ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Sectoral Corporations-Some Organisational Experiments in Public Sector in India

Some Organisational Experiments in Public Sector in India Ramaswamy R Iyer Over the years there has been a great deal of debate on the performance of public enterprises and much concern has been expressed at the fact that the massive investment in the public sector has not yielded at adequate quantum of reinvestible surpluses. Any consideration of this matter in depth would need to cover a wide range of issues, but among them would be questions of organisation, structure and patterns of management of public enterprises.

Theory of Pricing in Socialist Countries-Case of Industrial Producer Goods

Case of Industrial Producer Goods Jaya Mehta In contrast to a market economy, the entire system of prices in a planned economy is determined by the central price-fixing authority In this situation, price theory is expected to provide the basis for constructing a price structure which would lead to the most efficient functioning of the economy This paper attempts to summarise the discussions on pricing especially pricing of industrial goods, in socialist countries.

Corporate Board and Performance

R A Sharma This article is intended to ascertain the relationship between directorial turnover and performance of a company. It is hpyothesised that a company with too high or too low a turnover in the board of directors is not likely to be as high a performer as a company with a board having moderate ranges of turnover. It is felt that the lower stability does not permit continuity of policies which, in turn, affects organisational functioning. At the same time, it is also felt that too sticky boards are likely to become state developing patterned ways of decision-making to arrive at habitual consensus wherein difference of opinion is not a virtue and the board remains insulated from new knowledge and ideas. Our effort in this article will be to measure the changes in the boards of directors of non-government public limited companies engaged in manufacturing and belonging to different categories of entrepreneurs and link the performance of their companies with these changes. The results of this study will reflect upon behaviours; of various categories of entrepreneurs and provide lessons to potential entrepreneurs.

Comparative Performance of Technocrats, Educated Unemployed and Trader Entrepreneurs- A Case Study of Small Scale Industries in Orissa

Unemployed and Trader Entrepreneurs A Case Study of Small Scale Industries in Orissa Gopinath Pradhan Many programmes have been initiated in successive Five Year Plans for developing small-scale entrepreneurial talent in the industrial sector. On the basis of the preferential treatment shown by the government the owners of small-scale units may be divided into a 'new' class, i e, the educated, and others who are mostly traditional entrepreneurs from trading and rich peasant backgrounds.

Management of Tax Expenditures in India

Anand P Gupta Tax expenditures represent government monetary assistance delivered through the tax system rather than the: direct budget. Tax laws in India including the Income Tax Act, are honeycombed with tax expenditures.

Government Responses to Management of Energy and Technology Sectors- Policy and Planning Initiatives in Developing Countries

Energy and Technology Sectors Policy and Planning Initiatives in Developing Countries A P Saxena The emerging trends in the energy and technology sectors pose a challenge to governments in developing countries and in particular to their administrative set-up and public personnel. The development problems and opportunities before these governments mil be increasingly influenced by the wide-ranging changes originating in these sectors. Will the developing countries be able to anticipate and adequately respond to these changes? Appreciation and appraisal of the changes depend on the scope and timing of government responses even as the profile of the responses will determine the concerns for management in the energy and technology sectors.

CHINA- Unequal Treaties- Turning Fact into Fiction

who, above all, vote with their pocket books. Even Democrats defected en masse to the Reagan camp. Nor did Mondale's surprise announcement on the eve of the Democratic national convention

Industrial and Regional Linkage Effects of a Public Sector Enterprise- An Empirical Study

Public Sector Enterprise An Empirical Study M Ramadhyani Since the beginning of the planning period the Indian government has sought to give preferential treatment to less developed areas and states in the distribution of public sector industrial investment There has also been intense competition amongst state governments in the location of Central public sector industries.

UNITED STATES- Lameduck President after Landslide Victory

Lameduck President after Landslide Victory Sudhir Sen MORE than 150 years have passed since Alexis de Tbqueville, in his classic work on Democracy in America, made some unforgettable comments on the presidential election in America: As the election draws near, the activity of intrigue and the agitation of the populace increase; the citizens are divided into hostile camps, each of which assumes the name of the favourite candidate, the whole nation glows with feverish excitement; the election is the daily theme of the public papers, the subject of private conversation, the end of every thought and every action, the sole interest of the present. So was it also in 1984. For months, all eyes were focused on the election, the rivalry among the candidates-

Policy Analysis in Government- Some Observations

Some Observations Rushikeah M Maru R S Ganapathy To understand the extent and nature of internal policy analysis in public organisations, the authors conducted an exploratory study of policy analysis mechanisms in the three Central government ministries of health and family welfare, agriculture and science and technology. A series of unstructured interviews were conducted with officials in these three ministries to understand the organisation of policy analysis within the ministries, and to identify major issues for further research. What is presented in this note is a set of preliminary observations for discussion.

Bank Loans to Lower Class Women in Bombay-Problems and Prospects

Problems and Prospects Jana Everett Mira Savara Since the nationalisation of the bigger banks in 1969, Indian banks have established lending programmes for self-employed 'entrepreneurs' from the lower classes. This paper reports the results of an exploratory study of bank loans to lower caste women in Bombay. It seeks to shed some tight on the problems surrounding and the prospects for bank loans as an economic development strategy for poor women.

Market Penetraion of Upcountry India-Nasik in Comparative Perspective

Nasik in Comparative Perspective Norbert Dannhaeuser A prevalent model of market channel evolution predicts that under conditions of economic development traders will adopt active marketing strategies and, in doing so, will transform vertically fragmented channels into intergrated ones. This paper has two goals: (1) to determine whether this model is verified empirically in currently developing societies; (2) to isolate socio-cultural and political factors which limit such channel evolution, lt does this by comparing changes in an interurban trade network in India with those of a similar network in the Philippines.

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