ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Review Of Agriculture

Review Of Agriculture
The Ministry of Water Resources is at present engaged in revising the National Water Policy 2002. Instead of trying to make changes in the 2002 Policy, the ministry should put it aside and draft a...
Agricultural education and R&D in India have grown overwhelmingly over the years but funding levels have not kept pace with growth in the number of programmes, institutions, colleges and...
During the 1960s and 1970s there was an intense debate on the observed inverse relationship between farm size and per hectare agricultural productivity in India. It was subsequently argued that the...
The adoption of micro-irrigation projects has resulted in water saving, yield and income enhancement at the farm level. However, the overall impression is that they are capital-intensive and suited...
This is a report on the first-ever census survey conducted on suicides by farmers in the two most affected districts of Punjab, Sangrur and Bhatinda. It tries to arrive at the number of farmer...
Agriculture currently produces only 30% of total income in the Telangana region, but it remains the basis for survival of nearly 78% of the population. During the 53-year period, 1956-2009, Telangana...
Notice of Retraction: The Economic & Political Weekly has retracted the article “Water Harvesting Traditions and the Social Milieu in India: A Second Look,” authored by Shri Krishan ( EPW ,...
While the per capita availability of agricultural land has been decreasing rapidly everywhere in India, this article points out the socio-economic implications of current land use and management...
This study of the performance of agriculture at the state level in India during the post-reform period (1990-93 to 2003-06) and the immediate pre-reform period (1980-83 to 1990-93) shows that the...
Until now the debate on agricultural biotechnology mainly focused on the environmental impact, biosafety issues and intellectual property rights. This paper looks at the nature of commercialised...
India is the largest producer and consumer of pulses in the world. However, pulses production has been stagnant at between 11 and 14 million tonnes over the last two decades. Per capita pulses...
Semi-arid Gujarat has clocked high and steady growth at 9.6% per year in agricultural state domestic product since 1999-2000. What has driven this growth? The Gujarat government has aggressively...
In the context of shrinking crude oil reserves, rising demand and the resultant rise in prices of petroleum, as well as the concerns about global climate change and energy security, bioenergy is...
This paper discusses the various factors that have been identified as responsible for the current global crisis in the availability of food and for the rise in prices of cereals. It argues that the...
The main objective of this study is to assess the overall debt position of the farmers in Punjab and identify the factors affecting their indebtedness. The important policy recommendations that...
There is a paradigm shift in the agricultural research and development policy of developing countries, primarily driven by scarcity of public funds. The countries with a strong research system like...
This paper estimates and compares the paid-out cost of cultivation of wheat in India, the most state-protected crop, during the input subsidy regime of the 1970s and 1980s and after its abolition in...
What can we learn from the process of economic reform in China and India? Does the sequencing of reform and an agriculture-led package matter? What could other developing countries and countries in...
Low cost and low quality electricity for agriculture contributes to erosion of electricity distribution systems and encourages wasteful consumption, even as farmers are increasingly deprived of...
This paper analyses the process of growth of the agrarian economy of West Bengal from 1980-81 to 2002-03. There is a significantly negative trend break in 1992-93, which was the beginning of the...
India's food security depends vitally on wheat and rice production in Punjab, which contributes more than 50 per cent of the central pool of cereal stocks. The sustainability of wheat and rice...
This paper examines credit to agriculture provided by the commercial banks, including regional rural banks, and finds that contrary to the general perception that the credit revival began in 2004,...
Bt cotton, adopted as a solution to curb losses caused by bollworms and to reduce the use of pesticides, successfully brought about a decline in pesticide consumption and expenditure, increase in...
Boro paddy had been the triumph of modern agriculture in rural West Bengal. In the recent past, concern has been expressed about the economic and ecological sustainability of this so-called...
The negative policy on credit for agriculture and other priority sectors, which has been prevalent since the beginning of the post-reform era, has manifested itself in three broad areas: the...
This study attempts to examine the impact that a declining groundwater table has on the farmer's crop response function in Haryana. The paper first summarises the most important causes for depletion...
The sharp deceleration in the growth of the agricultural sector against the background of an impressive growth of the larger economy is widening disparities between the incomes of workers in non-...
