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Spectators to Our Own Acts

to argue that a campaign against the Eurocommunists portraying them as accomplices of the Eastern bloc in suppressing basic human rights is visibly gaining in results and following.

Intellectuals and the Interregnum

Intellectuals and the Interregnum Arun Shourie THE emergency forced us to look at ourselves, as if in a mirror. I would presume that most of us fell a few notches in our self-esteems.

On Propagating Scientific Temper

On Propagating Scientific Temper V Siddhartha THE eighth 'Fundamental Duty' enjoins every citizen 'to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of enquiry and reform'. In November, as the nation was celebrating the birth anniversary of Jawahar- lai Nehru, J V Narlikar of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research delivered the tenth Nehru Memorial Lecture on 'The Role of (the) Scientific Outlook in the Development of Science and Society'. A couple of days later, a group of our leading scientist- administrators talked about Nehru and Science. Shortly afterwards, S Ramaseshan of the National Aeronautical Laboratory spoke in Bangalore on 'Science and the Scientific Temper'. Thus, of late, there has been an upswelling of concern and interest in the matter of the propagation of the 'Scientific Temper in our society. Here I wish to highlight some of the issues that seem to emerge from these and other lectures and discussions and try to derive some of their implications for the propagation of the Scientific Temper in our society and for science teaching in our schools and colleges. In attempting this, I will be quoting rather extensively; not to over-awe the reader with the authority of the originators, but because there is little point in re-phrasing something which has already been well put, merely for the sake of appearing different.

How to Live with the Constitution Amendments

How to Live with the Constitution Amendments T R Andhyarujina THE Congress party's opposition to the 43rd Amendment Bill, which was introduced in the Lok Sabha on April 7, 1977, shows that the Janata Party's pledge to repeal the constitutional amendments carried through by the previous government in the 18 months of the Emergency, can not be implemented easily. Though the new government would have the requisite two- thirds majority for the repeal in the Lok Sabha, the Congress commands a near two-thirds majority in the Rajya Sabha and at present also controls more than half the number of state legislatures whose ratification is required for certain kinds of constitutional amendments. Unless dramatic political changes take place in the Rajya Sabha and in the state legislatures, therefore, the chances of the government securing the repeal of the earlier amendments seem dim. What then is to be done with the Amendments until these changes take place?

Art in These Dark Times

Acceptance of socialist ethics is as important as the imposition of socialist economics for the establishment of a socialist society. Within this overall frame of approach, immediate steps will have to be taken to speed up growth

In Due Season

In Due Season Kapurusa HOW easy it is to make money, provided of course the government is on your side. The total production of foodgrains in the country, the authorities claim, is now between 110 and 120 million tonnes. Even were only 40 million tonnes out of this to come to the market, fantastic sums can be made by the trading community through even marginal tinkering with the price. Assume you represent the interests of the trading class, you go into a huddle with a ruling politician

Intermediate Regime, Act II, Scene 1

supply position is sending an official team to various cotton producing countries to arrange |or early imports of the commodity. Financial Express, July 7 Imports of about 55,000 hales of cotton from the USSR are considered a certainty despite the fact that the Russian cotton is costlier by Rs 1,000 to 1,200 a candy than the Indian variety.

Colonial Co-ordinates of Intellectual Life

Colonial Co-ordinates of Intellectual Life Suresh Sharma THE problem of ideas and thought has been traditionally considered to be the exclusive concern of Philosophy

Commodity Earnings Instability-A Modest Proposal

Commodity Earnings Instability A Modest Proposal J D A C IT is no secret these days that commodity prices fluctuate wildly in the face of variations in demand and supply, The great commodity price boom of 1973-74, which caused a run-up in the prices of primary commodities (other than petroleum) exported by the poor countries by 100 per cent, was succeeded by the great commodity price crash of late 1974 and 1975, which by the end of June had knocked close on 37 per cent off the peak prices for these commodities.1 Ah, you will say, but petroleum prices, which rose by 400 per cent, have not come down by much; and you will be right. But petroleum prices are dominated by politics and the power of the petroleum producers' cartel. And there is very little likelihood indeed that producers will be able to form sufficiently powerful cartels in other commodities to exert more effective pricing power. Study after study has shown that only for a few minor metals is such action likely to be capable of success.2 So, for all major commodities but petroleum, it is the bumps and grinds of the world's markets which will continue to determine their prices. And these have been none too beneficial to the poor countries, even in recent years. For plain, prices are not very revealing. As inflation has made only too clear recently, the purchasing power of money is declining fast. And so even with price boom of 1973-74, the average purchasing power of primary commodities exported by developing countries (excluding petroleum) has in. creased over the fifteen years since 1960 by one-half of one per cent per an- num.3 These stark figures point to the need for urgent action to protect the purchasing power of the commodity earnings of the poor countries. One way of doing this would be through the regulation of commodity markets, by commodity agreements including such devices as buffer stocks, export quotas and production controls. A programme for such control is presently under active discussion in UNCTAD. Another way might be the indexation of commodity prices to prices of manufactured goods. But, as a major and path-breaking study by the UNCTAD secretariat shows, such indexation would be impossible without effective control of the market

Other Side of Oil Crisis

THE so-called crisis in the international payments mechanism has been upon us for quite some time. When the oil-producing Arab world raised petroleum prices by 400 per cent at one stroke, the already failing international monetary system founded at Bretton Woods seemed to have received an almost mortal blow. The international 'aidocracy' and 'tredocracy' rushed in to draw a picture of impending disaster and then proceeded to conjure up one ameliorative plan after another: the oil facility Mark I, 1974, and then the oil facility Mark II, 1975, to be supplemented by the 'safety net for the affluent industrial countries.

Why a Food Crisis

Why a Food Crisis? Ernest Feder THE so-called food "crisis'' results from the sudden convergence of spectacular short-run and less clearly discernible long-run factors. The former

Planning The Next Necessary Stage

Planning: The Next Necessary Stage Deb Kumar Bose IN a country like India, with its vast territory, centralised planning has its limitations. A central authority can plan for industries whose technological co-efficients are given and whose products are valued for their national significance. Usually, these are large- scale units. They often depend for their inputs on raw materials transported from distant regions; their products are again distributed over different parts of the country. At the current stage of development in. the country, the large industries can achieve economies of scale only when they can cater to markets spread over large areas in the country, as the size of the markets in the regions neighbouring the industries is not big enough to absorb their products. Planning of investments in such industries has to be undertaken keeping the total economy in view. Concurrent with industrial planning, the central authority has to plan for transport and communication systems to provide the necessary support to the industries.


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