ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Anthropology and Imperialism Revisited

'Anthropology and Imperialism' Revisited Kathleen Gough An article by the author in this journal in the late sixties noted that western anthropologists had neglected the study of imperialism as a world system. The author suggests below that this has been remedied, as various social and political movements catalysed a corpus of social science literature and debate. This article examines demographic and economic indicators to highlight the changing character of developed and less developed capitalist and socialist countries and its significance for social scientists, IN 1967 I wrote a paper, 'New Proposals for Anthropologists', for the Southwestern States Anthropological Association meeting in San Francisco. I couldn't think of a journal in the United States that might be likely to publish it, and it was published in Economic and Political Weekly. Monthly Review republished it in 1968 as 'Anthropology and Imperialism', after which it was translated into several languages and reprinted many times.

Mid-Summer Madness over Human Rights

The heavyweights in our government, the political establishment and the newspaper business prefer to wrap around their cowardice and self-satisfaction a gaudy veil printed with graffiti advertising 'unity of the country', 'national security', 'patriotic responsibility' and xenophobic slogans. It is no wonder that they feel outraged when this precious veil is about to be ripped off by ugly disclosures about how the minions of the Indian state are going about the job of maintaining the 'unity of the country' in Kashmir.

Setting the Record Straight-Stalin, Second World War and Eastern Europe

The tendency to blame Stalin for every conceivable crime of omission and commission is not based on reality. It is in fact a manifestation of an ideological war against communism, against Marxism.

Ozone Depletion Cause and Effects

Ozone Depletion: Cause and Effects Arjun Makhijani Amanda Bickel Annie Makhijani The enormous danger ozone depletion poses to the entire world, as well as the clear feasibility of using other chemicals and processes in place of ozone-depleting chemicals, was recognised in 1987 when countries took the historic step of signing the first international environmental treaty: the Montreal Protocol. Yet, the reduction called for by the protocol, of 50 per cent of 1986 production levels by the year 2000, is seriously inadequate and a complete phase out is needed.

On Democracy, Market and Socialism

On 'Democracy, Market and Socialism' Amartya Sen, in his presidential address to the last annual conference of the Indian Economic Association, seems to posit democracy as the fundamental idea of socialism. Holding that the use of market under socialism is but an instrumental step, he underlines that the two cannot be put at par. While he may be correct in terms of formal logic, this does not really shed any light on the basic problem. In reality, both democracy and market are instrumental to socialism, although certainly of different orders.

Some Reflections on Premature Obituaries of Socialism

Some Reflections on Premature Obituaries of Socialism Pranab Bardhan Socialism today faces the challenge of adjusting to political democracy and market competition without giving up on its basic egalitarian goals. It is imperative for socialist thinkers to devise new institutional mechanisms and adapt old ones to meet the challenge.

Ramjanmabhoomi-Babri Masjid Dispute-The Question of History

Secondly, the very principle that universities should be alike is wrong. There are enormous differences between universities in India, in the quality of teachers, the standard of students, the availability of books and journals, and so on. JNU can and should require its MA students to read much more than Agra University. Of course the standards of Agra University should improve but this can best be done by analysing its own problems and resources; and of course outside help (not just money) should be available.

Autonomy for University Departments

The greatest threat to university autonomy is the University Grants Commission. Its plan is to tighten its own control over university departments by dealing directly with them rather than through the central university body The correct balance of power between the universities and the UGC, as a representative of the government and a major source of funds, has been difficult to achieve even in advanced liberal societies. In India the battle between the universities and the UGC is a very uneven one THE subject of university autonomy evokes strong feelings in anyone involved with universities, from the chairman of the University Grants Commission to members of the university karamcharis unions. Before making some points on autonomy, I wish to describe the functioning of a committee set up by the University Grants Commission to consider the question of autonomy for university departments. If we paid more attention to what actually goes on, perhaps we could prescribe more sensible reforms.

The Tradition of Marxism

The Tradition of Marxism At a time when anything and everything claims the fashionable mantle of Marxism, and so many Marxists are busy revising it out of existence, a certain orthodoxy a commitment to 'Marxism of Karl Marx' is not only in order, it is necessary if one would take the issues of socialist theory and practice seriously We do not set ourselves up against the world in doctrinaire fashion with a new principle: Here is the truth! Here you must kneel! We develop new principles for the world out of the principles of the existing world. .. It is the great advantage of the new movement that we do not seek to anticipate the new world dogmatically, but rather to discover it in the criticism of the old. . . It is not out task to build up the future in advance and to settle all problems for alt time; our task is ruthless criticism of everything that exists, ruthless in the sense that the criticism will not shrink either from its own conclusions or from conflict with the powers that be. , .

Literacy Missions Receding Horizons

Literacy Missions: Receding Horizons I Ramabrahmam In the International Literacy Year India may have the dubious distinction of claiming roughly half of the world's illiterates. Despite the setting up of the National Literacy Mission it may not be possible to avoid this distinction given the severe resource crunch.

Sexual Division of Labour

Sexual Division of Labour DN and GK The division of labour between genders, far from being natural, is ordered by society, and once established acquires the force of law. It is thus forced and not voluntary.

For Socialist Freedom-Students Movement in China

For Socialist Freedom Students' Movement in China THE June 4 massacre at Beijing's Tiananmen Square has brutally exposed the fact that there are many Communists in the world today who refuse to see socialism as a preferred path to freedom. For them every opposition within a socialist system is a capitalist sabotage, every dissent is a conspiracy against the Party and every mass challenge is a counter-revolutionary uprising to overthrow the system. Such an obsession which is often justified to save the revolution and build the economy has sometimes actually weakened the socialist system. It has sharply divided the Communist Party and people at large.

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