Informal groundwater based pump irrigation services markets are an all-pervasive agrarian institution in south Asia but have been criticised for bringing about less than equitable outcomes and...
Despite a number of policy measures in almost all the states, the financial performance of the irrigation sector has been deteriorating over the years because of rising operation and maintenance...
Whether local producers will benefit from trade liberalisation is predicated upon their ability to enter global value chains or production networks of the lead firms. Understanding how these chains...
The efficient use and management of land and water, along with their conservation, are extremely important for the sustainable growth of any economy. This paper addresses the issue of...
The livelihood of more than half of India's working population is involved in agriculture and its allied activities. Despite there being an increase in the quantity of foodgrains being produced...
In order to overcome declining productivity and falling farm incomes in Punjab, the Johl Committee recommended that contract farming be undertaken to reduce costs and provide farmers with better...
This paper looks at trends in the growth of agricultural production in India over the last one and a half decades, identifies factors that affect agricultural growth and analyses constraints that...
Agricultural growth declined in interwar India, intensifying poverty and weakening prospects for industrialisation. Historical scholarship explains poor agricultural growth mainly in terms of adverse...
An examination of the trends in agri-trade for the post-liberalisation period for India shows that agri-imports have grown at almost double the rate of agri-exports. However, due to the initial...
There are wide discrepancies in the available data on estimates of production of fruits and vegetables, fresh (unprocessed) and processed, on the one hand, and their consumption, on the other. The...
Since the nationalisation of banks and the green revolution, institutional credit for agriculture has grown in Punjab. But the growth had not been uniform and in line with the demand for such credit...
Lower yields, rising cost of cultivation, a mounting debt burden and dipping incomes of cultivators have plunged agriculture into a crisis of unprecedented scale, the consequences of which are not...
Data from a survey of groundwater sales between farmers in the upper Papagni watershed in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka suggests that raising the marginal price of electricity to somewhere near its...
Though cotton has been cultivated predominantly in many parts of India, its productivity is one of the lowest in the world mainly due to attacks by pests/insects and low coverage of irrigation...
Globalisation and macroeconomic reforms have induced a number of discernible changes in Indian agriculture, including a greater policy emphasis on high value crop diversification. It has been argued...
The Land Reforms Act in Kerala rendered tenancy invalid and prohibited the creation of future tenancies in the state. But tenancy still exists. It is a consequence of the simultaneous increase in two...
Understanding agricultural risks and the ways of managing it are very crucial in the context of their impact on agricultural production and livelihood of the people, particularly in a water limiting...
During the last several years diversification of agriculture in India towards high value commodities, i e, fruits, vegetables and livestock products, has been proceeding at a fast pace and is...
This paper tests for market integration in 55 wholesale rice markets in India using monthly data over the period January 1970 â?? December 1999. The technique of Gonzalez-Rivera and Helfand (2001) is...
Serious concerns have been raised recently about the long-run sustainability of the productivity effects of green revolution technologies in the light of the decelerating trend in the yield growth of...
Thailand is one of the pioneers in contract farming in Asia. The Thai state has actively promoted this mechanism of agricultural production and marketing coordination since the mid-1980s. This paper...
This paper explores the impact of spectacular agricultural growth on income distribution in rural West Bengal during the 1980s and early 1990s. It is revealed that during 1983 to 1993-94, when...
Often lack of political will is identified as the main reason for the tardy progress in irrigation reforms at the state level. Andhra Pradesh, however, has demonstrated the political will by...
The paper seeks to identify alternate land-use and management strategies to strengthen the livelihood base of poor marginal farmers in the dry forest peripheries of India. Land alienation, soil...
India and Pakistan are moving towards an era of mutual understanding and economic cooperation. East Punjab in India and west Punjab in Pakistan form the core regions of agriculture in these countries...
Have banking sector reforms improved the share of net bank credit to the agricultural sector? Have profit-oriented norms persuaded commercial banks to neglect the agricultural sector? Does the...
That the promise of "free power" to agriculture wins elections was demonstrated in the 2004 elections to Parliament and assemblies (Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra). There is a need to understand why...
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