ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Small-Scale Chemical Industry in Gujarat-Structure, Conduct and Performance

This is an empirical study based on the primary data from a sample of 208 small-scale chemical units in Gujarat for the years 1986 through 1990. The details on the various dimensions of the structure, conduct and performance are presented and the nexus among them is examined. The findings suggest no unique relationship among structure, conduct and performance. However, each of middle age, partnership form of organisation and location in Barodal Ahmedabad districts has, in general, proved a beneficial structural feature from the point of view of performance.

Co-opting Culture-Managerialism in Age of Consumer Capitalism

Managerialism in Age of Consumer Capitalism A R Vasavi Culture and cultural variations have recently become key issues in business management This recognition of culture has become imperative as global transnational capitalism penetrates and seeks legitimacy in areas of vast cultural diversity. But business management is gaze at culture will be predominantly in terms of seeing cultural diversity as market opportunity and in integrating cultural sensitivity in order to diffuse hostility to capitalism. In co-opting culture business management will negate the capacity of culture to mobilise sentiments against the discontents of capitalism.

Elasticity of Labour Productivity in Indian Manufacturing

in Indian Manufacturing M Upender With a view to generate empirical information, an attempt is made in this paper to estimate the elasticity of labour productivity so as to find the substitution possibilities of labour for capital in the Indian manufacturing sector covering the period 1973-74 to 1989-90. The results of this exercise show that Indian manufacturing (factory) sector is capital intensive and is operating under decreasing returns to scale. The elasticity of labour productivity is found to be significantly more than unity implying that substitution possibilities in favour of labour are quite high. Therefore there is need to redirect the Indian manufacturing sector towards greater use of labour intensive technology until the marginal productivity of labour is equal to marginal wage rate.

Market Resurgence, Deregulation, and Industrial Response-Indian Cotton Textiles in 1990s

The cotton mill industry in India suffered sustained low profitability from the 1970s until recently, usually attributed to stagnation in home demand for cotton cloth, labour market segmentation and unfriendly policies. Since about 1987, deregulation and liberalisation eased some of these problems, with the result that average profits and investment rates have improved, though the extent and nature of the revival continue to be influenced by structural constraints such as labour-market segmentation and shortage of resources.

Marketing and Selling in India in the Year 2000

Rajendra H Aneja The Indian market is undergoing a significant metamorphosis due to the opening of the economy. Consumption of goods is now perceived as a prime mover of economic 'growth and the dematid for new consumer products is not confined to the cities and large towns. The improved reach of the media, which affords new opportunities for advertising products, is also fuelling the demand for consumer products. Tapping this scattered potential market will be the critical challenge for most corporations in the coming ; ears.

Measurement of Capital Stock in Indian Industries

Indian Industries Bibekananda Raychaudhuri Absence of a proper estimate of net fixed capital stock has drastically reduced the usefulness of various economic studies. Rate of profit calculations based on capital stock estimates at historical prices are simply meaningless. A proper estimate is necessary to calculate important economic indicators like various productivity estimates, rate of profit, capital intensity, capital-output ratio, etc.

Modern Small Industry in Karnataka-Growth and Structure

Growth and Structure A V Arun Kumar This article looks at the regional spread of small-scale units in Karnataka, changes in the industrial structure and the effect of the state's promotional policies on the growth of the small-sector. Some disturbing trends are observable, and corrective measures need to he taken.

Small-Scale Sector Myth and Reality

Chandra Poojary M This paper considers the erstwhile policies of the central and state governments with regard to the promotion of small-scale industries. The failures of these promotional programmes has indeed given a fillip to the liberalisation slogan. That, all the more, is the reason why we should go back on all that and see what was projected and what went wrong. This paper outlines the quantitative and qualitative aspects of the plan for the promotion of small-scale industries as it was taken up in the district of Dakshina Kannada in Karnataka.

Beyond Conventions-New R and D and Its Organisational Policy Implications

New R and D and Its Organisational/Policy Implications Steve Onyeiwu The conventional perception of R and D as an activity whose mam objective is the generation of new products and processes has influenced the ways in which R and D is currently conducted. For instance, more R and D is conducted in business enterprises than in public R and D institutes and universities; and R and D projects are assessed in terms of their potential economic returns rather than on 'non-instrumental' criteria. R and D is much more than the generation of new products and processes. It is also a potent mechanism for exploiting and assimilating external knowledge. As a technological learning device, it enables firms to keep track of developments within an industry, and hence allows them to retain their core competencies. During periods of technological discontinuities, R and D enables firms to 'leapfrog' into new technological paradigms. This broader view of R and D has numerous organisational and policy implications.

Cart-Efficiency of Small Manufacturing Enterprises-Implications for Employment Policy

Cart-Efficiency of Small Manufacturing Enterprises Implications for Employment Policy Anuradha Seth An analysis of the relative cost-efficiency of small manufacturing firms for three industries shows that small firms on average are not profitable units of production and have higher costs compared to larger firms. This article elaborates a framework to examine the cost-efficiency of small firms and analyses data for a sample of small and large firms in three industries: diesel engines, leather footwear and PVC pipes.

Ethics and the Indian Manager

R C Sekhar Organisations caught up in the tough world of competitive survival have found it difficult to make their ethical missions congruent with the traditional systems of management controls. The IIMs in India do not have as yet compulsory courses in ethics. This article makes a case for ethics in business, not just as a rhetoric but as a socially useful basis for action.

In the Shadow of Kotris-An Analysis of Wool Markets of Rajasthan

An Analysis of Wool Markets of Rajasthan Sunil Ray The marketing of raw wool in Rajasthan is embedded in multiple exchange relations. Conventions, contractual interlinkages and asymmetry of information are the rules which dictate the process of price formation of raw wool. This continues to happen in spite of government interventions which sought to make changes in the exchange structure by means of controlling the behaviour in the market place.

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