ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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From Caste Consciousness to Class Consciousness Alleppey Coir Workers during Inter-War Period

Alleppey Coir Workers during Inter-War Period T M Thomas Isaac The formation of the working class cannot be considered complete till workers become aware of the social relationship which defines their common identity as well as the conflicts arising therefrom. The emergence of political consciousness, unlike trade union consciousness, requires conscious intervention and is related to the totality of social relations and traditions in which the wage-labour relationship is embedded.

Marx, Marxism and Revolutionary Theory

Marx, 'Marxism' and Revolutionary Theory Gail Omvedt "Late Marx and the Russian Road: Marx and the Peripheries of Capitalism'; edited by Teodor Shanin; Routledge and Kegan Paul, London,

Price Movements for an Agricultural Raw Material with Inventory Adjustments-Case of Indian Natural Rubber Market in 1970s

Material with Inventory Adjustments Case of Indian Natural Rubber Market in 1970s Sunil Mani This paper analyses intra-year variations in natural rubber prices during the 1970s, taking production, consumption and the share of manufacturers' stocks to total stocks as explanatory variables. Incorporation of the stock variable is an innovation in the analysis of commodity price movements, specifically those of an agricultural raw material.

Inverse Relationship between Farm Size and Land Productivity-A Product of Science or Imagination

and Land Productivity A Product of Science or Imagination? Pol Barbier This paper intends to show, with the help of an empirical enquiry in the Hooghly district of West Bengal, that the 'inverse' relationship between farm size and land productivity in Third World countries, the existence of which is taken for granted in textbooks on development, does not stand a careful examination of the data. On the con- trary, strong doubts can be raised about the very existence of a functional relationship between these two variables. Consequently, it is here argued that land productivity differentials, in order to be properly explained, ought not to be analysed in the restrictive size-productivity framework; they should not, moreover, be apprehended from pooted or aggregated data.

Labour Use in Agriculture-Case Studies of Tapioca and Paddy

Case Studies of Tapioca and Paddy K N Ninan The experience of the developed countries suggests that economic growth coincided with a shift of a significant proportion of the labour force from the agriculture to the non-agricultural sector The sluggish pace of growth of industrial employment coupled with high population growth rates in less developed countries has made it clear that for quite some time agriculture will have to continue to provide employment to many in LDCs The present paper discusses selected issues relating to labour use in agriculture, focusing specifically on tapioca and paddy crops which are extensively cultivated in the developing countries, with the help of farm level data pertaining to Kerala. In particular it examines the relationship between labour use on the one hand and yields, farm-size, crop-operations on the other; and also the question of labour productivity in agriculture.

Agricultural Price Policy Income Distribution in India

Distribution in India Alain de Janvry K Subbarao The role of food prices and intersectoral terms of trade in stimulating agricultural growth and effecting changes in income distribution has been the subject of bitter controversy in the recent period in India. Much of this controversy, however, arises out of a lack of understanding of the conflicting effects on the net welfare of various social classes that are generated by a given change in the price and/or output of foodgrains.

Agricultural Productivity, Unemployment and Landholdings Structure-Some Tentative Hypotheses

and Landholdings Structure Some Tentative Hypotheses S K Sanyal Apart from the fairly well known inverse relationship between holding size and productivity, little is known about the role of other landholding characteristics like tenancy, landlessness, absentee landlordism, possession of working animals and agricultural implements, ownership of assets, inequalities in distribution of ownership/operational holdings on productivity in agriculture. This facet forms the main focus on this study The paper also seeks to evaluate the importance of various structural ratios with respect to the inequality in the distribution of operational holdings, taken generally as an index of income distribution in the rural areas. Further the impact of landholding characteristics on the employment/unemployment situation in the rural areas is also studied.

Government Responses to Management of Energy and Technology Sectors- Policy and Planning Initiatives in Developing Countries

Energy and Technology Sectors Policy and Planning Initiatives in Developing Countries A P Saxena The emerging trends in the energy and technology sectors pose a challenge to governments in developing countries and in particular to their administrative set-up and public personnel. The development problems and opportunities before these governments mil be increasingly influenced by the wide-ranging changes originating in these sectors. Will the developing countries be able to anticipate and adequately respond to these changes? Appreciation and appraisal of the changes depend on the scope and timing of government responses even as the profile of the responses will determine the concerns for management in the energy and technology sectors.

CHINA- Unequal Treaties- Turning Fact into Fiction

who, above all, vote with their pocket books. Even Democrats defected en masse to the Reagan camp. Nor did Mondale's surprise announcement on the eve of the Democratic national convention

Industrial and Regional Linkage Effects of a Public Sector Enterprise- An Empirical Study

Public Sector Enterprise An Empirical Study M Ramadhyani Since the beginning of the planning period the Indian government has sought to give preferential treatment to less developed areas and states in the distribution of public sector industrial investment There has also been intense competition amongst state governments in the location of Central public sector industries.

UNITED STATES- Lameduck President after Landslide Victory

Lameduck President after Landslide Victory Sudhir Sen MORE than 150 years have passed since Alexis de Tbqueville, in his classic work on Democracy in America, made some unforgettable comments on the presidential election in America: As the election draws near, the activity of intrigue and the agitation of the populace increase; the citizens are divided into hostile camps, each of which assumes the name of the favourite candidate, the whole nation glows with feverish excitement; the election is the daily theme of the public papers, the subject of private conversation, the end of every thought and every action, the sole interest of the present. So was it also in 1984. For months, all eyes were focused on the election, the rivalry among the candidates-

Policy Analysis in Government- Some Observations

Some Observations Rushikeah M Maru R S Ganapathy To understand the extent and nature of internal policy analysis in public organisations, the authors conducted an exploratory study of policy analysis mechanisms in the three Central government ministries of health and family welfare, agriculture and science and technology. A series of unstructured interviews were conducted with officials in these three ministries to understand the organisation of policy analysis within the ministries, and to identify major issues for further research. What is presented in this note is a set of preliminary observations for discussion.

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