ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Forms of Labour Protest in Assam Valley Tea Plantations, 1900-1930

Tea Plantations, 1900-1930 Rana Pratap Behal By the end of the nineteenth century the Assam Valley witnessed the growth of a plantation structure woven around the obnoxious indenture system. Within this structure the workers were subjected to a physical and social control which severely restricted their mobility within and outside the plantations and isolated them from the outside world.

Jute Mill Strike of 1928-A Case Study

This paper deals with the major strike in 1928 of workers effort Gloster jute mills near Howrah in West Bengal. It focuses on certain issues such as that of mobilisation, initiative and ideology behind the strike and seeks to analyse the role of outside labour leaders in organising and conducting the political actions of the workers.

Working Class Protest in 19th Century India-Example of Railway Workers

Nineteenth century India was rich in collective action by the working class. These actions took many forms: forms that were not primitive precursors of 20th century unionism but which did, on occasion, include formally organised unions. Often these actions were planned, complex and effective responses to job-related oppression and exploitation as well as to opportunities perceived by the workers to contain beneficial possibilities.

From Caste Consciousness to Class Consciousness Alleppey Coir Workers during Inter-War Period

Alleppey Coir Workers during Inter-War Period T M Thomas Isaac The formation of the working class cannot be considered complete till workers become aware of the social relationship which defines their common identity as well as the conflicts arising therefrom. The emergence of political consciousness, unlike trade union consciousness, requires conscious intervention and is related to the totality of social relations and traditions in which the wage-labour relationship is embedded.

Marx, Marxism and Revolutionary Theory

Marx, 'Marxism' and Revolutionary Theory Gail Omvedt "Late Marx and the Russian Road: Marx and the Peripheries of Capitalism'; edited by Teodor Shanin; Routledge and Kegan Paul, London,

Price Movements for an Agricultural Raw Material with Inventory Adjustments-Case of Indian Natural Rubber Market in 1970s

Material with Inventory Adjustments Case of Indian Natural Rubber Market in 1970s Sunil Mani This paper analyses intra-year variations in natural rubber prices during the 1970s, taking production, consumption and the share of manufacturers' stocks to total stocks as explanatory variables. Incorporation of the stock variable is an innovation in the analysis of commodity price movements, specifically those of an agricultural raw material.

Inverse Relationship between Farm Size and Land Productivity-A Product of Science or Imagination

and Land Productivity A Product of Science or Imagination? Pol Barbier This paper intends to show, with the help of an empirical enquiry in the Hooghly district of West Bengal, that the 'inverse' relationship between farm size and land productivity in Third World countries, the existence of which is taken for granted in textbooks on development, does not stand a careful examination of the data. On the con- trary, strong doubts can be raised about the very existence of a functional relationship between these two variables. Consequently, it is here argued that land productivity differentials, in order to be properly explained, ought not to be analysed in the restrictive size-productivity framework; they should not, moreover, be apprehended from pooted or aggregated data.

Labour Use in Agriculture-Case Studies of Tapioca and Paddy

Case Studies of Tapioca and Paddy K N Ninan The experience of the developed countries suggests that economic growth coincided with a shift of a significant proportion of the labour force from the agriculture to the non-agricultural sector The sluggish pace of growth of industrial employment coupled with high population growth rates in less developed countries has made it clear that for quite some time agriculture will have to continue to provide employment to many in LDCs The present paper discusses selected issues relating to labour use in agriculture, focusing specifically on tapioca and paddy crops which are extensively cultivated in the developing countries, with the help of farm level data pertaining to Kerala. In particular it examines the relationship between labour use on the one hand and yields, farm-size, crop-operations on the other; and also the question of labour productivity in agriculture.

Agricultural Price Policy Income Distribution in India

Distribution in India Alain de Janvry K Subbarao The role of food prices and intersectoral terms of trade in stimulating agricultural growth and effecting changes in income distribution has been the subject of bitter controversy in the recent period in India. Much of this controversy, however, arises out of a lack of understanding of the conflicting effects on the net welfare of various social classes that are generated by a given change in the price and/or output of foodgrains.

Agricultural Productivity, Unemployment and Landholdings Structure-Some Tentative Hypotheses

and Landholdings Structure Some Tentative Hypotheses S K Sanyal Apart from the fairly well known inverse relationship between holding size and productivity, little is known about the role of other landholding characteristics like tenancy, landlessness, absentee landlordism, possession of working animals and agricultural implements, ownership of assets, inequalities in distribution of ownership/operational holdings on productivity in agriculture. This facet forms the main focus on this study The paper also seeks to evaluate the importance of various structural ratios with respect to the inequality in the distribution of operational holdings, taken generally as an index of income distribution in the rural areas. Further the impact of landholding characteristics on the employment/unemployment situation in the rural areas is also studied.

Management of Tax Expenditures in India

Anand P Gupta Tax expenditures represent government monetary assistance delivered through the tax system rather than the: direct budget. Tax laws in India including the Income Tax Act, are honeycombed with tax expenditures.

Government Responses to Management of Energy and Technology Sectors- Policy and Planning Initiatives in Developing Countries

Energy and Technology Sectors Policy and Planning Initiatives in Developing Countries A P Saxena The emerging trends in the energy and technology sectors pose a challenge to governments in developing countries and in particular to their administrative set-up and public personnel. The development problems and opportunities before these governments mil be increasingly influenced by the wide-ranging changes originating in these sectors. Will the developing countries be able to anticipate and adequately respond to these changes? Appreciation and appraisal of the changes depend on the scope and timing of government responses even as the profile of the responses will determine the concerns for management in the energy and technology sectors.

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