ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Quest for Peace from Pre- to Post-Industrial Society

Quest for Peace from Preto Post-Industrial Society S R Sen The Gandhian approach, which has had so far only limited trial and success in the present society, may find a more favourable soil in the more affluent, egalitarian, and educated post-industrial society In particular, one of Gandhi's important teachings, namely, non-violent resistance to evil may be given a useful new orientation.

Quest for Economic Utopia

Quest for Economic Utopia S R Sen In 1976 the noted futurologist, Herman Kahn, published his impressive research study, The Next 200 Years. Progress in the fields of science and technology during the short period of 16 years since Kahn wrote tends to show that his forecasts of the advent of the super-industrial society may not be far off the mark from a purely technological standpoint. But whether some basic economic, social and political factors will not stand in the way still remains an important moot point.

Which Direction and What Atmosphere

Which Direction and What Atmosphere? K S Krishnaswamy The undertakings given by the finance minister to the IMF in his memorandum of June 2, 1992 make it clear that this year will be devoted primarily to halving the growth in money supply and bringing inhation down to 8 per cent or less. The long-standing neglect of education, medical services, rural development and facilities to small-icale industries, combined with the fiscal and monetary squeezes ensure that employment will be more talked about than provided. Import liberalisation and the urge towards globalisation will further enlarge the difference in life-styles between the urban and rural communities.

Human Rights and the Civil War in Yugoslavia-Morality of Liberal Absolutism

Human Rights and the Civil War in Yugoslavia Morality of Liberal Absolutism Robert M Hayden For human rights advocates, Yugoslavia presents a disquieting picture: the assessment of the 'repressive' communist government of ttie 1980s was accurate, but some of the most celebrated of the human rights victims of that time are among the prime actors in authoritarian regimes today.

Kondratieff and Other Cycles in Market, Command and Mixed Economies

Kondratieff and Other Cycles in Market, Command and Mixed Economies S R Sen The relative roles of long-term and short-term economic cycles (or waves or swings) as one causal factor in the economic crisis faced by the US in the early 1930s and by the former Soviet Union in the early 1990s seems to have escaped the attention of analysts.

Ambedkar and the Bhagwat Gita

Ambedkar and the Bhagwat Gita Nalini Pandit According to Ambedkar the Bhagwat Gita is neither a book of religion nor a treatise on philosophy. What the Gita does is to defend certain dogmas of religion on philosophic grounds. It is a philosophic defence of the counter-revolution.

Regulation Theorists and East European Reform Economics

Regulation Theorists and East European Reform Economics Ramnath Narayanswamy A preliminary balance sheet of the works by regulation theorists on centrally planned economies indicates that the contributions made by these theorists towards advancing our understanding of prevailing forms of crises in the former socialist economies of eastern Europe are indeed substantial.

Family Planning in the Nineties-More of the Same

Family Planning in the Nineties More of the Same? THE 1991 Census [GOI 1991] once again revealed an explosive population growth during the decade The population had increased by yet another 160 million; the increase was 137million during 1971-81 and 109 million during 1961-71 [GOI 1989:7]. By all accounts it is an unmitigated disaster for the country. It is a devastating indictment of the family planning programme. The allocation for family planning programme jumped from Rs 6.5 million and Rs 15,0 million during the First (1951-56) and Second (1956-61) Plans to Rs 270 million and Rs 2,858 million during the Third (1961-66) and the Fourth (1969-74) Plans. It was a massive Rs 10,100 million in the Sixth Plan (1980 85) and Rs 32,560 million in the Seventh Plan (1985-90) [GOI 1989b:4). Against these facts the claims of the authorities about the per cent of couples protected and the number of births averted are totally irrelevant, if not plainly mythical.

In Between Paradigms-Perspective on Communication Theory for India

In Between Paradigms Perspective on Communication Theory for India Peggy Mohan Communication Theory was born into an atmosphere of certainty and centralised multinational control, where gleaming end-products of western development would be advertised to the poor as available life-styles, with no reflection about the real factors that had started this pattern of development in the west. So we have to begin on two fronts: one, reviewing our mistakes, and two, opening ourselves up to the natural communicating environment by looking at real situations in natural groups of varying size. Perhaps our admissions and observations will lead to the birth of a new paradigm, where control will give way to consensus, and certainty to an open-ended future of change, renewal and surprise.

Economics of Oligopoly in Oligarchy

In modern economics the analysis of the two polar scenarios of market economy and command economy has been quite thorough. But that cannot be said of the intermediate scenario of 'oligopoly in oligarchy', the basic hypotheses needed for which are more complex.

Budget Bluffs

Budget Bluffs Ashok Rudra While in economic matters our finance minister and his advisers seem to have undergone brain transplantation in America, it is heartening to see that in the matter of delivering sermons they remain true to the hoary tradition of Indian Gurus.

Sustainable Development of Groundwater Resource-Lessons from Junagadh District

Sustainable Development of Groundwater Resource Lessons from Junagadh District Tushaar Shah Introduction AMRAPUR and Husseinabad, two villages in Junagadh district represent the conditions that obtain in much of the coastal belt of Saurashtra which, until a decade ago, was so green and agriculturally prosperous as to be popularly called Mill itagher' (green creeper). Intensive groundwater irrigation with the onset of the modern pumping technologies in the mid-1950s was all along central to this rural prosperity. Under an encouraging government policy which made subsidies and credit freely available for intensive private groundwater development, the installation of wells with diesel engines or electric pumps increased at a rapid pace especially since 1960; in many areas, water loving crops such as sugarcane, banana, fruit orchards, etc, began to replace traditional crops. Three crops a year became quite common with the help of motorised wells. The amount of water lifted from the coastal aquifers between any two monsoons increased over 10-15 times. As a result, by the late 1960s, the fragile coastal groundwater balance began to develop cracks; in some of the uplying areas, such as Amrapur, separated from the sea by a natural ridge, wells began to dry up in late rabi and summer seasons as happens in the hard rock areas of the south-Indian peninsula; more seriously, in low lying areas closer to the sea, large and increasing areas experienced intrusion of sea water into their wells.

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