ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Domestic Terms of Trade and Their Effect on Supply and Demand of Agricultural Sector

Domestic Terms of Trade and Their Effect on Supply and Demand of Agricultural Sector D S Tyagi Both the issues, viz, (i) whether the terms of trade have moved against or in favour of agricultural sector, and (ii) whether the changes in terms of trade have effected the rate of growth of Indian agriculture have been debated at length. This paper focuses on (a) how the terms of trade between agricultural and non-agricultural sectors have moved since early fifties, (b) what has been the impact of adverse or favourable terms of trade on the rate of growth of agricultural output in different periods, and (c) what has been the impact of movement of terms of trade on demand for non-agricultural commodities by the agricultural sector The analysis leads to the con- elusion that movement of net barter terms of trade can have significant impact on the pace of investment in the agricultural sector as well as on the rate of growth of agricultural output. However, the impact of terms of trade turning adverse to the agricultural sector on the growth of investment in agriculture and on its output can be neutralised, to a great extent, through technological developments.

Food vs Limbs-Pesticides and Physical Disability in India

Pesticides and Physical Disability in India Dinesh Mohan Policies in India regarding pesticide import, manufacture and use have shown a callous disregard for the health of the people. The article is a report of a study investigating the relationship between pesticides and physical disabilities in India.

Further Evidence on the Impact of Dairy Development Programme

Development Programme B Bowonder B Das Gupta Sanjeev Gupta S S R Prasad The impact of dairy development on nutrition and income has been a matter of great interest to policy-makers. At the same time it has been a subject of fierce controversy both in popular press as well as academic journals. The proponents of the dairy development programme feel that such. activity does indeed raise the level of income and hence, the nutrition of the rural poor As such the dairy development programme needs to be encouraged through positive government policy. In contrast its critics assert that spread of dairying in rural areas is leading to transfer of items of nutrition from the rural poor to the well-to-do in the urban areas. Even otherwise the contribution of dairy development programmes to incomes in rural areas is marginal.

Microcomputers in District Administration-Need for a Policy Approach

Need for a Policy Approach Mukul Sanwal Microcomputers have a revolutionary potential in district administration, because they will facilitate the institutional changes needed by the new paradigm The requirements of developing human resources-catering to large numbers of clients who are geographically dispersed with a variety of programmes

MAHARASHTRA- Of Sand and King Bali

MAHARASHTRA Of Sand and King Bali Gail Omvedt WHO would have thought that a few thousand cubic metres of sand from a dried up river would turn into a focus of confrontation between peasants and the state?

Inter-Departmental Dynamics-Relations between Four State Government Departments at the District Level

Relations between Four State Government Departments at the District Level Anil Chaturvedi An understanding of the dynamics that exist between organisations becomes a fruitful area of study because it assists not only in the development of inter-agency systems, structures, plans, and attitudes that promote cooperation and a sense of unified purpose, but also in examining a fundamental question, namely, whether such agencies should be created in the form in which they are or whether a different logic should be used in their creation.

Some Management Aspects of Indian Planning in Retrospect and Prospect

Some Management Aspects of Indian Planning in Retrospect and Prospect S IN Chary Vinod Vyasulu This paper is in two parts. Part I looks at the 'Retrospect' aspect of Indian planning, especially our experience in the implementation of projects under the plans and seeks to find a partial explanation here for the adverse capital-output ratio reported by several scholars.

Let the Workers Own and Manage

V M Dandekar It will be wrong to reject employee stock ownership simply because the idea has come from the governments and spokesmen of liberal capitalism and because, if accepted, it may make it easier for capitalism to manage its crises better and survive. The relevant question to ask is whether if capitalism transforms itself and survives in a new form in which the means of production are owned by the workers, will it be better or worse for labour than if capitalism continues in its present antagonistic form.

Crisis of Modern Science-A Conference Report

Crisis of Modern Science Crisis of Modern Science preferred to divide the world into modem and traditional, rather than first world and third world, categories which he felt were A Conference Report created by the first and second world. Traditional science was different from modern K S science in that it claims to make men free THE conference organised by the Consumers Association of Penang (CAP) at the end of November in Penang, Malaysia, was ostensibly intended as a discussion on the crisis in modern science, the stated theme of the conference. In fact it turned out to be a platform for a whole range of advocates of traditional and indigenous sciences.

Rural Development Programmes-A Management Approach

A Management Approach S K Barua Gurdev Singh S P Seetharaman In this paper, the authors describe how an enterprise oriented rural development programme is implemented by taking the poultry development programme as an illustration. The root cause of failures is not the choice of the programme but poor implementation strategy Introduction PLANNERS consider certain features as essential while screening programmes for inclusion in the portfolio of rural development programmes (RDP): favourable labour capital ratio (labour intensive), footloose nature of activities, adaptability of the programme to backward regions, and compatibility of programmes with socially and economically backward people. Once any RDP meets more than one of these criteria, several concessions and subsidies are offered to make the programme attractive. Additional concessions are offered to make it suitable to weaker sections like scheduled castes and tribes living in remote areas. RDPs are generally implemented through existing co-operatives, government departments, government corporations, or by forming new co-operatives.

Aspects of Demographic Change and the Malabar Agrarian Economy, 1871-1921

This article is a preliminary attempt at identifying some of the linkages between (a) different demographic processes and (b) between demographic and economic phenomena in rural Malabar during the fifty-year period beginning 1871. By focusing on the demographic-economic linkages the author tries to relate the discussion to the larger debate regarding the status of demography in historical explanations of change.

An Early British Government Initiative in the Genesis of Indian Planning

While the idea of planning emerged as central to Indian nationalist economic thought only after the election of 1937, economic planning was a known concept to Indian thinkers in early twentieth century. Gokhale in 1903 and K T Shah and Visvesvaraya in the early twenties had stressed the importance of economic planning. In the early years of the thirties, people like Visvesvaraya, Mitter, Birla and Sarkar were enthused by the de facto recognition by the British rulers of the Indian demand for a positive role of the state in organising the socioeconomic development of the country This allowed them to formulate blueprints of plans and appeal to the colonial regime to implement them.

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