ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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For Socialist Freedom-Students Movement in China

For Socialist Freedom Students' Movement in China THE June 4 massacre at Beijing's Tiananmen Square has brutally exposed the fact that there are many Communists in the world today who refuse to see socialism as a preferred path to freedom. For them every opposition within a socialist system is a capitalist sabotage, every dissent is a conspiracy against the Party and every mass challenge is a counter-revolutionary uprising to overthrow the system. Such an obsession which is often justified to save the revolution and build the economy has sometimes actually weakened the socialist system. It has sharply divided the Communist Party and people at large.

Palestine Through History

Transformation of Palestine edited by Ibrahim Abu-Lughod, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 2nd edition, The Birth of Israel

Towards an Art of the People

Towards an Art of the People? Aparna Mahanta Selected Stories by Manik Bandyopadhyay; edited and introduced by Malini Bhattacharya; Thema, Calcutta, 1988.

The Great Depression Revisited

Lawrence Lifschultz The Great Depression: Delayed Recovery and Economic Change in America 1929-39 by Michael Bernstein; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

State, Nationalism and Class

National and Class Conflict in the Horn of Africa by John Markakis; African Studies Scries 55, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1987; pp 314, $ 44.50 (

How the Bourgeoisie Views Pakistan

How the Bourgeoisie Views Pakistan S Akbar Zaidi FOR anyone who wants to understand how the Pakistani bourgeoisie and dominant classes see Pakistan as a country, Shahid Javed Burki's book Pakistan: A Nation in the Making (Westview/OUP, 1986) is essential reading. Furthermore, if one is interested in the views of the World Bank (where Burki works) on the economy of Pakistan and on the future path this country should take to develop, this book is also highly recommended. If, however, one is interested in finding out the real dynamics, the real forces, and existing reality in Pakistan today, Burki's book is nowhere near the mark and is a major let-down.

The Presidency Banks The Transition

The Presidency Banks: The Transition Arun Kumar Banerji The Evolution of the State Bank of India: Volume I

Studies in Migration

WHO migrate? Why do they do it? What satisfactions or relief from problems in their original homes do they seek in migration? How do they decide where to go? What problems do they face as a result of the migration, which involves for most migrants, leaving the security provided by the family, the community, well-established patterns of work and of economic and social relationships, to live and work in a radically different often harsh and hostile environment and among people most of whom are strangers. For most male migrants to the cities migration involves, in addition, separation from their families for long periods with its attendant loneliness and hardship for both themselves and their families. How, by whom and why are the migrants provided with the information required to take the decision to migrate and to choose the place of migration and the work there. By whom are they assisted in this place in finding a job and a place to live in, and to make the numerous adjustments required for living there. In other words, what are the information and support systems that the migrants seek and find for taking the decisions, mentioned above? Is migration by individuals or by groups? Is it permanent/long-term, temporary/ short-term, seasonal or year-round? What problems do the migrants create in the places of in-migration? What adjustments are required by the older residents of these places at individual, community or government structure levels, to solve or mitigate these problems? What new perceptions, attitudes and patterns of interaction between the migrants and the older residents must evolve so that the two groups can live in peace and harmony, without conflict or tensions?

Economics of Modern Trade Warfare

had adequate and assured irrigation water supplies, fertile, alluvial soils, dynamic, hardworking farmers and well developed physical and social infrastructures. Although the Punjab took an early lead in the revolution and the increase in productivity associated with the green revolution was the maximum in it, the revolution extended also to the irrigated areas of Haryana, western UP and the three canal irrigated districts of western Rajasthan. During the late 1970s and the 1980s, it has spread (and is still spreading) further east to pockets with adequate and assured irrigation, in eastern UP, Bihar and West Bengal, and south into Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. It is the result of the complex of factors mentioned above.

Crop Insurance-The International Experience

The papers in the volume are arranged into three parts for convenience of analysis. The first part discusses issues concerning the demand for insurance while the second is devoted to an analysis of implications of crop insurance for public policy. In the third part details of the experience of the US, Japan and Brazil with respect to crop insurance are presented along with a discussion on the financial and organisational issues concerning the implementation of such schemes. In view of the importance of the issues raised a detailed discussion of the contents of the volume is presented below.

Agricultural Development in Eastern India

Agricultural Development in Eastern India A Vaidyanathan Report of Study Group on Agricultural Strategies for the Eastern Region of India, Planning Commission, Government of India, 1985; pp 45.

Women s Struggle in Pakistan

Women's Struggle in Pakistan Jamil Rashid Women of Pakistan: Two Steps Forward, One Step Back? Zed Press, London; 1987. KHAWAR Mumtaz and Farida Shaheed have written a courageous book of immense importance for the awakening of the men and women of Pakistan. They open their discourse with the bold assertion: The role and status of women are not isolated social phenomena, and women's struggles do not take place in a vacuum. Both are determined, enhanced or impeded by the social political and, economic development of a people's history.

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