ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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LABOUR- CMSS Battles against Odds

September 6, 1986 LABOUR CMSS Battles against Odds Bharat Dogra CHATTISGARH Mines Shramik Sangh is a leading trade union in Chattisgarh region of Madhya Pradesh. Spread over Durg, Rajnandgaon and Bilaspur districts, this trade union has nearly 15,000 members in several mining and industrial units. The ma~ jority of them are concentrated in the iron- ore mines of Dalli-Rajhara (captive to Bhilai Steel Plant) in Durg district. Here the workers, left in the lurch by earlier trade union leaders, have made significant wage gains in the last nine years under the red and green flag of the CMSS.

BIHAR-Peasants, Landlords and Dacoits

BIHAR Peasants, Landlords and Dacoits ARWAL, Banjhi, Samastipur, Bhagalpur, Parasbigha, Gua, Pipra, Belchi. The names of these otherwise obscure places in Bihar are now well known throughout the country. Periodically a horrendous massacre brings the oppressed people of Bihar into the headlines of the national media. But soon they slip back into their uncared for existence to reappear in another headline some months later In this kind of response that is essentially monitored by the magnitude and the frequency of the massacres, what is often obscured is the larger social process in which these events are connected together. To bring into focus the chain of processes in which incidents like the Arwal firings are but a part, the People's Union for Democratic Rights (PUDR), New Delhi, decided to send a fact-finding team to investigate the social origins of repression in Bihar.

GOVERNMENT SECURITIES-Futility of High Interest Rates

August 30, 1986 The incident here can be traced to the tension between a noted dacoit, Ramanand Yadav, and the MKSS which is working in this village.

LABOUR-Illegal Termination of Workers

per cent in 1984-85, The Committee to Review the Working of the Monetary System has recommended, as a part of interest rate reform, upward revision of yields on government securities from the current levels and shortening ol maturities in order that more funds flow into government securities from the capital market than what the present captive market is able to provide. Accordingly, the committee has suggested that the yield on govern- ment securities be so determined as to provide on an average, over the entire spectrum of new issues, a yield of 2 per cent per annum in real terms. The committee has also assumed that public would gradually increase its subscriptions to government securities carrying higher coupon rates if they are available throughout the year.

UNITED STATES-Death of Monetarism

UNITED STATES Death of Monetarism Sudhir Sen FOR more than a year monetarism was in its last gasp. Its worried protagonists did their best to keep it alive with frequent application of oxygen, but to no avail. This week it died a quiet death. No official obituary notice has been served; this would be too much to expect from those who, for almost seven years, had hugged it, albeit with varying degrees of warmth, as the ultimate truth

WOMEN-Free Trade Zones Pitting Women against Women

screen to be invincible. Thus MGR is one among the oppressed and at the same time an individual dispenser of justice in favour of the oppressed who cannot be defeated.

TAMIL NADU-The MGR Phenomenon.

capability in process designing and engineering of the national fertiliser industry has been pulled out of retirement by the Fertiliser Ministry to review and supervise the manage- ment and operations of fertiliser plants in the public sector. Meanwhile, Indian design and engineering services have been relegated from the position of prime contractors, which they occupied with distinction as far back as during the Fifth Plan period, to that of sub-contractors to foreign firms in the construction of new fertiliser plants, both in the public and private sectors.

NEW DELHI-Technology Import Curious Deals

NEW DELHI Technology Import: Curious Deals BM THE controversial Hemlock deal for setting up what is flamboyantly called a National Silicon Facility and the setting up of an NRI firm in the US with a subsidiary in India to provide management and technology consultancy to public sector undertakings as captive clients are becoming curiouser and curiouser. The exposure of these deals in which top ruling politicians and bureaucrats have been widely reported to be involved by the media and opposition members of parliament, has been so embarrassing that official spokesmen prefer to avoid any discussion and try to sidetrack any question that has been raised or may be raised on these deals. Few really like to admit any direct and above-board association with, or responsibility in their connection. And, yet, it is fatalistically accepted that there is no way in which these deals can be stopped from being clinched and implemented. There is also a laboured attempt on the part of responsible quarters, official and ministerial, to pass on the buck or equivocate. Who exactly could be responsible for initiating the first steps which have led to the present unusual pass in the case of these controversial deals is a question worth asking.

And Now, Made-To-Order Male Babies

At another level, there also seems to be a need to challenge the very existence of Free Tirade Zones, as these symbolise the imposition of a model of economic and industrial development beneficial only to the multi national corporations and their governments, at the expense of the women workers in the third world. This is a longer term perspective which needs to be developed and argued.

AFGHANISTAN-Summit Surprise

Summit Surprise? Larry Jagan THE eighth round of UN sponsored informal talks between Afghanistan and Pakistan, under the auspices of the UN Secretary General's special envoy Diego Cordovez, adjourned in Geneva on August 8. Cordovez, the UN Under Secretary and lawyer from Ecudaro, acts as a mediator between the Pakistan and Afghanistan foreign ministers as Islamabad does not recognise the legitimacy of the Kabul government. After four years of intermittent talks, a breakthrough appears near in the Afghanistan conflict.

Drought, Development and Desertification

they will discover that virtually all of their rescued indigenous wheat varieties can only be obtained from the United States. In fact, according to the US National Academy of Science, collection programmes are currently oriented to the needs of the developed countries." In fact instances have been reported, from Kenya and Libya for instance, of plant varieties being taken out to the developed countries, and later, when the indigenous varieties had become extinct in their home countries, these countries having to pay for obtaining their seeds in a commercial purchase.

Ethics of Transferring Genetic Resources

August 16, 1986 Ethics of Transferring Genetic Resources Bharat Dogra OF LATE there have been serious allegations in the Indian press regarding the unfair methods used by developed countries (or by research institutes, gene banks and multinational companies based there or serving their interests) to obtain access to plant genetic resources of Third World countries. The specific allegations are not at all new


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