ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Technical and Institutional Factors in Utilisation of Irrigation-A Case Study of Public Canals in Punjab

Utilisation of Irrigation A Case Study of Public Canals in Punjab Jasveen Jairath This paper argues thai technical causes apart, the factors inhibiting fuller utilisation of irrigation potential have their roots in the social organisation and management of the use of irrigation waters. The author tries to establish this with reference to canal irrigation, on the basis primarily of field work in the canal irrigated villages of Punjab.

Agricultural Growth in Bangladesh, 1949-50 to 1980-81-A Review of the Evidence

 A Review of the Evidence James K Boyce A review of the evidence on Bangladesh's agricultural growth from 1949-50 to 1980-81 suggests that official statistics have understated both the level and growth of agricultural output in recent years. Recent 'objective' crop acreage estimates, and land use analysis based upon aerial photography, indicate that as much as one million acres of crop land may be missing from the country's official agricultural statistics. Current annual rice output may be underestimated by 400,000 metric tonnes or more. Whereas agricultural output growth rates estimated from official data indicate a decline from, 2.15 per cent per annum in the period 1949-64 to 1.52 per cent in the period 1965-80, the revised series reveals an opposite movement: output growth rose from an estimated 127 per cent in the earlier period to 2.18 per cent in the latter Such output underestimation does not, however, imply that the magnitude of hunger in Bangaldesh is any less severe than reported in past studies. Rather, the present study suggests that widespread malnutrition, incidence of which is determined in large part by the distribution of income and hence of food, has occurred within a context of higher national agricultural output than is recorded in the official figures.

Physiognomy and Anatomy of Growing, Decaying and Static Farms in Punjab

Decaying and Static Farms in Punjab H S Shergill What determines the fate of a peasant farm in market competition for land and the struggle for economic survival?

Indian Manager as Change Agent

REVIEW Indian Manager as Change Agent S L Rao The Management Philosophy of Prakash Tandon: Reflections on General Management Issues and Problems of the Public Sector edited by Raj K Nigam; Documentation Centre for Corporate Business Policy Research, New Delhi, 1984; Rs 120.

Privatisation and the Public Sector-Relevance and Limits

Relevance and Limits Samuel Paul The need for an increased rote for the private or nongovernmental sector in the economy has figured prominently in recent debates in economic and political circles in India. The issues involved, according to the author, are such that an ideological or emotional rather than an analytical approach tends to dominate the arguments. Given this background and the growing interest in privatisation, this paper seeks to examine the subject in a global perspective with a view to understanding its relevance, instruments and limits.

Trends in Factory Size in Indian Industry, 1950 to 1980-Some Tentative Inferences

Trends in Factory Size in Indian Industry, 1950 to 1980 Some Tentative Inferences R Nagaraj The average size of manufacturing plant for factory) measured in terms of number of workers employed, has shown a secular decline in practically all industry groups over the period 1950 to 1980, This appears to be very significant not only in itself but also for our understanding of industrial change in India.

Sectoral Corporations-Some Organisational Experiments in Public Sector in India

Some Organisational Experiments in Public Sector in India Ramaswamy R Iyer Over the years there has been a great deal of debate on the performance of public enterprises and much concern has been expressed at the fact that the massive investment in the public sector has not yielded at adequate quantum of reinvestible surpluses. Any consideration of this matter in depth would need to cover a wide range of issues, but among them would be questions of organisation, structure and patterns of management of public enterprises.

Theory of Pricing in Socialist Countries-Case of Industrial Producer Goods

Case of Industrial Producer Goods Jaya Mehta In contrast to a market economy, the entire system of prices in a planned economy is determined by the central price-fixing authority In this situation, price theory is expected to provide the basis for constructing a price structure which would lead to the most efficient functioning of the economy This paper attempts to summarise the discussions on pricing especially pricing of industrial goods, in socialist countries.

Corporate Board and Performance

R A Sharma This article is intended to ascertain the relationship between directorial turnover and performance of a company. It is hpyothesised that a company with too high or too low a turnover in the board of directors is not likely to be as high a performer as a company with a board having moderate ranges of turnover. It is felt that the lower stability does not permit continuity of policies which, in turn, affects organisational functioning. At the same time, it is also felt that too sticky boards are likely to become state developing patterned ways of decision-making to arrive at habitual consensus wherein difference of opinion is not a virtue and the board remains insulated from new knowledge and ideas. Our effort in this article will be to measure the changes in the boards of directors of non-government public limited companies engaged in manufacturing and belonging to different categories of entrepreneurs and link the performance of their companies with these changes. The results of this study will reflect upon behaviours; of various categories of entrepreneurs and provide lessons to potential entrepreneurs.

Forms of Labour Protest in Assam Valley Tea Plantations, 1900-1930

Tea Plantations, 1900-1930 Rana Pratap Behal By the end of the nineteenth century the Assam Valley witnessed the growth of a plantation structure woven around the obnoxious indenture system. Within this structure the workers were subjected to a physical and social control which severely restricted their mobility within and outside the plantations and isolated them from the outside world.

Jute Mill Strike of 1928-A Case Study

This paper deals with the major strike in 1928 of workers effort Gloster jute mills near Howrah in West Bengal. It focuses on certain issues such as that of mobilisation, initiative and ideology behind the strike and seeks to analyse the role of outside labour leaders in organising and conducting the political actions of the workers.

Working Class Protest in 19th Century India-Example of Railway Workers

Nineteenth century India was rich in collective action by the working class. These actions took many forms: forms that were not primitive precursors of 20th century unionism but which did, on occasion, include formally organised unions. Often these actions were planned, complex and effective responses to job-related oppression and exploitation as well as to opportunities perceived by the workers to contain beneficial possibilities.

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