ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Delhi Textile Strike-Implications of Linking Wages to Productivity

Implications of Linking Wages to Productivity Sharat G Lin Following the precedents in Bombay and Coimbatore, the Delhi textile strike has once again raised the issue of linking wages to productivity. In practice the major impact of such provisions is not to increase production through incentives to workers, but rather to enable management to rationalise reductions in workforce in order to reduce the man-machine ratio. Unlike in Tamil Nadu where labour productivity in the cotton textile industry is rising, in Delhi it is decisively declining. This means that if present trends continue and wages are linked to productivity, real wages may be expected to decline in Delhi. This is only a part of the broader dilemmas faced by a dying industry.

Health Information Systems in India

S K Sanyal The efficiency of any information system depends on a correct assessment of data requirements based on an appraisal of the demands made by individual users and on the methodologies adopted in collection of data, Health is a resultant of a multiplicity of factors and these put great demands on the information system that could be visualised for the health sector ft not only implies a wide base of information with inter-sectoral linkages, but a close monitoring of the progress made in the improvement of the health status. The paper outlines a framework of an information system for assessing and monitoring the level of health.

Productivity and Monetary Incentives-Indian Experience

Indian Experience Subratesh Ghosh Since the sixties there has been widespread controversy, based on studies conducted mostly in the advanced industrial countries of the west, on the role of monetary incentives in motivating workers to better work efforts and consequently raising productivity This paper examines the role of money as an incentive to work performance in India, which is taken as a representative case of the overpopulated developing economies in the third world.

Commercial Capital and Agrarian Relations-A Study of Guntur Tobacco Economy

A Study of Guntur Tobacco Economy Nata Duvvury This paper discusses the dynamics of tobacco cultivation and trade in Guntur region. Flue-cured Virginia tobacco was introduced in India by a subsidiary of the British American Tobacco Company, the leading cigarette conglomerate In the initial phase, the company closely supervised and controlled cultivation. This control was achieved by its monopoly of the new technology and a system of contracts between the company and the cultivators. The author examines the impact of the new crop on the agrarian structure

Theories of Unequal Exchange-A Critique of Emmanuel and Amin

A Critique of Emmanuel and Amin Nirmal Kumar Chandra The theory of unequal exchange, the author argues, is quite unsound and does not advance our knowledge of why the economic distance between the North and most countries in the South is increasing with the passage of time. The writings of Arghiri Emmanuel or Samir Amin do contain many useful insights that serious students of economic developments can hardly afford to miss. Their main fault lies, however, in constructing a simplistic theory with an extremely small number of variables and quantifying them in a manner that suits the theory rather than the facts; they hardly realise that the variables properly estimated could often stand the theory on its head.

Constraints on the Development of a Land

Market in Meghalaya M K Sukumaran Nair In large parts of India the penetration of colonial markets and the emerging bourgeois property relations have led to extensive alienation of tribal lands reducing the tribal people to wage labour. In the north east however, more particularly in Meghalaya, the traditional kinship-based land relations have largely been preserved. Even though private ownership has emerged to some extent, especially in urban and semi-urban areas, only comparatively rarely does land appear to be acquired or disposed of through purchase or sale. The paper looks at the precise nature of this process of preservation of traditional land relations as they have unfolded in Meghalaya.

Risk Benefits, Crop Insurance, and Dryland Agriculture

Dryland Agriculture T S Walker R P Singh M Asokan Participation by farmers in voluntary, public-sector crop insurance programmes has historically been low. We analyse one important determinant of farmers' participation

Growth of Labour Productivity in Indian Agriculture-Regional Dimensions

in Indian Agriculture Regional Dimensions S Mahendra Dev This paper examines the growth of labour productivity in agriculture during the period between the triennia 1962-65 and 1975-78 at the level of all-India and for 56 agro-climatic regions and the contributions of yield, cropping intensity and land-labour ratio to the increase/decrease of labour productivity in each of these agro- climatic regions. Finally, the author discusses the association between the level of labour productivity in agriculture and rural poverty.

Land Reforms in India An Analysis

D Bandyopadhyay The Sixth Five-Year Plan had indicated a time-frame for completing various tasks under land reforms. Legisla- tion for conferment of ownership rights on tenants was to be enacted by 1981-82. The programme for taking over possession and distribution of ceiling surplus land was to have been completed by 1982-83. Both these tasks still remain unachieved.

From Prosperity to Retrogression-Indian Cultivators during the 1970s

Indian Cultivators during the 1970s Dalip S Swamy Ashok Gulati The net income of the Indian farmer has been continuously falling since 1971. This is primarily accounted for by adverse price movements. There has been an erosion of price margin over cost. Paradoxically the faster growing non-agricultural sector is able to sustain a higher rate of price increase year after year. This deterioration in the inter-sectoral terms of trade has resulted in the immuniseration of farmers in India.

Growth of Productivity in Indian Agriculture-Some Unfinished Components of Dharm Narain s Work

Some Unfinished Components of Dharm Narain's Work C G Ranade In his pioneering article on the sources of growth of agricultural productivity during 1952-53 to 1972-73 in India, the late Dharm Narain had shown that in the period prior to the Green Revolution, the locational shift of crops had significantly contributed to growth along with the cropping pattern effect, while in the latter period it was the pure yield effect which was mainly responsible for growth. There are, however, anomalies in the data used by him. With the data corrected for the anomalies one gets an exactly opposite result. An extension of his work for the period upto 1982-83 suggests that locational shifts in fact became important in the post-Green Revolution period as area under short duration rice varieties expanded in Punjab and Haryana.

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