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Comprehending Equalities

Comprehending Equalities S Guhan Competing Equalities: Law and the Backward Classes in India by Marc Galanter; Oxford University Press (paperback), 1991; pp xxviii + 625, Rs 95.

Fixing Agricultural Prices Issues and Experiences

Fixing Agricultural Prices: Issues and Experiences V M Rao Agricultural Price' Policy in India by A S Kahlon and D S Tyagi, Allied, Confrontation on Prices THE recent years have witnessed a noticeable rise in the news-worthiness of agricultural prices. They get into headlines either because of farmers' agitations or economises gloomy predictions of spiralling inflation fed by rising food prices or tall promises by the parlies in power

Modernity and Its Victims

Modernity and Its Victims Ravi Sundaram Modernity and the Holocaust by Zygmunt Bauman; Polity Press, Oxford, IN an oft-quoted statement, the late Theodor Adorno once said that it is impossible to write poetry after Auschwitz. For Adorno and many of his generation, social theory could never be the same after the holocaust, the universalist meta-nanatives of western civilisation could not prevent the slaughter of millions in gas chambers. True to his word, Adorno went on to write Negative Dialectics, a trenchant critique of the foundations of western philosophy from Hegel to Heidegger. For a long time Adorno's philosophical tour de force re mained a solitary. .juiry into the relevance of social critique after the holocaust. Historians of the holocaust (and there are many) have tended to focus more on the uniqueness of acts of genocide by the Nazis rather than raise crucial questions on the relevance of the holocaust for modernity.1 This gap is remedied by the publication of Zygmunt Bauman's Modernity and the Holocaust. In the best tradition of critical theory, Bauman refuses to see the holocaust as but the irruption of a pre-modern barbarism on the continuum of history, rather, genocide is a possibility inherent in the civilising process itself. For Bauman the holocaust was "a legitimate resident in the house of modernity" (p 17); it is this statement that is explicated in various chapters of the book.

On the Meretricious Charm of Marxist Orientalism

On the Meretricious Charm of Marxist Orientalism Diptendra Banerjee Materialist Orientalism: Marx, 'Asiatic Mode of Production and India. by Bula Bhadra; Punthi Pustak, Calcutta, 1989; pp xvi + 508, Rs 425.

A Unique Academic Understanding of Politics

A Unique Academic Understanding of Politics T V Sathyamurthy Politics and the People: In Search of a Humane India (in two volumes), 1989; Vol I, pp 250 + x/ix, Rs 250; Vol II, pp 251-535 + xv, Rs 200. Slate against Democracy: In Search of Humane Governance, 1988. Rethinking Development: In Search of Humane Alternatives, 1988. Transformation and Survival: In Search of Humane World Order, 1988. All published by Ajanta Publishers, Delhi.

Nation, Community and Naipauls India

Nation, Community and Naipaul's India Akeel Bilgrami India: A Million Mutinies Now by V S Naipaul; Viking 1991. THE obscurities and passions surrounding the concept of a nation afflict some populations more than others for reasons that are so complex and so entrenched that it seems almost too much to ask for diagnosis, leave alone cure, V S Naipaul, pondering contemporary India in his new book India: A Million Mutinies Now, is not depressed by this fact. And, as one has come to expect from him, does not much bother to make an effort at diagnosis. Instead he offers a series of detailed interviews with persons chosen as typical of some aspiring community or interest group (Muslims, Hindus, Sikhs, Kashmiris, Punjabis, Tamils, women, communists, 'untouchables' ...) and by the end of a long book he expresses a tentative optimism about his ancestral homeland on the ground that at least these passions and these ill-understood issues are being harnessed into political and social momentum

Economics of Perestroika

Economics of Perestroika Amit Bhaduri The Economics of Perestroika by A Vyas and A V Vernikov; Ajanta International, Delhi, 1991; pp 112, Rs 120.

The Colonial City in Its Global Niche

The Colonial City in Its Global Niche Meera Kosambi Urbanism, Colonialism, and the World Economy: Cultural and Spatial Foundations of the World Urban System by Anthony D King; London and New York, Routledge, 1990; pp xii + 185, price not mentioned.

Cultures of a Metropolis

Cultures of a Metropolis Anil Acharya The Parlour and the Streets: Elite and Popular Culture in Nineteenth Century Calcutta by Sumanta Banerjee; Seagull Books, Calcutta, 1989; pp 248, Rs 180.

Calendar of Barbarities

WHEN will our police lock-ups and jails, interrogation centres and torture chambers become museums? Like the Tower of London, or the Auschwitz concentration camp, will they ever be turned into historical monuments for a future generation to help them learn lessons from the past phases of barbarism in the history of human civilisation? The so-called Indian civilisation right now appears to be passing through such a phase of barbarism. Hopefully, a future generation of civilised Indians will teach their children to abhor such acts of barbarity and become better citizens.

Partisan Views on Nizam s Hyderabad

The Seventh Nizam: The Fallen Empire by Zubaida Yazdani with Mary Chrystal; Cambridge University Press, 1985; pp 338. Hyderabad after the Fall edited by Omar Khalidi; Wichits, Kansas 67210, Hyderabad Historical Society, 2462 Dalton Street, 1988; pp 219 (price not stated in either book).

Communalism and Colonial Labour-Experience of Calcutta Jute Mill Workers, 1880-1930

Experience of Calcutta Jute Mill Workers, 1880-1930 Parimal Ghosh This paper attempts to find out to what extent colonialism dominated the milieu of jute mill workers in Calcutta. It is shown that, the two selves of the mill worker

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