ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Remembering Osmania University’s Contribution to Public Life

For over a 100 years Osmania University has been a global centre of learning that served as a mirror and conscience keeper of society. Through its history it has not only educated the young, empowering them to find better employment, but it has also been a space that inculcated radical ideas in students who fought for systemic change and a more equal society. The university remains the most important institution for first-generation students from downtrodden backgrounds in the region. Today, the university is facing significant challenges, which must be addressed to safeguard this historic institution.

Learning from the American and Mexican Experiences

The massive pendency of cases in Indian courts is a denial of fundamental right to life, shaking the faith of the individual in the judicial system. The Mexican judiciary too was burdened with pending court cases. The suitability and necessity of reintroducing the jury trial system in India can reduce the pendency of cases at lower courts in the light of the American and Mexican experiences.

In Search of Non-tangential Premises

The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2016 marks a significant shift in the discourse on commercialisation of surrogacy. This article explores issues of altruism, repugnance, paternalism, marketability, exploitation, and assumptions of the moral inviolability of motherhood, with respect to surrogacy in India. It offers close perspectives on the ramifications of altruism in assisted reproduction based on field research and interviews conducted in the cities of Kolkata, Mumbai, Pune, Anand, and Howrah.

Interstate Cooperation for Climate Change Adaptation in Indian Himalayan Region

Mainstreaming climate concerns in cross-sectoral planning and teamwork among neighbouring states in the Indian Himalayan Region are persistent hurdles in addressing climate adaptation at the state and regional levels. The authors propose interstate cooperation facilitation through a specific knowledge network, decentralised and coordinated approach for capacity building, joint adaptation project formulation and implementation, high-level coordination mechanism, and the creation of an adaptation portal as a novel way forward.

Challenges before the Fifteenth Finance Commission

The terms of reference of the Fifteenth Finance Commission are significantly different from those of earlier finance commissions. Some of these changes are within the mandate of the Constitution. Some do not appear to be so. Others appear extraneous. Some appear to urge the commission to asymmetrically treat a group of states. This article examines the challenges the XV-FC will face while addressing these changes.

Should States Target a 3% Fiscal Deficit?

India’s current fiscal rules target a 3% fiscal deficit for the central and state governments. Though states have largely adhered to their borrowing ceilings, subnational debt is proliferating. A significant reduction in subnational borrowing is required to stabilise the states’ debt around the desired level of 20% of gross domestic product. Symmetry should not be forced on central and state borrowing flows, given their widely divergent levels of debt stocks.

The Sugar Industry in Maharashtra

Sugar cane and the sugar industry are an indisputable backbone of the rural economy in Maharashtra. Barring a few exceptions, this agro-industry is bound towards financial unsustainability. The causes and potential solutions out of this impending crisis have been detailed here.

On the Degradation of Mobility in Early Colonial India

This article considers the role of migration in the ability of communities to negotiate with the state in early colonial India. Both the causes and impact of the degradation of this ability are examined; the argument builds on and expands on work by Parthasarathi and others to make a case for exploring migration on a pan-regional scale. The article explores the ideological rooting and impact of the approach; it proposes that in conjunction with traditional arguments relating to economics and society, military recruitment played a key role in the evolution of policy aimed at suppressing mobility among peasant and cultivator classes in early colonial India.

The ‘Inside–Outside’ Body

In the context of the stand taken by the National Human Rights Commission of India on the Rohingya refugees, this article probes its location as an “inside–outside” institution. As an institution of “internal restraint” to exercise vigilance over the state, the commission is both constrained and empowered by the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993, which brought about its existence, as well as its location within the domain of the state, which often reduces it to performing a legitimisation function. Yet, over a period of time, though unevenly and sometimes ineffectively, it has carved out triumphal moments that have opened up state actions to judicial and public scrutiny.

The Election Outlook in Karnataka

Karnataka will be going to the polls this year before May. Since 1985, every government, no matter its performance, has been voted out after one term. With the ruling Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party gearing up for the battle at the hustings, this article looks at all the issues that can benefit or hamper their prospects.

FRDI Bill, 2017

Given the far-reaching nature of the changes it seeks to introduce within the financial system, the Financial Resolution and Deposit Insurance Bill should not be rushed through Parliament. Widespread apprehensions regarding provisions of the FRDI Bill, particularly the bail-in provision, have already forced the government to pause. It is only appropriate that an informed public debate precedes the tabling of this legislation for passage, which can signifi cantly alter the contours of India’s financial sector.

To Drink or Not to Drink—Is Not the Question!

Prohibition resurfaced as a major political issue, with the December 2016 Supreme Court judgment banning liquor sales within 500 metres of highways to counter drunken driving. However, the issue of alcoholism is complex and requires the framing of a comprehensive liquor policy that regulates, rehabilitates, and refocuses on the importance of awareness creation.

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