ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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FROM THE CHAIR-Problems and Prospects of Sugar Industry

Problems and Prospects of Sugar Industry DURING the season 1977-78, sugar output has reached a new peak of 64.72 lakh tonnes exceeding even the most optimistic estimates. It reflects an increase as high as 34 per cent in a single year over last year's 48.40 lakh tonnes. Considering the annual installed capacity of about 55 lakh tonnes, the capacity utilisation works out to as high as 120 per cent.


INDUSTRIAL relations in India touched the nadir in 1977-78. A wave of labour unrest swept across the country soon after the end of the Emergency. Both in range and fury, it was unprecedented. Lock-outs, strikes and violence made headlines almost daily in newspapers. One saw, as it were, West Bengal of the 1960s in macrocosm.

End to Full Employment

End to Full Employment ? HAVE the advanced capitalist countries given up full employment as a target? Keith Joseph, Opposition spokesman on industry in Britain and a senior policy adviser to Margaret Thatcher, in a speech which received wide attention declared that "full employment could not be provided by governments. It is not the gift of governments and should not be promised" (The Times, August 25, 1978). Similarly, at the annual meeting of IMF- IBRD held in Washington in September, the industrialised countries viewed the adjustment in balance of payments as their chief policy aim; growth rate or the level of unemployment were of secondary consideration, expected to accommodate themselves to the main aim of balance of payments adjustment The advanced capitalist countries seem to have come to accept high levels of unemployment as a permanent feature. The OECD Secretariat estimates that the present level of unemployment, about 17 million persons in all the countries together, will not diminish if the OECD economies do not grow at more than 4.5 per cent 3 year; at the recommended rates of growth by the IMF or OECD for industrialised countries for the next two years

The Giants and the Giant-Killer

October 14, 1978 in Zambia's presidental poll. An amendment to the Party's constitution carefully framed to keep out three determined rivals for the Presidency (Simon Kapwepwe, Harry Nkumbua and Robert Chiluwe) was introduced in the national council of UNIP and approved with lightning speed. The "mere procedural chore" was over in a few minutes, to the admiration of Kenya's official press. This is held up as a model for Kenya's October 6 conference! In view of the prospect that no incumbent of the Kenyan Presidency is at all likely to have the charisma of Kenyatta, there is speculation that Kenya may have an executive prime minister in the near future. It is on the cards that the President will become more of a ceremonial figure with limited powers and that effective Statical power will be wielded by a Prime Minister.

Art and Internationalism

Somalia. It is against this background that one has to see Carter's effusions in his recent meeting with the Shah and his references to the "strong ties of friendship and political and military responsibility".

Government of Himachal Pradesh-Jindra Lal Commission of Inquiry

of this rift among the Leftist intellectuals to launch an all-out attack on Leftism in general and the growth of Marxist influence in the Indian academic world in particular. The discredited academicians on the other hand are seeking to make use of the anti- communal sentiments of the academic world to protect themselves. After having behaved in the most undemo- cratic faanner all these years they are now masquerading as victims of persecution and suppression of intellectual freedom.

Devaluation of Marxism by Leftist Academicians

Academicians THE controversy over the text-books on Indian history which broke out soon after the new ruling party came to power at the Centre and which has led to debates in newspaper columns and conferences in Delhi and other places, unfolds important lessons for Leftist intellectuals in India. It sheds a murky light not only on the current communal offensive against attempts at a secular interpretation of the past, * also on the intellectual dishonesty opportunist careerism of a section of the so-called Leftist academicians

Economic Realities and the Future of Indian Business

Economic Realities and the Future of Indian Business Daniel Thorner (1) Party, Business, and Government FROM 1947 to 1956 there has been an uninterrupted Congress party regime at the Centre (i e, New Delhi), and in every one of the states, with the single exception of the short-lived Congress- supported Praja-Socialist cabinet of Pattom Thanu Pillai in Travancore- Cochin in 1954.

Spectators to Our Own Acts

to argue that a campaign against the Eurocommunists portraying them as accomplices of the Eastern bloc in suppressing basic human rights is visibly gaining in results and following.

Intellectuals and the Interregnum

Intellectuals and the Interregnum Arun Shourie THE emergency forced us to look at ourselves, as if in a mirror. I would presume that most of us fell a few notches in our self-esteems.

On Propagating Scientific Temper

On Propagating Scientific Temper V Siddhartha THE eighth 'Fundamental Duty' enjoins every citizen 'to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of enquiry and reform'. In November, as the nation was celebrating the birth anniversary of Jawahar- lai Nehru, J V Narlikar of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research delivered the tenth Nehru Memorial Lecture on 'The Role of (the) Scientific Outlook in the Development of Science and Society'. A couple of days later, a group of our leading scientist- administrators talked about Nehru and Science. Shortly afterwards, S Ramaseshan of the National Aeronautical Laboratory spoke in Bangalore on 'Science and the Scientific Temper'. Thus, of late, there has been an upswelling of concern and interest in the matter of the propagation of the 'Scientific Temper in our society. Here I wish to highlight some of the issues that seem to emerge from these and other lectures and discussions and try to derive some of their implications for the propagation of the Scientific Temper in our society and for science teaching in our schools and colleges. In attempting this, I will be quoting rather extensively; not to over-awe the reader with the authority of the originators, but because there is little point in re-phrasing something which has already been well put, merely for the sake of appearing different.


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