ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Operations Research-Scope and Exercise

from the Hindus, in appearance and by physical features. But the Negro cannot hide his identity because nearly everything about Irs appearance is different. Moreover, the leadership of the Indian Muslims demanded and obtained a separate "homeland" on the basis of two nation theory but the American Negroes during the period covered by the study (and even now, in spite of the call of Black Power) wanted assimilation with the white society and tried hard to remove the marks of separate identity.

Income Tax on Income-in-kind

Amaresh Bagchi Adoption of the net-flow-of-wealth definition of income is considered an unavoidable surrender to expediency, but serious distortions arise when departures are made even from this definition on grounds such as that receipt in kind is not income since barter is not sale. This paper briefly illustrates the nature of some of these distortions with reference to a few judicial decisions.

The Research Gap

The Missing Identity B L Maheshwarl Operations Research A C Das Gupta Management by Objectives A V Srinivasan Asset Selection N L Hingorani Advertising Sanat Lahiri Cash Management in Banks C Rangarajan J K Satia University Organisation Kamla Chowdhry Tax on Income-in-kind Amaresh Bagchi Industrial Planning Yoginder K Alagh Review of Management is published four times a year, on the last Saturday of February, May, August and November.

Organisational Innovation in Universities- Relevance of Industrial Experience

Relevance of Industrial Experience Kamla Chowdhry There are those who may argue about the uniqueness of the University and resent the application of insights gained from industrial experience. It still seems necessary and desirable to build bridges across different institutional settings so as to transfer insights gained from one field to another.

Intersectoral Terms of Trade and Marketed Surplus of Agricultural Produce, 1951-52 to 1965-66

During the period of the first three five-year Plans, all prices received and paid by agriculture show- ed an upward trend, though at differential rates. In general, prices received by agriculture rose at a faster annual rate than those paid by agriculture, and yet the consequent secular improvement in favour of agriatl- ture in the net barter terms of trade was marginal.

Intensive Agricultural District Programme-Analysis of Results

Analysis of Results D K Desai The results of the Intensive Agricultural District Programme indicate that the strategy of intensification of effort on an area basis has not achieved the objective of rapid increase in agricultural production.

Problem of Marketed Surplus of Cereals

Kalpana Bardhan This paper suggests an indirect method of estimating the quantity of cereals marketed by the agricultural sector. The authors analyse the behaviour of the marketed surplus in terms of the relevant price and income variables and compare their estimates with the figure of marketed surplus of cereals implied in the year-end projections of the Fourth Plan.

Regional Patterns of Education-Rimland and Heartland in Indian Education

Susanne Hoeber Rudolph Responsibility for education lies primarily on the States. Since the States differ significantly with respect to language, history, economic levels and social structure, their differences get translated into the quite distinct patterns of education to be found among the States.

Reply

Review of Agriculture June 1969 Reply C H Hanumantha Rao THE extension of my welfare analysis by T N Srinivasan and P K Bardhan is useful as it provides a method for identifying empirically the income groups in rural (urban) areas who may be better or worse off than their urban (rural) counterparts, given the assumption of identical preferences. One of the main points of my welfare analysis was that the large expenditure groups may not experience a real income advantage in rural areas as compared to their urban counterparts. The estimates of Srinivasan and Bardhan confirm this proposition as they conclude that "for a given price difference the higher expenditure groups spending a larger proportion on more expensive urban goods are worse off relative to their urban counterparts''. It is important to note this because many of the prevailing studies on tax burden assume that real incomes of the rural rich are higher than those of their urban counterparts.

Resource Prospects from the Rural Sector-A Comment

P K Bardhan Hanumantha Rao ("Resource Prospects from the Rural Sector : The Case of Indirect Taxes", March 29, 1969, pp A-53 to A-58) could have gone further than he did in his welfare analysis of the differential indirect tax burden on rural and urban consumers of similar money income groups.

The Green Revolution in Punjab-A Field Trip

This paper presents the findings of two brief trips earlier this year through two of the principal districts of Punjab. The "Green Revolution" is very much in evidence in Punjab

A Strategy for Ayacut Development under Major Irrigation Projects

Perhaps in no other agricultural or industrial programme is the gestation lag so long as it is in major irrigation projects. The long gap between the creation and utilisation of irrigation facilities depresses returns on investment in these projects and prevents full exploitation of the additional agricultural production potential. Not only that, the reservoirs get silted as a result of non-utilisation of their waters and their life is permanently reduced.

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