ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Art in the Age of Mechanical and Utsavical Reproduction

Art in the Age of Mechanical and 'Utsav'ical Reproduction G P Deshpande REVIEWING Indira Ganesan's novel The Journey (Knopf, New York in the New York Times Book Review, Mark Dery wrote that her debut was a "symphony for the senses images in clean, economical prose

President and Prime Minister

President and Prime Minister S R Sen Democracy in government has of necessity to have some check and balance provisions, some of which our Constitution had originally provided but which were later subverted by the 42nd and 52nd amendments. This article draws attention to certain important issues on which there is an urgent need to make a formal reference to the Supreme Court.

Ideology and Hegemony in Jharkhand Movement

Jharkhand Movement A L Raj THE Jharkhand movement has acquired the dubious distinction of being one of the oldest movements in the country. Since the formation of Chotanagpur Unnati Samaj in 1920 to the emergence of a so-called United Jharkhand Party in 1991, for the past 70 years the tribals of Chotanagpur and Santhal Parganas have been struggling for separate statehood within the Indian union, it appears, without much success. True, the movement has seen ups and downs, has sent several legislators to both the central and state law making bodies, has become more broad based, etc, but still the Jharkhand state seems to be a distant goal. Today, the Jharkhand movement is divided into several groups and parties and has to struggle hard to maintain its distinct ideology and organisational identity Such a state of affairs within the movement has often been blamed on the character of the tribal leadership, the divide-and-rule policy of the government, the weak pan- tribal consciousness, etc While these and similar other reasons are valid, it is still necessary to explain how these situations have been brought about, what the mechanisms and processes are by which the ethnic consciousness of the tribals and the militancy of the movement have been to a large extent successfully neutralised, and finally how this movement of a subaltern group of communities is being co-opted and accommodated within the structure and ideology of the dominant classes and communities.

Integrating Family Welfare and Development Programmes-Some Organisational Considerations

Integrating Family Welfare and Development Programmes Some Organisational Considerations P Padmanabha THE stabilisation of the population was a prime objective of the First Five-Year Plan and the family planning programme has been the most direct public policy measure initiated by the government of India from the early 50s to reduce the rate of population growth. However, the desired results have still to be achieved. It would be uncharitable to say that the family planning programme has not produced any results. Clearly, the programme has provided massive public information on family planning and had an impact on the growth rate. However, as in the case of most of our development performance, much more could have been done. The reasons for not achieving the desired results are many.

Privatisation and Deregulation

Privatisation and Deregulation Ashok Rudra The author advances two hypotheses and invites their refutation. First, the performance of any industry depends on various factors which do not all get determined by private or public ownership of the means of production. Second, 'abrupt removal of protection is likely to spell disaster for the economy; some amount of protection and regulation is absolutely essential for making industries competitive.

Place of the Modern in Indian Cultural Practice

Place of the Modern in Indian Cultural Practice Gita Kapur World cultures have been ethnicised once again and they are now made to yield batteries of signs that are then reconstituted into an international, or universal culture. Through absent-minded benevolence the centre is maintained serving as it does cultural vested interests, while peripheral initiatives, national, regional, local interventions, seen as culture-specific, are assiduously appropriated for the sake of that higher universal purpose. But even in this overall local and international context of cultural pastiche it is possible to conceive of a counter-practice that resists political reaction based on the prerogative of still living traditions.

Biotechnology Development and Conservation of Biodiversity

Biotechnology Development and Conservation of Biodiversity Vandana Shiva All technological transformation of biodiversity is justified in the language of 'improvement' and increase of 'economic value'. However, 'improvement' and 'value' are not neutral terms. They are contextual and value laden. What is improvement in one context is often regression in another. What is value added from one perspective is value lost from another IN the dominant paradigm, technology is seen as being above society both in its structure and its evolution, in its offering technological fixes, and in its technological determinism. It is seen as a source of solution to problems that lie in society, and is rarely perceived as a source of new social problems. Us course is viewed as being self-determined. In periods of rapid technological transformation, it is assumed that society and people must adjust to that change, instead of technological change adjusting to the social values of equity, sustainability and participation.

Indian National Congress-Its Place in Politics

Indian National Congress Its Place in Politics Anil Nauriya What has been the explicit and implicit first principles underlying the Congress ideological framework in the course of its history? To what extent has there been a nexus between this ideological framework and the politics of the party? And if this nexus has grown feeble or is non-existent, what is the relevance of the BJP's attack on the Congress ideological framework?

Religion and Marxism-Some Theoretical Problems

Religion and Marxism Some Theoretical Problems Shashi Joshi We can locate a powerful spiritual source for Marxism which produced as much fervour to 'save" humanity as any other religion. It also produced the orthodoxy and the will to power, the claims to omnipotence and the intolerance of historically degenerated and ossified religious orders.

20-Point Programme for Strengthening the Economy-Open Letter to Shri Manmohan Singh, Finance Minister

the Economy Open Letter to Shri Manmohan Singh, Finance Minister Government of India (1) Black Money Amnesty it is good to know that in principle it has been accepted by you that the tax evader can deposit his money with National Housing Bank and set back 60%, with 40% going to NHB. It is a concession compared to the normal tax of 68% which an individual as Partner of a firm has to pay and hence is tempted to evade, I personally feel the other schemes that you have offered, namely (a) of gifts from NRIs or (b) gift of foreign currency bonds by NRIs, are likely to become more acceptable in general as the cost of foreign exchange involved is in the range of 15% as per 'havala' rates of dollar which are published in The Economic Times.

Avoidable Tragedy of the Left in India

Avoidable Tragedy of the Left in India Pranab Bardhan The left in India has to pay more serious attention to a long tradition in one part of economics, started by a Marxist economist Oskar Lange, where there have been earnest attempts to combine the agility and flexibility of market processes with the egalitarian goals of public ownership and public control over the distribution of surplus. It is possible to devise institutional mechanisms to cope with the serious incentive and agency problems of public ownership without compromising much on egalitarianism.

Systemic Upheavals and Crises-Lessons for India

Systemic Upheavals and Crises Lessons for India Rajen Harshe In the light of the panorama of events in the socialist as well as the capitalist world India's overall development strategy will require critical appraisal and even reformulation. Only such an exercise will permit India to handle the problems of domestic development by effectively relating its foreign policy to the regional and international environments.

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