ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Projections of Consumption-Rural Urban India 1970-71 and 1975-76

Rural/Urban India: 1970-71 and 1975-76 N S Iyengar L R Jain Among the basic objectives of Indian planners are a) achievement of a significant increase in the employment opportunities in the coming years, and b) promotion of a social order which affords equality of opportunity and which at the same time prevents excessive disparity in income and wealth.

Cost Effectiveness and All That

S K Bhattacharyya Performance Budgeting by A Premchand; Academic Books, Bombay; 1969; pp 150; Rs 18.50. ONE of the most heartening developments in recent years has been the introduction of the cost effectiveness concept in Government budgeting. It is true that some form of cost effectiveness was introduced in the US Government accounting system even prior to the induction of Robert McNamara by Kennedy from Detroit to Washington. It is, however, valid to hold that McNamara is perhaps the person who gave this new system a conceptual basis and provided a sense of direction and thrust which were in line with his earlier reputation as a whiz kid, who made the transition from a professor of Harvard Business School to President of Ford Motors to Secretary of Defence, with equal ease. In introducing performance budgeting, which is built around the concept of cost effectiveness, McNamara stepped on quite a few corns, particularly those of his Chiefs of Staff who were somewhat unaccustomed to being told by a mere civilian what was good for them. Added to these injuries were insults by way of questions which McNamara constantly raised at the Pentagon

Changed Perspective

Economics in Farming M L Dantwala Crucial Issues for Fourth Plan H B Shivamaggi Magnitude of Tenancy Dharm Narain P C Joshi Big Farmers of Punjab Ashok Rudra. A Majid B D Talib Green Revolution in Bihar Wolf Ladejinsky 1968-69 Crop : Contribution of Weather and New Technology Ralph W Cummings, Jr S K Ray Demand for Fertilisers Gunvant M Desai John W Mellor Review of Agriculture is published four times a year, on the last Saturday of March, June, September and December.

Magnitude of Agricultural Tenancy

With the results of the 16th and 17th Rounds of the National Sample Survey having become available, it is now possible to study changes in the magnitude of agricultural tenancy.

Green Revolution in Bihar- The Kosi Area A Field Trip

Till the other day, Purnea and Saharsa were very backward rural districts. With the Kosi irrigation scheme gradually coming into its own, they are less so now. Basic technological changes are taking place on holdings with assured water supply and for farmers with resources to acquire inputs other than water.

Crucial Aspects of Agricultural Development-Problems of the Fourth Plan

It is vital for the success of the agricultural development programme of the Fourth Plan that as large a section of the rural population as possible, including non-owner cultivators, small farmers and farmers in dry areas, are enabled to participate in the technological changes that are being introduced in agriculture.

Changing Basis of Demand for Fertiliser

Gunvant M Desai John W Mellor To attain the need-based targets, fertiliser use in the country must grow by over 600 thousand tonnes per year for at least 6 to 7 consecutive years. What is the likelihood of cultivators* demand growing continuously by this huge unprecedented magnitude? What public policy measures are needed to generate such a growth in demand?

Big Farmers of Punjab- Some Preliminary Findings of a Sample Survey

This paper presents some partial and preliminary results of a sample survey of large farms in Punjab carried out in the summer of 1968-69. An idea of the expansion of large-scale farming in Punjab may be had from the fact that land owned by farmers with more than 20 acres increased by about 9.5 per cent between 1955-56 and 1967-68. This average, again, hides a significant range of variation in the rates of expansion. Farms of the size group 20-25 acres expanded by only 4 per cent whereas those in the size-group 100-150 acres expanded by 40 per cent.

1968-69 Foodgrain Production- Relative Contribution of Weather and New Technology

The New Agricultural Strategy has already made a substantial impact on agricultural growth. This impact becomes the more apparent when the relative contribution of rainfall is included in an analysis of factors explaining the 1968-69 foodgrain output.

Is Economics in Farming Dead

LIKE millions of farmers in the developed as well as the developing regions, the author may discover that she too is ploughing a lonely furrow in the held of agricultural economics. Though at first sight the book's canvas is filled with assorted human portraits of farmers in many different areas, engaged in many divergent agricultural pursuits, at the core is a highly heretical theme that farmers in all parts of the world

Programming of Management by Objectives

A V Srinivasan Management by objectives is an extension of Taylor's philosophy to the level of an organisation. Involvement and participation in management by objectives is possible only at the higher level. Management science, nevertheless, offers effective techniques which could be used in planning the execution of management by objectives.

The Missing Identity

B L Maheshwari THE behaviour of a society, like that of an individual, is determined by its subjective perception of the objective reality. The key symbols, slogans, norms, myths and peculiarities of behaviour of any society are the products of the problems and challenges with which that society is grappling at a given point of time. However, ideology, in its manifold manifestations, provides the frame of reference for perception of the reality and the self-image of the society. Thus, development involves "transition from one set of values and practices to another", and a study of this evolution is an important part of political analysis. Since the elite in any society command the resources in the society and influence the thinking and behaviour at the mass level, the values and practices of the elite arc the dominant factors in determining the evolution of a society. Hence, students of political development concentrate on the study of the nature and significance of the different types of elites in the society.

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