ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Measurement of Technological Changes in Indian Economy, 1968-69 to 1979-80

This paper discusses the concept technological change and attempts to measure such change in the Indian economy over the period 1968-69 to 1979-80 through an input-output approach. The extent of changes in input- output coefficients (technical coefficients) are quantified and an attempt is made to segregate change in output due to changes in final demand from that due to changes in technology.

The Plains Man s Burden

The question of tribal separatism is increasingly coming to the fore. Sometimes it is raised with a profound sense of alarm as if there were a revolt and the army ought to be marched in to crush it; at other times it is raised with voyeuristic amusement at the tribals

Management Information System for Biogas Development

This paper develops a Management Information System (MIS) for the national programme on biogas development It first identifies the problems of the existing information system in utilising the data for decision making. Subsequently, the tasks that are related to planning, implementation and control of the bio-gas programme at the district level are enumerated and the problems anticipated in the execution of the programme are identified. A graphic model of a MIS is then developed and its use as a tool in problem solving is illustrated.

India s Trade with the Emirates

of pragmatism were not proving very successful, yet they continued to be followed. But with the goal becoming more and more distant, the tribes also showed tendencies of associating the other faiths with superiority. The superior people must be having superior religions, a much surer way to the supreme being and happiness. Birsa represented this tendency of fighting the stronger cultures with their own weapons. There were elements from christian and hindu sects in his faith. His laws were: Do not worship spirits or offer them sacrifices; do not eat non-vegetarian or impure food or drink liquor; observe Thursday as weekly holiday, devoting it to worship; wear the sacred thread; take your meal only after bathing, and so on. Those who followed Birsa accepted all these conditions, for in him they saw the greatest promise ever of return to the age of the kin-confederations.

Acquisition and Development of Technology-Some Issues

In many sectors of industry, including those involving sophisticated technology, we now know what it takes to bring about successful generation and commercialisation of indigenously developed technology There is, in other words, a technology of technology transfer, calling for specialised analytical, managerial, and behavioural skills on the part of planners and policy makers and technology generators and utilisers.

OD, Health Care and, Social Change

The health care system in India needs to become more accessible and affordable to the poor and the unreached. This process requires prioritising plans, funds, activities, etc, in accordance with the needs of the health of the poor and the marginalised. Organisation Development (OD), it is argued here, is a useful tool for this purpose, especially as OD literature has tended to focus on operationalisation of concepts like collaboration, confrontation, authenticity, trust, support and openness.

Making of a Participative Forum BHEL Experience

This paper recounts the experience of the Joint Committee, the apex, participative union-management forum of the public sector organisation, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited. The data, based on the minutes of the Joint Committee meetings, covering the period from the setting up of the forum in 1973 through to mid-1982. The paper tracer how in a multiple union situation, the forum sought to evolve commonly acceptable norms for deter- mining union representation to the forum, and then went on to reconstitute itself through secret ballot Through the process of joint decision-making, the apex body was able to make both management and unions accountable to the forum, and acquire directive authority as well as participate in rule-making for the organisation. On the basis of this experience, the paper concludes by questioning the validity of certain commonly held assumptions about workers' participation in management, in the Indian context.

Crisis of Public Administration as a Discipline in India

Reviewing the current status of the public administration discipline in the Indian universities, this paper raises questions about the relevance of so-called theories and approaches in public administration, developed in an alien context, to Indian realities. It is argued that the management science orientation and the practical concerns of the discipline have taken it away from its broader social science moorings. A meaningful discipline of public administration in India has to reckon with the undifferentiated nature of administration and politics and the deep involvement of the administration in the social structure and processes. The theories of the state, especially the theoretical developments in the conceptualisation of the 'third world' state, need to be related to the structure and operation of public organisations. Public administration as a subject of study has thus to be located within a broader field of political theory. A discipline that avoids analysing the role of administration in sustaining a structure of domination, repression and injustice, is not a genuine social science but a courtier subject.

Small Is Not Beautiful-A Study of the Paper Industry

A Study of the Paper Industry Alka Subramanian Government policy which has discriminated against large paper mills and favoured the small nulls sector has been largely responsible for the entry of numerous small mills into the paper industry since the mid-seventies even as there has been considerable excess capacity in the industry. The author's analysis of a sample of 28 paper mills also leads to the conclusion that small mills have higher costs of production relative to the large mills because they cannot avail of the pronounced economies of scale that characterise the paper industry The current installed capacity of the paper and paper board industry is sufficient to meet present and near- term future demand and the industry should, therefore, concentrate on utilising existing capacity rather than on fresh capacity creation. Government should aid the modernisation of large mills and small nulls should concentrate on the varieties of paper that are reserved for them. The author also suggests changes in the structure of excise duties so as to maximise capacity utilisation in the industry.

Small Industries Information, Guidance and Monitoring Agency-A Model Single Window Clearance System for India

and Monitoring Agency A Model 'Single Window Clearance System' for India S Datta After critically evaluating the existing procedures for starting a small-scale industry the paper develops a Model 'single window clearance system', SIGMA. Other infrastructural aspects are also considered for impIementation of the model in India.

A Framework for Understanding Change in Public Sector Enterprises

in Public Sector Enterprises V Nilakant This paper attempts to explore issues in organisational change within the framework of perspectives developed in the field of Organisational Behaviour It is hoped that such an exploration would contribute towards building a theory and practice of organisational change in the Indian context The focus of inquiry is organisations in the public sector INTRODUCTION THE theory and practice of organisational change is one of the central concerns of the field of Organisational Behaviour (OB). Although OB concepts and practices have evolved primarily in the western context, Khandwalla (1986) believes that the field can significantly contribute to socio-economic development in the third world societies This paper attempts to explore issues in organisational change within the framework of perspectives developed in the field of OB. It is hoped that such an exploration would contribute towards building a theory and practice of organisational change in the Indian context The focus of inquiry in this paper is organisations in the public sector in India The choice of organisations is guided by both pragmatic and normative considerations. First, the public sector constitutes a major segment of the Indian economy. Total investments in central government undertakings were about Rs 42,800 crore in 1984-85 as compared to Rs 953 crore in 1960-61. This segment has witnessed rapid growth in the last twenty years Second, although the normative focus in OB has been on organisational effectiveness, this has been viewed in terms of profitability, rate of growth, adaptability, resource acquisition, and employee welfare. There is a need for viewing organisational effectiveness in third world societies in terms of contribution of the organisation to socio-economic development. Public sector enterprises are one of the principal instruments of the state to bring about socioeconomic development in our society and thus provide an ideal setting for an inquiry into organisational change.

Towards a Comprehensive Theory of Working Capital-A Techno-Financial Approach

Working Capital A Techno-Financial Approach Hrishikes Bhattacharyya The operating cycle theory of working capital as derived from 'natural business year' concept of Park and Gladson has not been able to capture the entire techno-financial operating structure of a firm. The currentness or otherwise of operating assets and liabilities cannot also be exactly judged in terms of operating cycle theory because of its in-built inconsistency and mathematical fallacy. In this paper an attempt has been made to develop a comprehensive theory and tool of working capital management from system's point of view.


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