ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Prevention of Food Adulteration Ineffective Legislation

Ineffective Legislation Anvita Sinha N N Mehrotra THE main objective of food laws is to ensure that the food articles which the public buys should be prepared, packed and stored under sanitary conditions and with such ingredients and such processes so as not to be injurious to the health of people who consume it. In India, during the pre- independence period the Indian Penal code 1860 was expected to take care of noxious food. Along with this, various states had their own laws to overcome the problem of adulteration of food stuffs. This became a problematic job for implementing authorities since different territories in the country were subject to different laws on the same subject. With a view to removing these diversities and loopholes, a central legislation came into force in the form of Prevention of Food Adulteration Act 1954 (PFA Act). Its rules were framed in 1955 and are known as Prevention of Food Adulteration Rules 1955 (PFA Rules). The main objectives of the PFA Act and Rules are to protect the consumer against ill-health caused by adulteration; to restrict and control the use of food additives and to confirm the nutritional standards of the food. These laws are applicable for both kinds of foods whether manufactured indigenously or imported.

NEW DELHI-Shedding Hang-Ups about Self-Reliance New Technology Import Policy

NEW DELHI Shedding Hang-Ups about Self-Reliance New Technology Import Policy BM WHILE the exact conditions and safeguards which have been agreed to for the installation of the supercomputer by the US firms in India remain a closely guarded secret, the union government has taken a -series of decisions in recent weeks to encourage what is called transfer of high technology to India. These decisions may well establish the necessary conditions which will place foreign suppliers of high technology, the multinationals, in a position in which the application of any technology supplied by them to India will be directly managed and regulated by them. This has ominous implications for indigenous R and D for any meaningful absorption, adaptation or development of imported technology, let alone gaining technological self-reliance, now or in the future.

MAHARASHTRA-Business and Politics of Universities

Business and Politics of Universities J V Deshpande AT about the same time that the prime minister was expounding the virtues of the new education policy to the exalted and the appreciative audiences at Santiniketan and at the annual conference of the Indian Science Congress, there was a public display in Maharashtra of another aspect of the government's education policies. Several thousand students of non-recognised institutes running courses in teacher education held massive demonstrations demanding permission to appear for university examinations. In all the states dual control is exercised in the matter of starting and running educational institutes. The university to which a particular educational institute is affiliated is responsible for overseeing that the latter provides to its students proper physical and academic facilities, that it hires properly- qualified faculty, that the faculty in turn imparts the prescribed quantum of instruction and laboratory and field work and that, generally, the students are got ready for the university examinations. If the university is satisfied on this score, it grants 'affiliation* to the institute and allows its students to take the university examination.

DALLI RAJHARA-Reign of Terror by CISF

Reign of Terror by CISF Binayak Sen WHO is in charge of law and order in Dalli Rajhara? The CISF or the district administration? This question has arisen because of a peculiar series of events in Dalli Rajhara in which the CISF has let loose a reign of terror, and have defied all attempts by the collector and SDM to intervene.

WEST BENGAL-Weakening the Working Class

Reign of Terror by CISF Binayak Sen WHO is in charge of law and order in Dalli Rajhara? The CISF or the district administration? This question has arisen because of a peculiar series of events in Dalli Rajhara in which the CISF has let loose a reign of terror, and have defied all attempts by the collector and SDM to intervene.

Socialist Party in East German Politics

January 17, 1987 or expedient to prevent the commission by the company of any offence under this act and may give notice to the local (health) authority, in such form and in such manner as may be prescribed, that it has nominated such director or manager as the person responsible along with the written consent of such director or manager for being so nominated!' The provision to nominate a person may not be sound unless the person is also a partner Owners are the decision makers and they decide all the affairs of the company. However, when food inspector catches them red-handed, they may escape from prosecution since they had nominated a person called the manager (the poor salary-holder) as a nominee.

Who Gains from Drug Policy Liberalisation

Who Gains from Drug Policy Liberalisation? THE manufacture of drugs and the pharmaceuticals was regulated under the rules of Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 which made it necessary for the manufacturers to obtain necessary licences from the state drug control authority only. On May 8, 1952 drugs and pharmaceuticals were put under the first schedule of the Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1952. According to this Act all manufacturers excepting those registered under the District industries Centre (Small Scale Industries) were supposed to apply for registration certificate and industrial approval.' In a meeting of the licensing committee held on November 23, 1953 implication of the term "New Article" was defined and certain parameters for exemption from obtaining such registration certificates were also decided. Between 1953 and 1966 only 17 multinational companies applied for such exemption, all others ignored/Violated the government directives.

The Supreme Court and Its Chief

January 3-10, 1987 The Supreme Court and Its Chief The judge is not a mason, but an architect. There is no ad hocism about a truly great judge. He must be absolutely clear where he is going,

CINEMA-Report to Mother

January 3-10, 1987 and of the social action groups" (emphasis added). This writer puts it to the learned judge: "But we have all seen that if a case threatens important vested interests, the government fights it out" To which he replied, "this may happen sometimes. But only because of the bureaucracy


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