ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Innovation in Indian Firms-Myths and Reality

Myths and Reality Arun P Sinha Based on field investigation in 40 firms, this paper outlines the nature of innovative activity in Indian manufacturing industry. It focuses on the following questions: (i) what kinds of innovation are done, and (ii) what stimulates these efforts. Data reveal markedly counter-intuitive patterns, which explode a number of popular myths about innovation in India.

THAILAND-The Prostitution Principle

The Prostitution Principle Tandika Obraku IT has become increasingly plain in the past twelve months that Thailand is the test case for a US strategy in SE Asia. The main elements of that approach, which is of course echoed in other parts of the underdeveloped world, are as follows.

Changing Concept of Industry under Industrial Disputes Act

Industrial Disputes Act K K Chaudhuri The question 'what is an 'industry?' has continuously baffled the courts ever since the enactment of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947. Though the Act provides a definition of 'industry' in Section 2(j), the definition is not very precise and has defied consistent interpretation. As a result, judicial effort has been directed at evolving tests by reference to characteristics regarded as essential for regarding an activity as an 'industry'' The cases decided by the courts, however, show that these tests have not been uniform. The courts have been guided by an empirical rather than a strictly analytical approach : sometimes the tests have been liberally conceived, at other times narrowly.

Public Sector Colossus with Feet of Clay

Hiten Bhaya In this review of the management and functioning of the public sector, Central and State, the author fathoms some of the reasons for the deviation of the public sector's role from the original objective set for it He traces the weakness, rigidities, and malpractices that exist to the heritage, ultimately, of a colonial past. He also suggests, through his analysis, some remedial steps that could make public sector managements more professional as well as consistent with the sectors original aims.

Corporate Investment in 1983-A Forecast

A Forecast Philip Thomas Ranjana Pendharkar This paper attempts to make a forecast of the growth in private corporate investment in 1983. Corporate investment is taken to cover groan capital expenditures of all companies in the private mid joint sectors. The study also provides a picture of the level and composition of corporate investment in 1982.

Reporting of Industrial Capacities-Review of Company Annual Reports

Review of Company Annual Reports This paper presents the main findings of a review of the information on industrial licences held, capacities installed and actual production as reported in nearly 2,000 Annual Reports of companies.

Concept of a Holding Company-Elements of Structural Design

Elements of Structural Design Nitish R De In 1972, an effort was initiated to revitalise the Central government public enterprise system. A high-powered committee teas set up to look into the structure, internal working, and enterprise-ministry interface concerning some of the key enterprises.

HISTORY-The Subaltern in South Asian History and Society

The Subaltern in South Asian History and Society Report of a Conference (By a Special Correspondent) IN November 1982, the Australian National University hosted a conference in Canberra on the subaltern in South Asian History and Society. It was organised by Ranajit Guha, who is a Senior Research Fellow there. Readers of this journal may be familiar with the first volume of "Subaltern Studies:

Humanising the Personnel Function

Humanising the Personnel Function Somnath Chattopadhyay Designing and Managing Human Resource Systems by Udai Pareek and Rao; Oxford and IBH, New Delhi, 1981; pp 347.

Crisis and Profitability in Jute Industry

Swapan Kumar Sen Analysis of the nature and causes of the 'crisis' of the jute industry leads to interesting results. Indeed, such an analysis cannot be carried out without bearing in mind the interests of the four major groups in the industry

WEST GERMANY-Assuring the Allies

leader was a mediator. Partha Chat- terjee expanded on this latter point by asking Chakravarty what, in his view, would constitute change. Was not the worker-trade union leader relationship an essentially new one? The trade union leader had, in fact, a bourgeois understanding of his role as a political representative of the people. Dipesh Chakravarty replied that although there were obvious empirical differences between rural zamindar-dominated society and urban industrial society, relationships of power and authority continued to be similar. He accepted that his analysis was pessimistic, but in India there were few grounds for optimism. It was one thing to believe in the possibility of a change for the better, another to argue that it was coming in the near future. He accepted the possibility of change, but: not the immediate likelihood, and this essay was an attempt to understand why this was so. He felt that Marxists who analysed all problems in terms of structure and superstructure tended to be blind to the critical problem of culture, and he argued that there is a great need for a theory of culture in Marxist writing. In conclusion, we may say that the papers presented at this conference showed a greater awareness of the need to analyse the relationship of collaboration between subaltern and elite classes as well as that of conflict. Other elements which came out in the whole discussion were the need to combat narrow economistic explanations for subaltern actions, the need to focus strongly on political relationships, the relative autonomy which exists between the thought and actions of elite and subaltern classes, and the need to understand better the nature of the tenacious hold of culture within the Indian social formation. The study of subaltern consciousness and culture, it was brought out, was central to the whole project. In this, the authors of these papers accepted the need to approach popular beliefs and understandings through a more sophisticated analysis of texts. This is, perhaps, one of the directions in which we may expect the subaltern studies project to move in the future.

Labour Management Relations in Banking Industry

Banking Industry Baldev R Sharma Knowledge gained through studies of industrial relations in situations where relations between employers and employees are under stress are unlikely to provide an adequate basis for building a healthy and harmonious climate of employer-employee relations. The knowledge and insights required for the latter task can result only from studies of organisations in the course of their normal day-today functioning.


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