ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Labour and Management-First Twenty Years of Assam Company Limited (1839-59)

First Twenty Years of Assam Company Limited (1839-59) Kalyan K Sircar Not much work has been done on the labour-management relations in Indian industries of an early period when there were no formal trade unions, political parties or special labour legislation as such to mediate This paper enquires into the conditions prevailing in the plantation industry during its formative years, 1839-59. In those days, the Assam Company was the sole representative of this industry in India, and recruits from the Kachari tribe of Assam accounted for, unlike in later times, most of its labour force. Because of ethnic homogeneity, proximity of the plantations to their home districts and the free mobility they enjoyed, the Kachari labour force was often able to fight back and gain important concessions from the Company management. Themselves illiterate though, they made continuous efforts to settle wage rates and disputes through collective bargaining and to obtain written undertakings from the management Keen on pushing the wages further down and on resisting labour combination, the Assam Company therefore decided after 1859 to recruit the bulk of its labour from outside Assam and keep (hem bonded. To facilitate this, the colonial government introduced restrictive labour legislation, thereby permitting the planters to restrict free mobility and right to combination of their labourers. Kacharis opted out of the new indenture system, even as famine-stricken people by thousands were recruited thereunder from new labour catchment areas outside Assam, during the decades that followed. Among, such new recruits were various groups of tribesmen, designated in the records as 'hill cooli, dhangar and boonah (jungle-dwelling), etc.

Corporate Investment in 1986-A Forecast

A Forecast R H Patil Ranjana Pendharkar This paper attempts to make a forecast of the growth in private corporate investment in 1986. Corporate investment covered here includes gross capital expenditure of all companies in the private and joint sectors. The level and Composition of corporate investment in 1985 is also presented here.

Accountability of Government Audit in India

K P Joseph There is a delusion among the officials of the Audit Department and some academics and government officials that our Audit is among the best in the world and many professional people in other countries also seem to share this opinion. This impression is based on an insufficient study of our procedures and practices and a failure to take notice of contemporary government audit trends in other advanced countries.

Mass Banking Management Problems

R Bandyopadhyay Before one can examine the management processes and problems arising out of mass banking, attention needs to be focused on the character and conceptual foundations of mass banking. An attempt is, therefore, made here to examine the nature and content of mass banking in India, with special reference to its need and linkage to the process of development. Later the nature of the managerial problems that mass banking has thrown up and ways and means of tackling them are analysed.

Interest Cost and Rate of Profit in Indian Corporate Sector

in Indian Corporate Sector K A Menon Study of the behaviour of the average rate of interest or the share of interest cost in the value of production and value added, though important in itself, does not provide conclusive evidence of the nature of the interest burden borne by industries. This paper seeks to assess the interest burden on the corporate sector against the accepted norm of marginal efficiency of capital. Data for the study are taken from the analyses of the finances of non-financial companies periodically conducted by the Reserve Bank of India and the ICICI.

Concentration and Growth in Indian Tea Industry

Indian Tea Industry Neelanjana Mitra This paper examines the nature and extent of concentration in the Indian tea industry and compares the rates of growth of output of different size-groups of firms constituting the industry. Section II of the paper presents a picture of concentration in the industry in terms of two alternative measures of firm-size and compares the growth of production and acreage for different size-groups of firms. The discussion is then concluded in Section III with some policy prescriptions.

Kadambini and the Bhadralok-Early Debates over Women s Education in Bengal

Early Debates over Women's Education in Bengal Malavika Karlekar Debates over women's education in Bengal in the 1860s were broadly divided along the following lines: radical Brahmos felt that there was no justification for instituting a separate curriculum for girls or limiting the level to which girls should be educated; mainstream Brahmos and the more enlightened sections of the Hindus advocated a limited education for girls which would serve the major purpose of making women intelligent companions for the emergent bhadralok and better mothers for the next generation. The education of women, it was argued, involved a very different set of values from the rationale, for instance, behind agitating for home rule and, later, legislative representation. If women were excessively liberated there was no guarantee that they would either accept the moral straitjacket imposed on them or the sexual double standards allowed for men. These subconscious insecurities took a hysterical form occasionally as in the response to the educational and later professional successes of Kadambini, the first Indian woman doctor.

In Search of the Pure Heathen-Missionary Women in Nineteenth Century India

Missionary Women in Nineteenth Century India Geraldine H Forbes In the latter half of the nineteenth century British missionary women appointed by Ladies' Missionary Societies began to arrive in India with the expressed purpose of converting 'pure heathens,' i e, Indian women confined in the zenanas. In the zenanas they hoped to educate as well as to convert. The effort to convert was usually abandoned under the strict supervision of the male guardians of their Indian students. Even the real mission, to impart training, was hardly successful. The greatest impact of this plan was on the women missionaries themselves who, drawn from the 'surplus' of genteel single women in England, would otherwise have been competing for the few available positions of governesses. Significantly, women missionaries of the period were not only the helpmates of the imperialists but were themselves imperialists reenacting the drama of the coloniser and the colonised within the confines of the zenana.

Doordarshan s Neurosis

 Doordarshan's Neurosis Hiren Gohain EVERY educated Indian is now aware what a powerful and important medium the TY has become. He is equally apprehensive that this medium has fallen a prey to a series of serious maladies. Hence, when I received an invitation to attend the NAMEDIA seminar on 'Indian Television Today and Tomorrow', I accepted it with some alacrity. But on that fateful day when I joined the crowds at the appointed place and time in Guwahati, I felt acutely uncomfortable in the company of all the pillars of the establishment and could not help sneaking away with a sinking heart What I had intended to say on this occasion would have caused only blank incomprehension and anger among the assembled company.

Production of an Official Discourse on Sati in Early Nineteenth Century Bengal

in Early Nineteenth Century Bengal Lata Mani Several debates arose in the nineteenth century on the status of women in India in the context of determining, an appropriate colonial policy on such matters as sati which were seen to mark the depressed position of women in society. The reform of these practices was held to be part of the regenerating mission of colonisation. The most sensational and the first of these debates concerned the outlawing of sati.

WEST GERMANY-Offensive on Afghanistan

 bills have been further liberalised. Now ministers, the speaker and members of their families need not furnish the prescribed certificate in respect of the claims. These rules are in line with the IAS (Medical Attendance) Rules, 1954, But the legislators, the deputy speaker and the chief whip do not have this privilege. Their claims have to be certified by a government doctor not below the rank of a Civil Assistant Surgeon. (Earlier a Civil Surgeon had to certify the bill.) About the expenditure for treatment abroad, the Act states that "it is not possible to assess the exact expenditure in this behalf, as it connot be anticipated as to how many will avail of this concession...". In- cidentally, two ministers, Mahipal Reddy and R Rajagopal Reddy, have already availed of this concession recently besides, of course, the Chief Minister himself.

MAHARASHTRA-Social Basis of Sharing Irrigation Water-Central Issue in Well-being of Poor

 MAHARASHTRA Social Basis of Sharing Irrigation Water Central Issue in Well-being of Poor M D Sathe MAHARASHTRA is split up in two segments, separate and unequal. One is Bombay-Pune industrial zone (35 per cent) and the other is the rest of rural Maharashtra (65 per cent). In the latter again since the Sixties a small island of prosperity has come up around the canal based flow irrigation coupled with sugarcane cultivation and sugar co-operatives. The entire politics of Maharashtra revolves around this institutionalised power axis and the rest of rural Maharashtra is really held as a hostage. Thus the nature of conflict is essentially rural and unrelated to the over-developed urban Bombay metropolis.

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