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ANDHRA PRADESH-Reservations The Court Says No

ANDHRA PRADESH Reservations: The Court Says No K Balagopal IN a judgment delivered on September 5 a full bench of the AP High Court held that the State Government's GO enhancing the Backward Classes' (BC) quota of reservations in jobs and college seats from 25 to 44 per cent was unconstitutional; the judgment rang down the curtain on a nearly two-month long turmoil that had thrown everything out of gear in the state The entire 'public opinion' of the state heaved a rather shameless sigh of relief, and in case that was not audible enough, all the newspapers without exception wrote editorials stating in black and white that the state government had better not go to the Supreme Court in appeal against the judgment. It was plainly their unanimous wish that the whole thing be forgotten as a bad dream. But NTR was in no need of such advice. He hastened to thank the High Court for holding the GO only unconstitutional and not mala fide in its intentions as had been alleged, inter alia, by the petitioners; deduced the happy corollary that his government would not have to resign (for mere unconstitutionality of its acts, if such it is, is no ground for resignation of a government); and promised the increasingly strident anti-reservationists that he would not appeal to the Supreme Court but would abide silently by the High Court's judgment. He invited them for talks immediately after the judgment was delivered, and it was only after he promised with an uncharacteristic humility to behave himself that the anti-reservationists called off their agitation and walked out in jubilation into the streets littered with the broken glass panes of the buses stoned by them during the last six weeks.

LETTER FROM EUROPE-Arms Negotiations

September 20-27, 1986 LETTER FROM EUROPE Arms Negotiations Harish Kapur THE East-West arms negotiations are once again on the move. A flurry of new diplomatic activity is noticeable in Europe. The hitherto heavily deadlocked bilateral and multilateral talks on Confidence Building Measures in Stockholm, on Conventional Arms in Vienna, on Chemical Weapons, Strategic Weapons and Nuclear Tests in Geneva appear to be livening up.

Greater Mizoram Issue and Tripura

September 13, 1986 and hence to their struggle, They consider the engineers to be a privileged section, which is largely true. No section of the organised trade unions has yet come out in support of the struggle. There is no apparent impact of the cease-work, though it is understood that work in many government departments like PWD, etc, has come to a standstill. It is reported that the cease-work has affected the public utility services and on-going developmental work. A large number of blood bottles in the central blood bank have been spoiled as a result of breakdown of the air-conditioning plant. Work on roads and overbridges at different places has come to a standstill. All planning, investigation, survey, design, etc, having a direct bearing on annual developmental works programme, have been stopped.

NEW DELHI- Engineering Industry Victim of Instant Modernisation

September 13, 1986 court." The judge thus held that, in the Reliance case, the government order refusing the reference had trespassed into the judicial realm, and thus quashed it. However, his judgment shied away from directing the government to make a reference, and instead asked the ministry to reconsider the issue and make a fresh order Pursuant to the above judgment, the then Minister of State for Labour, M O Kimrnatkar, called the company and the union for discussions on November 30, 1984 and after hearing both the parties, assured that an order for reference would be passed on the very same day. However, a few days later there was a volte face on the part of the state government, and the union was served with an order again rejecting reference. Having exhausted the other grounds for rejecting a reference, the government used the third ground listed by Justice Pendse, i e, "reference would lead to unrest in the industrial sphere". The order said "the making of any such reference would harm industrial relations between the company and the workmen" and "the spirit of tranquillity [!!] prevailing in the company would be affected".

LABOUR- Reference of Industrial Disputes for Adjudication- Government s Collusion with Employers

LABOUR Reference of Industrial Disputes for Adjudication Government's Collusion with Employers Gurbir Singh IN the jungle of the Indian industrial dispute machinery, the government has been assigned the task of trying to bring about conciliation between warring employers and their workmen, and if that fails to refer the matter for adjudication to labour and industrial tribunals. Under Sec 10 (1) and 12 of the Industrial Disputes Act, conciliation officers of the respective state government labour departments are required to investigate disputes brought before them by cither party, and try and bring about a settlement. If no settlement can be reached, under Sec 12 (5) of the Act, the state labour ministry, after perusing the "failure report" of the conciliation officer and having been convinced that an industrial dispute exists, is required to refer the matter to a labour court or industrial tribunal, depending on the nature of the dispute, for judicial decision.

