ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Microelectronics for Small-Scale Production

A S Bhalla The problems of small-scale production and industrialisation in the past have been manifold: tack of local purchasing power, inadequate credit facilities, poor infrastructure and ill-equipped local institutions, etc. These handicaps coupled with competition from large-scale mass production of goods has kept decentralised production in check.

Public Enterprises in India-If Not for Profit Then for What

If Not for Profit Then for What? Prajapati Trivedi Public enterprises should not be evaluated on the basis of the same criteria as private enterprises, though, like private enterprises, they must be evaluated.

Bureaucracy and Development

Satya Deva The theory of bureaucracy suffers from contradictions and has reached an impasse, Weber's contribution lies, not in discovering the characteristics of bureaucracy, since these were mentioned by Kautilya and Hegel before him, but in legitimising it, in the face of Marx's criticism, on the ground of its rationality, indicated chiefly by its use of specialised knowledge. However, he confuses between specialisation of function and specialisation of knowledge, and fails to realise the significance of the fact that generalist administrators are given higher status and emoluments than specialists. He also tries to ignore the fact that bureaucratisation involves exploitation and alienation, which interfere with the utilisation and growth of science and technology.

Birds in a Cage-Changes in Bengali Social Life as Recorded in Autobiographies by Women

Changes in Bengali Social Life as Recorded in Autobiographies by Women Srabashi Ghosh "Birds in a Cage", that is how Rasasundari, a self-taught lady and the first Bengali autobiographer described the condition of women in her book published in 1876. The autobiography of Manikuntala, a front-ranking leader of the undivided Communist Party, was published in 1982. In between we find quite a few autobiographies written by Bengali women. Their accounts span the better part of two centuries.

Feminism in a Traditional Society

Feminism in a Traditional Society? Feminism in a Traditional Society: Women of the Manipur Valley by Manjusri Chaki-Sircar; Vikas Publishing House, New Delhi, 1984; pp xiii + 247, Rs 150.

Language and Power-Cross-Sex Communicative Strategies in Hindi and Indian English

Cross-Sex Communicative Strategies in Hindi and Indian English Tamara Valentine Understanding the strategies and patterns in cross-sex conversations can offer insight and help clarify some of the many problems of discourse in societies today. Such research can show how the social diversity and variation, not only in terms of varied gender, but ethnicity age, social class, etc, affect conversational management and can provide insight into the processes of discourse in heterogeneous communities such as those of varied gender, age, social status as well as of different languages.

Women s Role in Tebhaga Movement

Peter Custers The Tebhaga movement erupted in 1946 in Bengal on the eve of the withdrawal of the British. Although the tide of Tebhaga receded as fast as it rose, the uprising stands out as one of the most important political events in twentieth century Bengal. Among the unique features of the movement is the large-scale participation of women on par with men. The landless and poor peasant women formed fighting troops called nari bahini and took a front rank role in defending the gains of the movement and in countering the repression of the state.

Gender in Economics-The Indian Experience

he recognition of the possibilities of bias, ought in a truly scientific endeavour, lead to corrective measures. However, when the dominant perspectives themselves are not free from that bias, both the recognition and the correction do not take place. The dominant perspective reflects the inherent power base that leads to that dominance.

Research on Women and Career-Issues of Methodology

Until the seventies university research on women was almost exclusively focused on the educated employed women. Subsequently while research on poor women became more innovative, highlighting class and gender linkages, studies on educated women were relatively sterile yielding little by way of either new methodology or insight A major reason for this lies in the uncritical imitation of the Western theoretical model of sex roles and role conflicts.

Agricultural Growth in India-A Review of Experiences and Prospects

A Review of Experiences and Prospects V M Rao R S Deshpande While the agricultural sector has witnessed some startling breakthroughs, doubts are now being expressed whether the growth is fast enough and sustained enough to carry the economy through the next few critical decades. This paper examines the shifts in the sources of growth since the sixties from area increase to improvements in yields; growth in irrigation and in the use of modern inputs; and takes a brief look at the recent changes in the agriculture's terms of trade. Against this background the authors pose the complex question of the relationship between agricultural growth and the welfare of the rural masses and identify three major frontiers which need to be crossed to push agricultural growth beyond its present limits.

Credit Markets in Rural South India

M J Bhende This study analyses aspects of rural financial markets in three villages of three agroclimatic zones of peninsular South India. In the Andhra Pradesh village private moneylenders are an important source of credit, whereas in the Maharashtra village co-operative societies and land development banks play an important role. Institutional credit is concentrated in the richer households having large farm and family size, and headed by more educated, older heads. On the other hand, those households who farmed more land but were less educated, and had fewer livestock and more irrigated area relied more heavily on informal credit. Borrowers usually succeed in diverting credit from the stipulated purpose to others. The largest defaulters are those households who have borrowed most from institutional sources. Relatively, households with larger families and higher dependencv ratios are more care to default.

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