ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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ORISSA- Adrift Middle Class

ORISSA Adrift Middle Class Manoranjan Mohanty ORISSA recently crossed its fiftieth birthday as a separate province. Whatever little celebration the state government had organised was overshadowed by a host of distressing stories. People of Kalahandi were still reeling under drought-generated conditions. Report of the accident at the Salal dam construction site in Jammu in which 40 Oriya migrant labourers were killed in December came to light almost on the eve of the Orissa Day which was on April I. Tribals of the Gandhamardan Hills were agitating against the bauxite mining by BALCO which uprooted them, dried up the streams which were the only source of irrigation for their land and destroyed their unique eco-system, thus affecting the life of 50,000 tribals. On the east coast, people of Balasore had launched a campaign to prevent the establishment of a missile test range in BaliapaJ which displaces 1,25,000 peasants and fishermen and takes over 200 square kilometres of the fertile rice land of Orissa. The agitation continues as the government is determined to carry out the project. Add to it the bomb attack on the vehicle carrying the eminent editor of Samaj, Radhanath Rath, and the CPI leader, Gangadhar Paikray, which came in the wake of a series of assaults on journalists who were critical of the government.

UTTAR PRADESH- Community Participation in FP Programme- A Report

UTTAR PRADESH Community Participation in FP Programme A Report Abhay Bang COMMUNITY participation is easily the most misunderstood and romanticised concept in the field of primary health care. Active participation can become a reality only when the political structure of society and the socio-cultural milieu are favourable to participation and when the individuals have felt a need or incentive and have free will and the time to participate on particular issues. If the real meaning of community participations is understood and assimilated, we should no longer be talking of community participation in the primary health care or in the family planning programme, but should be speaking instead of these programmes in terms of the priorities, activities and the programmes set by the community. Community participation is not a mere means to achieve family planning targets but is a much higher democratic value and political process. But it is a distant goal, and for the purpose of this evaluation a limited view of community participation for improving FP programme will be taken.

NEW DELHI- Disciplining Labour Government s New Priority

ad valorem to 65 per cent. Ultimately, the government allowed duty-free import of butadine by the company from December 12, 1985, the duty exemption is effective upto June 1986 and the company has appealed to the government to allow duty-free imports of butadine from July 1986 onwards.

VIETNAM- To What New Shores

munity who serve as distribution agents rather than paid employees. At present there are about 850 depot holders in the community, the more common being private practitioners, CHGs, teachers, pharmacists, etc. The depot holders distribute lubricated condoms (Sona), oral pills (Mamata), foam tablets and also packets of medicines for common illnesses. Contraceptives were free, the medicines were priced, a fixed percentage of it going to the depot holders as the commission.

Gujarat Burns Again

Gujarat Burns Again Asghar Ali Engineer Tanushri 'GUJARAT burns again', 'Maharashtra engulfed in communal fire', 'Allahabad up in flames', 'UP sitting atop heap of communal gunpowder' are some of the recent headlines in newspapers. Caste and communal hatred has completely gripped us and there seems to be no way out. Our constitutional secularism is being torn to shreds and we have to wring our hands in despair. Com- munalists of all hues have built up a powerful propaganda machinery and they are operating it most efficiently and to its full capacity. The voice of the secularists on the other hand is nothing but a voice' in the wilderness. The politicians mouthing secular slogans are hypocrites, to say the least. They will thunder in favour of secularism in their public speeches and perpetrate the worst kind of casteism and communalism in their electoral politics.

UNITED STATES-The Fiscal Muddle

that, " .. it is advisable to seek legal advice on this 'emergency control plan' so that in the event of this plan falling into the hands of unscrupulous people, it is not used against the Company?' Saraf feels that priority should be accorded to 'legal safety' of the Company as against 'human safety'. He is very forthright and blunt in his paper and takes anthropologists to task, "... safety like everything else must be bought at a price. The more we spend on safety, the less we have with which to fight poverty and disease or to spend on those goods and services that make life worth living for ourselves and others." The paper further advises that, ". . . there is nothing humanitarian in spending lavishly to reduce a particular hazard!' UNITED STATES The Fiscal Muddle Philip G Altbach THE United States is in the midst of the most far-reaching series of changes in tax policies in several decades. This fiscal juggling is combined with efforts to balance the federal government's budget with the Gramrn-Rudman law (which mandates automatic reduction in most federal fiscal outlaysalthough to add to the confusion, portions of the law have been declared unconstitutional by the US Supreme Court). In addition, the balance of payments problem continues to bedevil the economy (even the recent 30 per cent decline in the value of the US dollar against the Japanese yen has not boosted American exports significantly and the deficit grows). Economic issues arc at the top of the national agenda and have taken up much of the attention of the Congress in recent months. The legislators have just returned from their Independence Day holiday to grapple with the complex issue of tax revision.

WEST BENGAL-Calcutta University Employees Agitation

Calcutta University Employees' Agitation Nilanjan Dutta THE University of Calcutta, one of the oldest and most prestigious universities of the country, is deadlocked. Everybody is convinced that education in this university has gone to dogs, since it hardly remains open nowadays, Strange though it may seem, the students, who are usually identified as the cause of campus unrests, are nowhere in the scene. Instead, it is the employees' (non-teaching staff) agitation, which has paralysed the institution. Between December 1983, the beginning of the tenure of the present Vice Chancellor, Santosh Bhattacharya, and April 1986, 201 working-days have been lost due to strikes, cease work, or other forms of agitations by the employees. The employees' unions, the university authority and the government, are all trying to put the blame on one another and skip their own responsibilities.

PRICES-Return of Inflation

Return of Inflation WITH the rate of increase in the Wholesale Price Index gaining velocity since March 1986, the false complacency engendered by the relatively low inflation rate of 1985-86 should give way to a sense of concern over the price situation. As has been repeatedly stressed in these columns, the subdued trend in the general price level witnessed in 1985-86 was deceptive in that it failed to capture the higher rate of inflation experienced by the essential commodities. The rate of increase of price of food articles and food products was persistently higher than that of the all- commodities index.

GUJARAT-Riots with a Political Motive

solve the payments problem. The further ticklish question is how the "contradictions" between foreign trade policies and foreign policy are perceived by the Prime Minister and how exactly they are proposed to be resolved. These questions have to be squarely faced and answered without equivocation and in all honesty.

NEW DELHI-Aligning Foreign Policy to Economic Liberation

NEW DELHI Aligning Foreign Policy to Economic Liberation BM A HECTIC round of high level meetings and consultations have been going on in New Delhi during the past few weeks for finding ways of dealing with an increasingly tight balance of payments position. The Prime Minister is said to be providing direct leadership in the effort for dealing with an intractable problem which has defied conventional solutions. The reports of the Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister and the Planning Commission on a rapidly worsening balance of payments position is said to have brought home to the Prime Minister the gravity of the problem.


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