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Peasants and Politics in Malabar

Peasants and Politics in Malabar M Kabir Caste, Nationalism and Communism in South India: Malabar, 1900-1948 by Dilip M Menon; Cambridge University Press, 1994.

On Anthropology of Death

On Anthropology of Death Kumkum Srivastava Vinay Kumar Srivastava Death in Banaras by J P Parry, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994. IN India, as in perhaps other cultures of the world, an overt discussion of the subject of death is almost a taboo. Words for the appurtenances associated with death such as for the funeral pier, the shroud, the ritual ingredients, or the corpse are carefully avoided in everyday speech. Members of certain communities believe that any talk of death, or mention of objects and experiences concerning it, may be dangerous; it may de facto amount to extending death an invitation. Any inadvertent mention, especially by a child, is interpreted as a premonition of sudden death of a kinsfolk. Mating calls of domestic pets and animals such as cats and dogs termed 'cries', 'wails', 'sobs' and 'weeping' are also forewarnings of an impending life crisis, the death. In north Indian villages, sighting a crow in the wee hours is inauspicious as this bird is a harbinger of death. Shops selling 'goods' required for the funeral rites such as ropes, bier, buntings, cloth, straw, are small and unassuming; they never advertise their products and keep a low profile. These shopkeepers' families are generally shunned by neighbours and looked down upon. At the same time, they are under moral pressure not to change their mode of livelihood. They have to 'live off death'.

Crisis of the 1980s and Changing Agenda of Punjab Studies-A Survey of Some Recent Research

'Crisis' of the 1980s and Changing Agenda of 'Punjab Studies' A Survey of Some Recent Research Surinder S Jodhka Despite it having occupied the front page of Indian newspapers for more than a decade, the movement for an independent state of Khalistan has ended without achieving anything in political terms. However, the 'crisis' of the 1980s has had far-reaching implications, both for the people of Punjab and for the Indian polity at large. At another level, it has led to the institutionalisation of 'Punjab Studies' in the global academy.

Economic Reforms Ringside View

Economic Reforms: Ringside View Errol D'Souza Towards Sustainable Growth: Essays in Fiscal and Financial Sector Reforms in India by Raja J Chelliah; Oxford University Press, Delhi, 1996; pp 220, Rs 375.

Preferring the Lie

China's Rise, Russia's Fall: Politics, Economics and Planning in the Transition from Stalinism by Peter Nolan; Macmillan Press, Basingstoke, UK and St Martin's Press, New York, 1995; pp 360 + bibliography.

Low-Down on East Asian Growth

A LARGE number of studies* are constantly coming out which deal with question of economic growth, democracy, role of the state and the market, macro and micro economic/industrial policies, and social, cultural and administrative changes in east Asia (South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore and Philippines) mostly during the post-war era. Quite a few of these books are concerned mainly with the South Korean story.1 Some of these books are edited volumes, covering a wide range of scholarship from both the sides of the pacific. Except the Philippines, the saga of growth of all the other countries has come in for detailed examination from many diverse, including cross-sectional comparative perspectives.

Subaltern and Bhadralok Studies

Subaltern and Bhadralok Studies Ramachandra Guha Subaltern Studies VIII: Essays in Honour of Ranajit Guha edited by David Arnold and David Hardiman; Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 1994; pp 240, Rs 340.

A Marxian Social History beyond the Foucaultian Turn

A Marxian Social History beyond the Foucaultian Turn Sumit Sarkar The London Hanged: Crime and Civil Society in the Eighteenth Century by Peter Linebaugh; Penguin, London,

Unveiling Bhutto

Unveiling Bhutto S Zulfiqar Gilani Zulfi Bhutto of Pakistan: His Life and Times by S Wolpert; Oxford University Press, New York, 1993. ZULFIKAR ALI BHUTTO (January 1928- April 1979) was an enigmatic person. He came from a very well-established Sindhi feudal family but adopted socialism as the platform of his political party. He continually appealed to the masses and brought dignity to the impoverished but also humiliated and trashed anyone who he felt to be crossing his path. He was urbane at one time and a ruthless Sindhi feudal lord at another. The paradoxes of his nature were multiple and complicated [Fallaci 1974; Taseer 1979]. He continues to evoke passion and interest both in the layperson and the scholar. For the interested academic, his life, and death, could be a rich source of information through which to try to understand Pakistani politics and society and/or the enigma of his person. Consequently he has been rather extensively written about. The most recent writings are Syed's The Discourse and Politics of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (1992) and Wolpert's Zulfi Bhutto of Pakistan: His Life and Times (1993).

Panchayat Raj and India s Two Societies

Panchayat Raj and India's Two Societies T V Sathyamurthy New Horizons for West Bengal's Panchayats: A Report for the Government of West Bengal by Nirmal Mukarji and D Bandyopadhyay; Government of West Bengal Publication, Calcutta, pp 69.

Difficulty of Understanding Gandhi

Difficulty of Understanding Gandhi Sudhir Chandra Colonialism/Tradition and Reform: An Analysis of Gandhi's Political Discourse by Bhikhu Parekh; Sage Publications. New Delhi; pp 288. hardback Rs 190. paperback Rs 85.

Assessing India s Political Economy

Assessing India's Political Economy T V Sathyamurthy The Painful Transition: Bourgeois Democracy in India by Achin Vanaik; Verso, London (distributed by TR Publications)

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