MAHARASHTRA- College Teachers Crying Wolf Again

September 13, 1986 capabilities and capacities and economies that can be derived from standardisation and repeat application of available technology rather than repetitive import of technologies. These sound considerations are being cavalierly disregarded in official policy in search of easy paths to modernisation.

Women s Health Plea for a New Approach

there is no need for them to raise issues like Greater Mizoram, or a separate regional council for that matter. However, it would be wrong to think that the Greater Mizoram idea is being opposed or should be opposed because the Mizos of TOpura are economically quite well-off under the Left Front government or even because their cultural identity is being main tained in the state. The government of Tripura, the ADC and the GMP have opposed the idea of Greater Mizoram on political grounds. And like them, the Mizos from Jampui Hills have unanimously decided in a convention which was addressed, among others, by the Member of the ADC from the area and three Gaon Pradhans who are all Mizos

WEST BENGAL- Engineers Grievances

WEST BENGAL Engineers' Grievances WEST BENGAL state sector engineers numbering about 2,500 under the leadership of the Federation of Associations of Engineers and Technical Officers (Facto) began a continuous cease-work all over West Bengal from August 6 last on three demands, namely, (1) appointment of engineers and technical officers as heads of the government technical and medical departments and public undertakings; (2) restructuring of the secretariat of government technical departments, undertakings and statutary bodies; and (3) parity in pay and status between engineers and administrative services.

WEST ASIA- PLO-Jordan Relations

nised and unorganised sectors of labour including the Christian institutions where such facilities do not exist. The consultation urged that medical institutions should have specially trained medical social workers, informed with a feminist perspective, to respond to the physical, emotional, psychological, medical social and legal aspects of the needs of women in crisis battered wives, raped or sexually assaulted women, attempted suicides, dowry burn victims, etc. It urged that health care needs of prostitutes be viewed from the right perspective and proper care be extended to the women forced into this trade. It called for the involvement of individuals, the local congregation and church women's groups to work with the women's movement and health movement, towards ensuring wholeness and well-being to women in India.

PUBLIC SECTOR- Pathak Wins First Round

September 6, 1986 PUBLIC SECTOR Pathak Wins First Round MKS FROM his first national broadcast to the latest independence-day address, prime minister Rajiv Gandhi has, among other things, underlined his government's firm commitment to encouraging the growth of the public sector as also to prevent transnational corporations (TNCs) from influencing the country's policies on modernisation of industry. But a big gap yawns between his intention and his deeds; what his government has, till now, done is quite the reverse and exactly the opposite of his public pronouncements.

ANDHRA PRADESH- Anti-Reservation, Yet Once More

ANDHRA PRADESH Anti-Reservation, Yet Once More K Balagopal SOUNDS of the future are sending their echoes backwards. As one reads the posters and listens to the arguments one is filled with an indistinct sense of unease, a premonition of the scenes that are going to trample along the streets of this land twenty, thirty or forty years hence; a prescience that is more akin to a feeling of deja vu in reversed time.

BHOPAL- Working with the Government

BHOPAL Working with the Government Kannan Srinivasan TWO voluntary workers, Gautam Bannerjee and David Bergman were arrested in Bhopal on September 5 under a law that covers spying and acting for a foreign power against the national security. They have been very severely interrogated. Fresh warrants have been issued for other persons, and the Madhya Pradesh government is reportedly building a major conspiracy case. These arrests are in fact the culmination of a process: an attempt to work constructively with the government.

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