ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Organisational Functioning in Public Sector

Organisational Functioning in Public Sector V Nilakant Public Sector Administration: New Perspectives edited by Alexander Kouz- min; Longman Cheshire, Australia, 1983; pp 329.

Changing Consciousness of Central American Women

Bobbye Suckle Ortiz Recent years have witnessed an awakening of women's consciousness in Latin America as a whole, and a burgeoning of multiform activities arising out of and responding to, their specific, daily, concrete experiences

Wife-Husband Relations-Differences between Peasant Households and Modern Professional-Class Families in North-Eastern Italy

Differences between Peasant Households and Modern Professional-Class Families in North-Eastern Italy Luisa Accati Levi This article compares and contrasts two patterns typically found in the life histories of two groups of women

Women s Employment and the Household-Some Findings from Calcutta

Some Findings from Calcutta Hilary Standing with the collaboration of Bela Bandyopadhyaya The precise effects of women's participation in waged work on the family-based household have received little detailed attention until recently. This is particularly the case in many Third World urban contexts where female labour force participation rates have been traditionally low until the recent emergence of opportunities for women in 'new' gender-segregated industries, such as electronics assembly, for instance.

Household as a First Stage in a Study of Urban Working-Class Women

of Urban Working-Class Women Alice Thorner Jyoti Ranadive The main purpose of the study on which this paper is based is to explore the lives of working-class women in a major Indian industrial city. We have tried to understand just how girls brought up in the villages and brought abruptly to Bombay at the time of their marriage (sometimes a few years before, more typically a relatively short time after) adapt to urban ways. We have enquired into the ways in which living in the city, in physical conditions quite different from those to which they are accustomed in the countryside, speaking other languages, have influenced their behaviour and their ideas.

Impact of Household Contract System on Women in Rural China

on Women in Rural China Govind Kelkar This paper examines the gender-specific implications of the household contract system in rural China. In particular, it aims to fa) show how the effects of the current economic reforms have been largely negative for women; (b) examine the ideological terms in which the woman question has been discussed in China; and (c) discuss the strong reactions which the official policies of mobilising women for the modernisation programmes have evoked from the Women's Federation of China.

Price-Support versus Fertiliser Subsidy-An Evaluation

An Evaluation Jagrup Singh Sidhu D S Sidhu The relative efficiency and equity of price-support compared to the fertiliser subsidy policy is evaluated applying an analytical framework to Indians rice and wheat economy. The results demonstrate that fertiliser subsidy policy is more beneficial than price-support, and called for reducing the fertiliser price by about 27 per cent to achieve self sufficiency Low price elasticity of output, high price elasticity of fertiliser demand and high production elasticity of fertiliser contributed to the relative superiority of fertiliser subsidy policy over price-support policy. Distributional and inflationary implications indicate that the fertiliser subsidy policy is more egalitarian than the price-support policy and is also anti-inflationary.

Impact of Irrigation on Farmers Acreage Response to Price-Case of Andhra Pradesh

Introduction DEVELOPMENT of irrigation facilities is often considered as a pre-condition for adoption of successively more intensive techniques of agricultural production. More importantly, availability of irrigation makes the production process more flexible to human decision-making and choices by weakening the constraints of lack of water for the cultivation of crops. Thus farmers in the irrigated areas are likely to be more responsive to an economic incentive than their counterparts in the unirrigated areas in terms of crop pat tern shifts and in their endeavours to raise the yield per hectare Although the above proposition has been made by several authors, not enough empirical evidence is available to support it In this paper, we will make an attempt to examine the impact of irrigation on farmers' acreage response behaviour to changes in the output prices. District-wise data from Andhra Pradesh will be used paper presents results of three principal

Technical and Institutional Factors in Utilisation of Irrigation-A Case Study of Public Canals in Punjab

Utilisation of Irrigation A Case Study of Public Canals in Punjab Jasveen Jairath This paper argues thai technical causes apart, the factors inhibiting fuller utilisation of irrigation potential have their roots in the social organisation and management of the use of irrigation waters. The author tries to establish this with reference to canal irrigation, on the basis primarily of field work in the canal irrigated villages of Punjab.

Agricultural Growth in Bangladesh, 1949-50 to 1980-81-A Review of the Evidence

 A Review of the Evidence James K Boyce A review of the evidence on Bangladesh's agricultural growth from 1949-50 to 1980-81 suggests that official statistics have understated both the level and growth of agricultural output in recent years. Recent 'objective' crop acreage estimates, and land use analysis based upon aerial photography, indicate that as much as one million acres of crop land may be missing from the country's official agricultural statistics. Current annual rice output may be underestimated by 400,000 metric tonnes or more. Whereas agricultural output growth rates estimated from official data indicate a decline from, 2.15 per cent per annum in the period 1949-64 to 1.52 per cent in the period 1965-80, the revised series reveals an opposite movement: output growth rose from an estimated 127 per cent in the earlier period to 2.18 per cent in the latter Such output underestimation does not, however, imply that the magnitude of hunger in Bangaldesh is any less severe than reported in past studies. Rather, the present study suggests that widespread malnutrition, incidence of which is determined in large part by the distribution of income and hence of food, has occurred within a context of higher national agricultural output than is recorded in the official figures.

Physiognomy and Anatomy of Growing, Decaying and Static Farms in Punjab

Decaying and Static Farms in Punjab H S Shergill What determines the fate of a peasant farm in market competition for land and the struggle for economic survival?

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