Similarly, subsidies are defined as "all grants on current account made by government to private industries and public corporations and grants made by the public authorities to government enterprises in compensation for losses when these losses are clearly the consequence of the policy of the government to maintain prices at a level below costs of production" (p 237). It is therefore untenable that all indirect taxes and subsidies are collected from/ granted to public sector. Also private final consumption expenditure and investment (public and private) are measured at market prices, i e, inclusive of net indirect taxes. Estimates of gdp both for public and private sectors essentially has therefore to include the corresponding components of indirect taxes paid and subsidies received. An examination of NAS (January 1978) suggests that it is possible to obtain the corresponding estimates for public and private sectors separately.

CAPITAL VIEW

The concept of health planning has become grossly distorted over successive five year plans; the Draft Five Year Plan, 1978-83, is no exception.

CAPITAL VIEW

The concept of health planning has become grossly distorted over successive five year plans; the Draft Five Year Plan, 1978-83, is no exception.

CAPITAL VIEW

The concept of health planning has become grossly distorted over successive five year plans; the Draft Five Year Plan, 1978-83, is no exception.

CAPITAL VIEW

The concept of health planning has become grossly distorted over successive five year plans; the Draft Five Year Plan, 1978-83, is no exception.

CAPITAL VIEW

The concept of health planning has become grossly distorted over successive five year plans; the Draft Five Year Plan, 1978-83, is no exception.

CAPITAL VIEW

The concept of health planning has become grossly distorted over successive five year plans; the Draft Five Year Plan, 1978-83, is no exception.

Pages

Back to Top