ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Marx, Colonialism and the Market

Nirmal Kumar Chandra DESPlTE the collapse of the USSR, Marxism remains to this day the only ideology that galvanises countless men and women cutting across the boundaries of nation, race, religion, caste, and even social class or stratum, All other ideologies operate within a narrower space. In popularity, religious fundamenta- lism may outshine Marxism in many parts of the world; hut by its very nature it lacks a universal appeal. And contemporary liberalism, the only rival to Marxism on an international scale, neither has nor needs a mass following.

India s Nuclear Tests-Loss of Moral Stature and Courage

Loss of Moral Stature and Courage Vinay Krishin Gidwani While the economic and political consequences, and underlying logic, of the nuclear tests requite to be critically evaluated, the reasons for dismay at India's 'nuclear turn' are neither economic nor political The real cause for distress is India's toss of moral stature and courage.

Globalisation and Culture

Adam Hochschild A CURIOUS personal experience made me realise for the first time what a powerful force globalisation is. As an American journalist, I was working in 1991 in what was then still the Soviet Union. I spent several days in a town called Omsukchan, in the far north-east corner of Siberia, This was only a few months after the Soviets had removed the last rules restricting where foreigners could travel, and when I got off the airplane at Omsukchan, people told me that I was the first foreign journalist who had ever been there.

Scarce Natural Resources and Language of Security

Language of Security Ramaswamy R Iyer CONFLICT Resolution' has become a favoured subject of study in recent years, In particular, the possibility of conflicts over scarce natural resources has evoked much interest not only in academia but also among 'think tanks', donor agencies, and institutions devoted to strategic or security studies. Many seminars, conferences and ' workshops' have been held on this theme. The purpose of the present article, which is based on a 'presentation' made by the author in one such conference, is to draw attention to the implications of a certain proposition which has gained considerable currency.

Is There an Ethical Basis for Capital Punishment

Is There an Ethical Basis for Capital Punishment? Nalini Rajan A FEW months ago, the Doordarshan's national network featured a talk show on capital punishment. What was remarkable about the discussion was that, except for one well known male academic, the other members of the panel as well as the majority of the audience in the studio were in favour of capital punishment. I would like to examine here the reasons why opposition to this practice is riddled with difficulty.

Women and the Public Domain-Critical Issues for Women Studies

Critical Issues for Women Studies Maithreyi Krishnaraj THREE events of major import have made imperative a re-examining and rethinking of the relationship between women and the public domain, By this I mean more than what is conventionally known as the 'public' arena. There is involved in this our understanding of the state and of appropriate feminist politics to meet feminist goals,These three events pertain to: first, the New Economic Policy which has changed the direction of our economy; second, the uniform civil code controversy which has raised many uncomfortable questions for feminists about religious identity and gender; and the third relates to the debate on reservation of seats for women in the parliament which has supporters and detractors. Implicated in all these three issues are notions of public space and citizen rights.

The End of Globalisation

Jan Breman While the total and swift collapse of the Asian stock exchanges and money markets during the last few months may not spell the undoing of the Asian miracle and the beginning of the end of globalisation, there are signs of a structural shift that amounts to a reassertion of western hegemony.

Are Liberal Foreign Investment Policies Good for India

Policies Good for India? This article examines an empirical regularity with respect to Indian industrial behavior and sets out the implications that fallow from the result derived from the empirical analysis. The analysis explores the exporting behaviour patterns of over 1,000 firms with varying degrees of foreign ownership in India far the years 1088 to 1994, and is principally a cross-section based analysis, Since the 1950s, India fallowed a command-and-contral based economy regime. This regime became exceedingly autarkic, particularly In the 1960s, with negative consequences on her ability to make headway in export markets or to attract foreign investment, Since 1991 an economic policy switch is in progress and there have been moves towards a market-based regime in which foreign capital both on the current account via the generation of export sales as well as on the capital account via foreign investments, is expected to play a big part An empirical examination of the consequences of fallowing, or not realty following as happened in the Indian case, liberal trade policies is absolutely necessary since economic policy-making in India seems to be entirely based on ad hocism and intuition and not on the necessary and vital hard facts.

India and Indonesia-After 50 Years of Independence

India and Indonesia After 50 Years of Independence M S R Manjunatha IT is really amazing that there is so little contact today between India, the giant of south Asia, and Indonesia. Ask an average educated Indian, what he knows about Indonesia, he is more likely to say:

Industrial Geography and Studies on Multinational Corporations

The belated entry of geographers into the field of analysis of international operations of large industrial organisations was initially marked by a stress on individual organisations and regional issues, gradually progressed towards combining structural issues with organisational researches. Interactive approaches and the incorporation of social theory were additions in the process. With the development of a political economy perspective, however, geographical research began to identify the underlying web of economic forces and social relations of the international industrial operations and hence could integrate industrial and development geography.

Whither Studies of Asian Democratisation

Whither Studies of Asian Democratisation? Olle Tornquist While new popular forces are quite successful as single issue pressure groups, or in deepening civil, society and generating social capital within various groups, and sometimes even communities as a whole, at the grass roots level, there is little convergence and little generation of broader issues, perspectives and organisation which may produce wider politics of democratisation in the society at large.

Restoring Autonomy in Management of National Economy

of National Economy S P Shukla THE major task facing us in the economic sphere is to make a determined and concerted bid to restore a measure of autonomy in the management of the national economy. The short interval of the UF rule at the centre has not been able to make significant departures in this direction. There are three important features of the process of the so- called globalisation which need to be highlighted in this connection. Each one of them will have to be countered and resisted, both at the level of the government as well as that of the people, if we wish to restore and preserve our autonomy in economic management.

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