ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Review of Science Policy

Review of Science Policy
In recent times, proponents of alternative sciences have been celebrated as well as chastised. This paper critically analyses the modern versus alternative science debate. Postcolonial critiques of...
Global disparities over access to information and communication technologies formed the basis of the call for a UN-sponsored World Summit on the Information Society that took place in two phases in...
Postcolonial techno-science as a field of enquiry that crosses geopolitical boundaries as it tracks flows, circuits of scientists, knowledges, machines, and techniques is a critical way of thinking...
Pakistan's Abdus Salam was the first professor of theoretical physics at Imperial College, London, and the director of the International Centre for Theoretical Physics at Trieste for almost 30 years...
The growth of the Indian IT sector is widely seen in the US as the result of the "export" of "American" jobs. Ignoring the context of changes within India, American media represent the Indian IT boom...
As vans with tinted windows creep at night into middle class, urban neighbourhoods in India, spiriting away young men and women to work until dawn at multinational call centres, identities are...
It is argued here that the mathematical approach to the exact sciences has historically appeared to contain two largely distinct cultures (which nevertheless overlap to some extent). One of these...
The objective of this paper is to identify two important hurdles in the path of establishing links between art and mathematics. These problems arise from the difficult relationship art and...
Unlike physical objects, which can be accounted for as the necessary consequences of the operation of natural laws, living matter is the product of an essentially ad hoc process known as evolution...
What does it mean to apply mathematics? Why is mathematics considered as essential to natural sciences? Why do scientists consider the applicability of mathematics as something mysterious? The...
The rapid rise in the use of mathematics in economics has often been attributed to a search for objective rigour. But if we look beyond individual models to the overall practice of mathematical...
This article presents a non-linear modelling framework to capture the intricate dynamics of social systems. Within this framework it is possible to capture both gradual and abrupt transitions in...
This collection of seven papers is an indication of the kinds of issues involved in understanding mathematics in a broader perspective. What we hope to achieve is to generate insights into...
This article discusses the nature of the difficulty in learning and teaching elementary mathematics from the viewpoint of the psychology of learning, focusing on some key topics such as number...
Proprietary claims have played an indelible role in drafting legislation relating to plant variety protection and have since assumed significance in various national and international forums. The...
In many countries 'representative' democracy that relies on the accountability of elected politicians has been heavily criticised for its frequent inability to protect the interests of a large...
China is developing the largest plant biotechnology capacity outside North America and an impressive list of genetically modified (GM) crops under trial. However, underlying these achievements is a...
Governing safe use of biotechnology in agriculture is a controversial new regulatory challenge facing developing countries such as India. This article identifies short- and longterm challenges to...
Biotechnology is being integrated into the existing science and technology policy process in Kenya. This process is embedded in the country's history of agricultural development, characterised by...
Biotechnology was created within a politics of anxiety and desire in India. The paper attempts to understand the social construction of biotechnology. It locates biotechnology within the wider...
Interpreted as a dialectical process the biotech controversy is seen to be developing incrementally in directions that none of its participants can necessarily be said to have intended. The 'final'...
Policy makes great claims about the future possibilities of the biotech industry in Karnataka. This paper tries to dissect the hype from reality to understand whether biotech can really be a key...
Using the case study of Rhizobium inocula project in Kenya, this paper argues that the main challenge to enhancing smallholder access to biotechnology lies in addressing the sources of institutional...
It is difficult to give a measure of Patrick Blackett's wide-ranging influence in India. He had no official status in defence matters except as an advisor to Nehru. Since his consultations were not...
The choice of technology in managing water resources is not a dispassionate, cool-headed scientific process: it is an arena of conflict and contestation. Reorienting water resources research in the...
Most writings on globalisation exemplify technological globalisation by referring to the importance of computer technology in international trade. In this paper, the focus is on the technology of...
This essay seeks to carry out an apparently simple task: to recover some of the ways in which 'science' was used as a category by nationalists in late colonial India in connection with the need for '...
Gandhi, it is argued in this paper, was not anti-science as is commonly misunderstood. Through a look at his various experiments, many unrealised in his time, it is shown that Gandhi's life defined a...
STS studies in India have found their impetus and site in social movements rather than in the academe and science policy centres. Our official scientists were eloquent about our nuclear power and our...
The suicide deaths of farmers is a failure of agricultural science and the historical nature of the crisis needs to be appreciated. This paper seeks to retrace the route by which the present...
The intellectual activity finally culminating in the grand theoretical syntheses of the celestial sciences towards the end of the 18th century followed a century's toil undertaken by Jesuit...
Bangalore has in the recent decades seen an explosive growth of not only the software industry but of a diversified high technology research and industrial base. More recently, infrastructural...
This paper considers how Indian mathematicians have traditionally cognised numbers and their operations, and what bearing it has on problems faced by modern number theories. The discussion is not...
More than the novel or the pamphlet, it is the bureaucratic document, as expert's report or as a commission of enquiry, that has captured many of the great dramas of the 20th century. It is these...
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