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CALCUTTA DIARY- A Show, A Visits An Assault

A Show, A Visits An Assault Flibbertigibbet ON SEPTEMBER 18 the West Ben. gal Congress took out its first procession against the United Front Government; and an impressive show it was. Some 25,000 people participated in it; the crowd was fairly well disciplined, despite provocations; and the party seems pleased as Punch, A notable absentee among the leaders was Atulya Ghosh; another, Prafulia Sen, the former Chief Minister. And thereby hang several tales. It is said that Atulya Ghosh and Prafulia Sen are not quite getting on. That attempts are afoot to remove Ghosh and his friends from the leadership of the State Congress is a secret no more. Whether these efforts enjoy the support of Prafulia Sen seems less clear; and the descent of Gulzarilal Nanda from Delhi makes the picture clear as mud.

EAST AFRICA-China s Toe-hold in Tanzania

is estimated that the private portfolio investment which British residents have abroad is around

CALCUTTA DIARY-Splittism, Bengali Style

CALCUTTA DIARY Splittism, Bengali Style Flibbertigibbet POLITICS in Bengal have rarely been united even when confined to the province; intrusion of India has always made things worse, not better. The latest split in the Bangla Congress, itself an assortment of ex-Congressmen, can be understood only if it is set in its historical perspective. Recent history. The row between J M Sen Gupta and Subhas Bose is not all that ancient. The row between Jugantar and Anushilan, both terrorist organisations, is unknown only to the very young Bengalis. Sarat Bose and Nalini Sarker quarrelled at the slightest provocation. Prafulla Ghosh, the present Food Minister, once presided over an ad hoc Bengal Pradesh Congress Committee with all-India support, while the Bose Brothers ruled over the elected body. The row between Ajoy Mukherjee and Atulya Ghosh also had all-India overtones. The former had local support; the latter wore an all-India halo until humbled somewhat by the general election. The general thesis will be discussed later. First the details of the most recent political developments in what remains of Bengal.

ASSAM-The End of a Mission

September 23, 1967 almost acceptable to the Bengalis as a semi-empire. An all-India Congress without the British Empire with Calcutta as its headquarters would have been inconceivable to the Bengali founders of the Congress. This is the plain truth; and its true nature has never been fully realised by either the Congress or the Bengalis.

LONDON-Search for Alternative to Deflation

September 23, 1967 cial subject of the food problem of developing countries. On this issue the Geneva meeting of the Board was divided into four neat groups. The African group, more united than any other, held the view that if an item like the world food programme was put on the agenda, it would be an effective weapon in the hands of those who were keen to show the good and honourable intentions of the U S Government. The Latin American group, for its own reasons, was not happy to see food surpluses being regularly diminished in North America, The socialist countries were keen on a discussion of the problem to shod their LONDON interest in the development of agriculture in the developing countries. The Indian delegation understandably considered the question of food aid highly important and slurred over the possibility of it arousing political passions.


and Development Board of the UNCTAD met in Geneva for four weeks from the middle of August. Some sixty countries participated in this session which ended last week. This was the last meeting of the Board before the second UNCTAD conference in New Delhi in February- March 1968. The discussions that took place at the Geneva meeting are of considerable significance for the developing countries.

SOUTH-Language and the South

SOUTH Language and the South THERE IS UNEASINESS but as yet no eruption on the issue of language in the South. The most explosive State on this issue


September 16, 1967 with Hindi? This, too, is shortsighted. It can be justified only if English is to be the sole link language of the Indian Union. If there is to be an indefinite co-existence of two link languages, then every Indian who wishes to go places in India will have to have a smattering at least of both these languages. It is just good luck for the Hindi-speaking peoples that their mother-tongue happens to be one of these languages. They might be compelled to learn some other modern Indian language but they need not. But the non-Hindi peoples have to learn the necessary amount of Hindi for comprehension and limited communication. This is not much of a burden. Indeed, the many Tamilians outside Tamilnad have easily taken it in their stride. It is certainly wrong of the Hindi chauvinists to go about attempting to compel a rapid transition to Hindi as the sole link language. But an anti-Hindi backlash will not help either. Hindi is far easier for the Indian peoples to learn than English, even for the vast majority of the Tamils.

LONDON-Replacing Arab Oil

It was beyond the U F or anybody else to repair the damage in six months or six years

A CALCUTTA DIARY- Supplies and Supplication

hand. Will the demoralised chieftains, who once exercised undisputed sway, realise that there is no nation-moving potential in political gimmickry?

JAPAN- The Economy Up or Down

economy had raised the gross national product to 97 billion dollars at the end of the fiscal year 1966. In terms of G N P this makes Japan fourth among the non-communist countries, next to USA, West Germany and England. The picture is, however, not quite so bright if one considers per capita income; here Japan is only around the twentieth in the world. Per capita income in 1966 was 790 dollars. It has increased 3.7 times in the last ten years. In 1965 Japan's per capita income was 694 dollars which put her 22nd in the world. This was about one- fourth of USA's per capita income; in 1959 Japan's per capita income was one-seventh of USA's and in 1961 one-sixth.


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