ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Tribal Resistance in the Chhechhari Valley-A Field Report

A Field Report Nita Mishra For the last 40 years, the army has used vast areas in the Chhechhari Valley (also known as Netrahat) for various military exercises. The recent proposal of the 23 Artillery Brigade to acquire for a period of 10 years large tracts of land for afield firing and artillery practice range has prompted organised resistance of the tribals in the region against the inevitable displacement While their movement rests on a strong case, the discriminatory policy of the government may yet overcome people's resistance.

Public Policy Responses to Development-Induced Population Displacements

Population Displacements Michael M Cernea The forced displacement of populations caused by many infrastructural development programmes epitomises one category of disruptive changes that may occur as by-products of economic growth. Now should adverse consequences of development programmes be treated? What are the actual response patterns that can be distinguished, encouraged or rejected? This article addresses the roles and actual responses of mainly, though not exclusively two of the key social actors that participate in this process, namely, social scientists and governments. Population displacement calls for structured public policy responses as well as for continuous attention from social scientists.

Mental Health Consequences

of Displacement and Resettlement Byron J Good A broadly defined mental health perspective, one that incorporates an understanding of social and behavioural problems along with mental illnesses, as well as quite specific models of prevention, and of mental health services can have important implications for the development of resettlement and relocation policies.

Vasava Identity in Transition-Some Theoretical Issues

Some Theoretical Issues Roxanne Hakim Resettlement to the Vasavas, a community of largely subsistence farmers in Gujarat, involves a physical move from the hills to the plains which restructures the way the community views itself as well as the way it is viewed by others. Resettlement demands the restructuring of production and consumption patterns, which the 'dungri' (hill people) Vasavas view as the essence of their distinction from the 'deshis' (plains people). Thus while they do not perceive a threat to their identity, as they see it, from the adoption of deshi dress or religion, they are concerned about the restructuring of production and consumption patterns which resettlement will involve.

Development Projects, Displacement and Outcomes for Displaced-Two Case Studies

Outcomes for Displaced Two Case Studies S Parasuraman Since displacement means redefinition of people is entitlement and access to socio-cultural, economic and environmental resources, a clear assessment of what happens to families belonging to various sections of the population and to individuals within families is important. This paper assesses the nature of change displacement induces among the affected families, presenting two case studies as illustrations.

In voluntary Resettlement-Survey of International Experience

Survey of International Experience Roli Asthana Involuntary resettlement consists of two closely related yet distinct processes: displacing people and rebuilding their livelihoods. This paper beginning with a brief discission of the Scudder-Colson relocation theory which has greatly influenced resettlement theory and policies in many countries goes on to review international experience, using a risk model which shows how impoverishment can occur as a result of displacement.

Revolution at the Margin

Revolution at the Margin Mahajan WHEN the chairman of the State Bank first mooted the idea of setting up a National Credit Council in his statement to shareholders last year, he could not have visualised the shape that the institution was going to take, Dehejia had made the suggestion in the context of the observation that distribution of credit had not followed plan policies and requirements. The proposed Council was to correct this maldistribution. And as he saw it, the Reserve Bank had no place on the Council.

Policy Reversals

Oilseeds Turn Bearish A DISTINCTLY bearish trend was noticed in the oilseeds market last week, with sellers predominating both in futures and in spot. Although in the forward section there was stray professional support, the resultant firmness could not be sustained as bulges invariably attracted profit-booking. In the event, all the items traded in the market closed the week with a net loss.

To What End

 ted, the wholesalers have reason to feel gratified. However, the consumer resistance at the retail level noticeable for quite some time now, is expected to become even pronounced with the latest price revision.

A Call-Rate Slump

Not Much Store by Policy ALTHOUGH, in the face of a drastic bout of cotton requisitioning, on a near national scale, the cotton market witnessed a near-collapse on the price front, there was still a wide gap between the ruling rates and the official ceiling rates. In the course of his statement in the Lok Sabha last week, the Union Commerce Minister was at great pains to present the cotton situation in its proper perspective. He categorically declared that the Government was determined to intensify its requisitioning drive and to speed up cotton imports with a view to bridging the gap between supply and demand.

The Squeeze May Work

The seasonal credit expansion, which at the Rs 320-crore mark on February 24 was considered by the Reserve Bank to be somewhat more than warranted by the availability of goods touched the Rs 420-crore mark on April 24 without any tangible corresponding improvement in the supply of goods. By March 31—the close of the fiscal year which brings about a rush for tax payments—credit expansion will have crossed the Rs 420-crore mark. And, according to available data, banks, and mainly the State Bank, increased their borrowings from the Reserve Bank by Rs 23 crores to Rs 140 crores during the week ended March 31.

What Makes It a Squeeze

April 1, 1967 proposed a final dividend of 14 per cent for the year. This, together with the interim dividend of 11.33 per cent declared last October, makes a total of 25.33 per cent for the year. The directors had stated at the time of the public issue that the Company would be able to pay a total dividend of 22.5 per cent for 1965-66. Thus, the actual dividend for the year is higher than the forecast made in March, 1966. The Company paid a total dividend of 74 per cent on a smaller capital of Rs 75 lakhs for the previous year. The final dividend of 14 per cent in respect of shares offered to the public in March 1966 works out at Rs 1.05 per fully paid-up share and 63 paise per partly paid-up (Rs 6 paid-up at the close of the year and Rs 8 paid- up now) share. The total dividend for the year on partly paid-up shares works out at Rs 1.14 per share. The Company's gross sales have increased by 17 per cent and crossed the Rs 12-crore mark from the previous year's level of Rs 10.31 crores. Its net profit after taxes and development rebate reserve has improved by 16 per cent to Rs 1.16 crores. The ratio of net profit to gross sales works out at 9.6 per cent for the year, The majority sales have come from the pharmaceutical side, though all product groups are reported to have contributed towards the higher turnover. On a comparative basis, animal health and agricultural products have recorded a maximum growth rate of 65 per cent. Work on the Company's new projects at the Trans-Thana Creek industrial area is progressing according to schedule. Work on the new expanded facilities for the manufacture of Trotinex' a well balanced protein-vitamin combination, is now complete and production and packaging have commenced.

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