ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Rural Development Programmes-A Management Approach

A Management Approach S K Barua Gurdev Singh S P Seetharaman In this paper, the authors describe how an enterprise oriented rural development programme is implemented by taking the poultry development programme as an illustration. The root cause of failures is not the choice of the programme but poor implementation strategy Introduction PLANNERS consider certain features as essential while screening programmes for inclusion in the portfolio of rural development programmes (RDP): favourable labour capital ratio (labour intensive), footloose nature of activities, adaptability of the programme to backward regions, and compatibility of programmes with socially and economically backward people. Once any RDP meets more than one of these criteria, several concessions and subsidies are offered to make the programme attractive. Additional concessions are offered to make it suitable to weaker sections like scheduled castes and tribes living in remote areas. RDPs are generally implemented through existing co-operatives, government departments, government corporations, or by forming new co-operatives.

Microcomputers in District Administration-Need for a Policy Approach

Need for a Policy Approach Mukul Sanwal Microcomputers have a revolutionary potential in district administration, because they will facilitate the institutional changes needed by the new paradigm The requirements of developing human resources-catering to large numbers of clients who are geographically dispersed with a variety of programmes

MAHARASHTRA- Of Sand and King Bali

MAHARASHTRA Of Sand and King Bali Gail Omvedt WHO would have thought that a few thousand cubic metres of sand from a dried up river would turn into a focus of confrontation between peasants and the state?

Inter-Departmental Dynamics-Relations between Four State Government Departments at the District Level

Relations between Four State Government Departments at the District Level Anil Chaturvedi An understanding of the dynamics that exist between organisations becomes a fruitful area of study because it assists not only in the development of inter-agency systems, structures, plans, and attitudes that promote cooperation and a sense of unified purpose, but also in examining a fundamental question, namely, whether such agencies should be created in the form in which they are or whether a different logic should be used in their creation.

Aspects of Demographic Change and the Malabar Agrarian Economy, 1871-1921

This article is a preliminary attempt at identifying some of the linkages between (a) different demographic processes and (b) between demographic and economic phenomena in rural Malabar during the fifty-year period beginning 1871. By focusing on the demographic-economic linkages the author tries to relate the discussion to the larger debate regarding the status of demography in historical explanations of change.

An Early British Government Initiative in the Genesis of Indian Planning

While the idea of planning emerged as central to Indian nationalist economic thought only after the election of 1937, economic planning was a known concept to Indian thinkers in early twentieth century. Gokhale in 1903 and K T Shah and Visvesvaraya in the early twenties had stressed the importance of economic planning. In the early years of the thirties, people like Visvesvaraya, Mitter, Birla and Sarkar were enthused by the de facto recognition by the British rulers of the Indian demand for a positive role of the state in organising the socioeconomic development of the country This allowed them to formulate blueprints of plans and appeal to the colonial regime to implement them.

Surplus, Accumulation and Growth

History of economic thought has been marked by both continuity and change. Insofar as economics as a discipline is not concerned with an undifferentiated and unhistorical reality, change is to be expected. It is the continuity- change combination which is a matter of interest and is indicative of the fact that the core of bourgeois thought is essentially ahistoric. The intermeshing of continuity and change in varying proportions has often had a retrogressive effect and the so-called 'revolutions

AUSTRIA-Shadows from the Past

would have the blessings of the awam, the janata. The movement lasted just a few days and they fizzled out. Even the charismatic and popular Benazir Bhutto was not able to keep her cadre involved in the movement. The end result was 37 dead including ten army personnel. Of the remaining 27, six died in Lahore and one presumes that the rest died in Sind. Thus 27 dead, who were from the a warn, were not enough to raise the passion of the democracy-seekers to keep their struggle going. On the other hand, just one Mohajir killed by a speeding minibus driven by a Pakhtun, can result in ethnic clashes which disrupt a city of seven million for at least a week.

Intersectoral Terms of Trade in India-A Study of Concept and Method

A Study of Concept and Method Nalini Vittal The issues of inter-sectoral terms of trade are issues of political economy. To equate them with endless calculations is to deflect the debate. To use these calculations to argue for an arbitrary 'equivalence' is based on a complete misunderstanding of the role of agriculture within the economy. Development implies a faster rate of growth of the non-agricultural sector, and to press for a mathematical parity, and that through higher agricultural prices, is to make nonsense of a critical issue. Further, the author attempts to show in this paper, the entire exercise is faulty purely in terms of its arithmetic.

PAKISTAN-Ethnicity and Democracy

Ethnicity and Democracy ON September 18 this year, Shia Muslims were mourning the death of their Imam Hussian who along with seventy of his family members was killed in Karbala in Iraq many centuries ago. On that day, the tenth of Muharram, processions are taken out by the Shia community in all the large and small cities of this country. This particular year, the majority Sunni Muslims of Pakistan are said to have attacked the Shia processionists in various cities all over the Punjab. The result was that in Leiah four people were killed; in Multan one was killed; in Bahawalpur one, and in Lahore three were killed and at least.60 were injured. In Dera Ismail Khan an armed clash between the Shias and Sunnis took place which resulted in injuries to seven individuals. The army had to be called out in these cities of the Punjab and curfew was imposed for many days in Lahore and in Dera Ismail Khan.

A Scheme for Defining of Agriculture Regions in West Bengal by Cluster Analysis

in West Bengal by Cluster Analysis Snigdha Chakrabarti This paper considers fifteen of the sixteen districts of West Bengal where there is agricultural activity and poses the problem of how to combine them into a certain number of groups. The need for such a grouping has long been felt by planning authorities in the country for regional planning at the level of a geographical unit smaller than the state but bigger than the district.

Farmers Organisation in Large Irrigation Projects

Farmers' Organisation in Large Irrigation Projects Niranjan Pant The paper advocates the necessity of farmers' organisation at the watercourse level in large irrigation projects in India. The Utility of such an organisation is evidenced in the findings of the scholars all over the world. Despite various government pronouncements about the necessity of farmers' organisation, they are in a state of infancy in India. The relevant issues concerning farmers1 organisation which are required to be resolved before such organisations are built in to the irrigation projects are as follows: I) The Role of the Government/the Agency 2) Farmers' participation: before or after OFD Works 3) Single versus multi functions 4) One tier versus multi tier 5) Village based versus channel based 6) Lesions from indigenous systems. The paper outlines the factors contributing to the success of such an organisation. The factors deduced from a successful case of farmers' organisation studied by us earlier are: i) Good leadership; ii) Adequate and reliable water supply; iii) Greater interaction between the officials and the farmers; iv) Easy unanimity among group members; v) Inducement from the government/the agency; and vi) Legitimacy of the organisation.


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