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Maze of Manipulative Politics

the developed countries as projected by the OECD, the cost of import of manufactures would go up by at least 10-15 per cent, even without any increases in the quantities imported. The domestic trends in production of a number of important products such as oilseeds, cotton,etc, are not favourable and so one should not rule out the possibility of an added burden on account of imports of these commodities.

Relevance of Raja Rammohan Roy Some Moral Implications

 developing countries and to study and devise possible arrangements within the International Monetary Fund so as to mitigate the effects of inflation in developed countries on the economies of developing countries. It calls for adequate and orderly creation of additional liquidity with particular regard to the needs of the developing countries through the additional allocation of Special Drawing Rights (SDKs) based on the concept of world liquidity needs to be appropriately revised in the light of the new international environment. It seeks favourable conditions for the transfer of financial resources to developing countries, the formulation of an international code of conduct for the transfer of technology and also an international code of conduct for foreign capital in order to prevent its interference in the internal affairs of the countries where it operates.

Recognition to Teachers, At Last

GIAN AGRO INDUSTRIES is setting up a plant near Ganaur in Haryana, for the manufacture of 900 tonnes of guar gum powder, 937 tonnes of guar, split, 4,200 tonnes of un-dehusked chuni and 1,125 tonnes of dehusked chuni. The raw material, guar seed, is available in abundance in Haryana and the neighbouring states of Punjab and Rajasthan, which together account for about 80 per cent of the country's production. The project is estimated to cost about Rs 35 lakhs and is intended to be financed by share capital of Rs 19 lakhs and a term loan of Rs 16 lakhs from Haryana Financial Corporation. The company expects to commence trial production by the end of 1974 and pay a maiden dividend of 10 per cent for

Science and Indian Society

Science and Indian Society E C G Sudarshan THE twenty-five years since Independence have seen a phenomenal expansion of scientific programmes and growth of national science laboratories. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC are major partners in this national undertaking with equally substantial, but perhaps less spectacular, contributions from the Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR). The research undertaken by various university laboratories has grown significantly in quantity. The number of scientific workers has increased phenomenally and equally has grown the quantity of scientific output measured in terms of research papers and reports. The national expenditure on science research has steadily increased, and while it constitutes a smaller percentage of the gross national product than in many of the prosperous technologically developed countries, it seems to be steadily increasing towards that target.

Science and Civilisation

 most ordinary happenings around us are as much relevant to physical science as experiments conducted in a laboratory (filled with gleaming steel and glass cages of sophisticated equipment: to be able to view the world around us scientifically; these are challenges to our gifted and excellently trained scientists.

A Certain Anarchy

THE current series of elections in the country may prove a disappointment to the ruling party, or they may not. But whatever the results of the poll, the gnawing questions facing the polity will remain. The energy crisis has only dramatised the basic precariousness of the country's external accounts; and the crisis overpowering the economy would have developed even without the oil crisis. Indeed, it would then have drawn pointed attention to the political factors effectively choking economic growth for nearly a decade now.

History and Nationalism A Personal Response to the Indian Situation

History and Nationalism: A Personal Response to the Indian Situation Sudhir Chandra HISTORY is a branch of knowledge. It is also the corporate memory of a society. The distinction between these causally related forms of history is elusive. As corporate memory history tends to acquire the character of myth. This happens not because society altogether fabricates the facts it remembers, Rather, it remembers what it wishes to remember. Depending on the character of a society, this wish operates more or less on both the conscious and the unconscious planes. It determines not only the choice of facts that are remembered but also the way in which they are remembered. Some facts are thus brought into limelight and the others are consigned to varying degrees of oblivion. In this manner corporate memory restricts the area of general historical awareness and enquiry. According as the requirements of a society change, a particular myth is modified or a new one created. If necessary even facts are imagined into being.

Suzerainty by Default

THIS can be, and is, a debilitating process. All around there is a transparent attempt to shift the onus for the current crisis on to somebody else, or on to near-supernatural elements the responsibility for which invariably attaches to others and not to present company. The Prime Minister, harassed, mauled, dazed by the quality of the debacle overtaking the economy, is showing signs that, somehow, history has slid back to the nervous months of 1966. She has lost her touch, she has almost lost her bearings. Confidence, one would have thought, is an irreversible process: once you come to acquire it, there is no way of reverting to an inchoate state of the mind. The Prime Minister is disproving that notion.

Medieval Barbarism in West Bengal Countryside

Medieval Barbarism in West Bengal Countryside Ashok Rudra PRIME MINISTER Indira Gandhi made quite a stir about a year back- when she gave the verdict that the GNP could not be treated as an index of economic development for all purposes; there were aspects of economic' welfare which were not reflected in that national accounting measure. Even though this is one of the ele mentary lessons one has to teach in any undergraduate course in national income accounting, it acquired a new halo on being pronounced by our wise Prime Minister. It was discussed a lot at that time in the Delhi economic circles, as if the foundation of a few school of developmental economics had been announced, and there was much speculation as to who among the Prime Minister's admirers could have orginated this most unoriginal idea.

Kashmir A Conspiracy of Silence

Kashmir: A Conspiracy of Silence Ashok Rudra T N Srinivasan IT is now more than nine months since the historic events that altered the political map of the Indian subcontinent. In these nine months, the euphoria that followed the establishment of Bangladesh has largely evaporated. Indo-Bangladesh relations are entering a phase in which each country has to face its economic and political realities. Hopefully, now that the romantic dreams have been laid to rest, an era of co-operation based on hard-headed appreciation of each other's interests both where they conflict and where they coincide, will emerge.

Ceiling on Land

October 7, 1972 weak units, market conditions, etc. Banks should then take into account growth potential, future revival of market conditions, etc.

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