ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Concentration and Growth in Indian Tea Industry

Indian Tea Industry Neelanjana Mitra This paper examines the nature and extent of concentration in the Indian tea industry and compares the rates of growth of output of different size-groups of firms constituting the industry. Section II of the paper presents a picture of concentration in the industry in terms of two alternative measures of firm-size and compares the growth of production and acreage for different size-groups of firms. The discussion is then concluded in Section III with some policy prescriptions.

Development of Senior Administrators

A P Saxena Efforts for development of senior administrators have been either inadequate or ad hoc, lacking appreciation of key concerns including issues of need, objectives and content. In the meantime, the number of senior administrators in most developing countries needing intervention inputs for development has been steadily increasing with the growth in the pace of planned economic development.

Liberalisation of Automobile Industry Policy and Demand for Commercial Vehicles

and Demand for Commercial Vehicles Rajaram Dasgupta This paper attempts to estimate demand for different categories of commercial vehicles upto the end of this decade. The author contends that the official demand forecasts are exaggerated because the assumptions about growth of traffic on which they are based are unrealistic. In the light of his demand projection, the author argues that the current policies of licensing a number of new units is likely to result in underutilisation of capacity and consequent loss of economies of scale. A preferable policy would be to increase capacity in the existing units would achieve greater efficiency and introduce some competition in the industry.

Personnel Policies in Regional Rural Banks

Anil K Khandelwal The Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) were conceived as low-cost institutions to provide credit to small and marginal farmers and other down-trodden sections in the rural areas. Within a short span of a decade, the RRBs have carved out a niche for themselves among rural financing agencies. For the RRBs to achieve the tasks set for them will require highly motivated personnel and a climate which is conducive to development. However, issues of personnel policies for the RRBs have on the whole received scant attention. This neglect can prove costly in the long run. This paper is an attempt to put focus on this complex area and is divided into two sections: section I focuses on the problem areas in personnel management in RRBs and section II puts forward some suggestions for improvement of their personnel policies.

Compensating Government Employees for Price Increase-Basis, Trends and Forecasts

Compensating Government Employees for Price Increase Basis, Trends and Forecasts Poonam Gupta Sanjeev Gupta Does the existing policy of dearness allowance (DA) payments compensate government employees for price increase without introducing distortions in the pay structure? Also, by how much wilt the liability of the govern- ment increase by the turn of the century if present trends in DA payments are maintained? In this paper, the recommendations made by various pay commissions and other bodies on DA since its inception are summarised to bring out the underlying rationale. This is followed by a discussion of the present trends in DA payments. Subsequently, forecast of such payments by the Union government as well as different state governments upto the year 2000 are made. Conclusions are drawn in the last section.

Learning by Doing-Technology Transfer to an Indian Manufacturing Firm

Technology Transfer to an Indian Manufacturing Firm Shekhar Chaudhuri Tushar K Moulik This paper presents an in-depth case study of technology transfer to an Indian manufacturing firm in the tractor industry and highlights the complexities arising as a result of the interaction of a number of factors both external to the firm as well as internal to it.

On Benefits of Tapping Foreign Portfolio Investments-An Indian Perspective

Investments An Indian Perspective Vihang R Errunza Over the last two-three years India has moved towards selective liberalisation of rules governing foreign portfolio investment (FPI). It would be useful, therefore, to review the benefits of FPU especially as they pertain to India.

Role of Indian Worker in Early Phase of Industrialisation-A Critique of Established View, with Special Reference to Tata Iron and Steel Co, 1910-30

of Industrialisation A Critique of Established View, with Special Reference to Tata Iron and Steel Co, 1910-30 Satyabrata Datta Accounts of the Indian worker in the early phase of the country's industrialisation proceed on the assumption of the low level of his technical skill and industrial efficiency. Now, the question of skill/lack of skill or efficiency/ inefficiency of Indian labour involves both theoretical and empirical considerations. None of the accounts of the early Indian industrial worker, however, bases its arguments on a clear theoretical position. At the same time, a critical enquiry into the TISCO workers' performance calls into question also the empirical validity of this view of Indian labour This paper is in two parts. In the first part, attempts are made to problematise certain theoretical issues. Apart from showing the theoretical inadequacies of the established view of Indian labour, the author focuses on the discussion around the theme of skill/efficiency. In the second part of the paper, the empirical fallacies in the established view of the Indian worker are taken up. The author discusses how in this view illiteracy and the alleged low level of skill of the Indian worker are seen as interdependent. Also taken up for consideration are the ideological motivations that shaped the established view of labour as well as the question of the comparative efficiency of Indian and Western labour.

Small Horsepower Diesel Engine Industry in India-A Systems Study

in India A Systems Study R Bandyopadhyay S Datta There are conflicting views about the future of the small horsepower diesel engine industry. While some are optimistic about the bright future of the industry, some doubt its very survival. Further, in view of the energy crisis, it is imperative that for any future development of the industry the aspects of alternative fuels and saving of fuel should be examined in a systemic way.

Quality of Working Life-Some Issues in the Indian Context

Some Issues in the Indian Context Anil K Sengupta The paper argues that the concept of quality of working life is much more broad-based than what Us promoters in India have tended to project. The concept encompasses within itself not only better designed jobs but also several other inter-related elements. Any attempt to improve quality of working life that overlooks this basic fact is bound to fail. The paper also argues that the question of improving the quality of working life in developing countries like India would have to be considered not in relation to only some selective aspects of the development process such as the type of technology or work organisation used but in relation to the entire strategy of development of these countries.

An Integrated View of Entrepreneurship

Dwijendra Tripathi The terms 'entrepreneur' and 'entrepreneurship' have generated considerable debate in recent years. However, there is considerable conceptual confusion about these terms which helps neither entrepreneurial research nor the programmes for entrepreneurial development. The paper seeks to clarify this confusion of concepts by examining the historical evolution of the term and the changes in its conceptual meaning. Based on this analysis the author presents a schema for understanding the process of entrepreneurship. The author concludes that although entrepreneurship must remain confined to the economic sphere it cannot be comprehended without reference to factors other than the economic alone.

Effectiveness and Efficiency in Public Administration-A Theoretical Framework

Administration A Theoretical Framework Satya Deva Western theorising about effectiveness and efficiency has reached an impasse; also, it is hardly relevant to underdeveloped countries.

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