ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Reforming Our System of Government

Reforming Our System of Government S R Sen The need for reform of our present system of government so as to make it more stable, responsible and responsive and to alter the trend towards extreme political confrontation can hardly be questioned any more. This article proposes a scheme of reform calling for the amendment of just three Articles of the Constitution

Current Deficit and Its Malcontents-A Consideration in Balance of Payments Adjustment

Macro-economic adjustment to deal with a balance of payments problem such as India faces today embodies in it an inherent inequity: a large number of those who did not benefit from the original import splurge are now called upon to face privation. It is crucial there fore that distributional concerns are not lost sight of as part of the adjustment process.

Electoral System Urgency of Basic Reforms

Electoral System: Urgency of Basic Reforms S R Sen The report of the Committee on Electoral Reforms appointed by the V P Singh government and the four bills introduced in parliament pursuant to the recommendations of the committee have not received the scrutiny they deserve.

Women, Rape and the Left

Biswamoy Pati With the system's terror against women intensifying, it is high time the Left parties debated the issue thoroughly instead of dismissing it as a 'law and order' problem or as distortions of the 'bourgeois' press

Reflections on Birati Rape Cases-Gender Ideology in Bengal

Reflections on Birati Rape Cases Gender Ideology in Bengal Tanika Sarkar If the original socialist critiques of bourgeois decadence also included a critique of modern patriarchy, then by now, and among us, it has become a deferred, almost forgotten connection. While Left organisations do resist features of patriarchal domesticity in their practical work, if official statements continue to formulate problems in bureaucratic, even sexist language, then not only do practical gains go unexploited, they give way to fundamental, theoretical distortions within practice itself An analytical comment on the CPI(M)'s response to the Birati rape case.

On an Aspect of Marxist Method

The difficulties in interpreting the writings of Marx has led to a bewildering variety of forms and a large body of knowledge has been created over the past century and a half. Of necessity Marxism has been ever evolving

Planning Commission as a Constitutional Body

Planning Commission as a Constitutional Body H K Paranjape THE question whether the Planning Commission should be merely a body created by an executive order of the government of India, or it should be established under a statute making use of the relevant constitutional provision in the concurrent list, was debated even before the initial appointment of the commission. The decision in favour of the former alternative was apparently taken mainly on the ground that it was a new experiment which was being undertaken, and therefore such a course would provide the necessary flexibility to facilitate changes and adjustments suggested by experience. As it happens, though 40 years have passed, much experience gained and considerable discussion on the matter conducted, there has been no change in the legal position of the commission. It continues to be a body created under an executive order as originally passed

Muslims in a Multi-Religious Society

had in a letter dated May 7,1979, addressed to Maulana Muhammad Yusuf, president of the Jamate-Islami, stated: "I am pleased to inform you that a formal decision has already been taken with regard to permitting Muslims to say their prayers individually or in a 'jammat' in the mosque attached to archaeological monuments.'' Indira Gandhi refused even to meet a delegation of the Muslim Majlis-e-Mushawarat on this issue. They had to be content to give a memo to P C Sethi on September 5, 1983, At the meeting of the National Integration Council on January 21, 1984 she would not concede this right conferred by statute and conceded by the Janata. She gave the excuse of preservation of monuments. If accepted, this would rule out prayers at all holy places.

Indira Gandhi and Indian Muslims

Indira Gandhi and Indian Muslims A G Noorani No doubt Indira Gandhi's commitment to secularism was genuine as were her commitments to democratic values and to the socialist ideal. But after 1969 Congress split, this ommitment acquired a clear political purpose. Her image as the 'protector' of Muslim interests lingered long after the community had become no more than a vote bank on which she drew freely even while resenting their rights independently of her or her party.

Reservations Experience as Framework of Debate

Reservations: Experience as Framework of Debate Kancha Ilaiah In the ongoing debate on reservations, the long-term impact of these provisions in education at the individual and social level has not received enough attention. A personal account of what it really means to have access to education, only because of reservation, to the individual, the community and to the village society I AM one of those who became a lecturer in Political Science under the BC reserved quota in Osmania University. Given the unwritten laws of patronage and access that determine who gets jobs in our institutions my first class MA. subsequent M Phil and several publications in all-India journals would not have brought me a job but for the reservation. In my university out of 1,200 teachers about 160 became teachers only because of reservations to QBCs, SCs and STs.

Reassessing Trotskys Writings

A R Desai IT was on August 20 fifty years ago that an agent of Stalin, Ramon Mercader, assassinated Trotsky by a blow from an ice-pick. Trotsky died the next day and was buried in Mexico City. Since then the situation has changed considerably in Soviet Union especially recently. Gorbachev's policy of glasnost has generated currents of democra- tisation, wherein Stalin and Stalin's crimes are being attacked on a massive scale and the situation created by Stalinist policies both during his life-time and afterwards are being scrutinised. These forces are transcending national boundaries and are creating conditions which will have a far-reaching impact on the future course of world revolutionary development. Trends and tendencies generated in the Soviet Union are challenging, from different vintage points, the bureaucratic, authoritarian over-centralised Russification in the name of the integration of the fatherland subordinating and inhibiting the Liberationist currents in the various units which formed the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics. The new forces are rapidly discarding one-party totalitarian political structures and have raised many fundamental issues concerning Stalin phenomenon.

Contemporary Relevance of Trotsky

Contemporary Relevance of Trotsky Achin Vanaik If a measured and balanced but nonetheless revolutionary optimism about the future has reasonable foundations for existence then Trotskyism is one of its most rational and powerful pillars.

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