ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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BANGLADESH-Martial Law Wears a New Garb

of the Party are not elected but are chosen by Benazir Bhutto and her ring of very close confidants, as elections in the Party are quite unknown. In this manner, Benazir Bhutto is closely following the tradition of her deceased father. Also, like her father, she does not graciously tolerate dissent and thus her Party has become one which.consists mainly of yes-men.

BIHAR-Sampoorn Kranti Sammelan

November 1-8, 1986 BIHAR Sampoorn Kranti Sammelan Rajni Bakshi A CROSS-SECTION of Gandnian and socialist groups gathered at a national conference at Bodh Gaya, Bihar from October 2 to 4 to chalk out a programme for 'sampoorn kranti' (total revolution). The meeting was the culmination of a two-year effort to build a national platform for all the grassroots non-party political groups striving for radical change through peaceful means. The meeting was also the first major effort in the last eight years to give the ideas and work of Jayprakash Narayan, and his Gandhian-socialist tradition, a place in national politics.

GUJARAT-Law and Order in a Shambles

GUJARAT Law and Order in a Shambles Mathew Kalathil GANDHI JI's Gujarat is no longer nonviolent. In Nandod and Jagadia talukas of Bharuch district alone more than eleven unnatural deaths have been recorded in the recent past. But as tribals are the victims in these incidents they neither hit the front pages of newspapers nor do police investigations book the culprits. The following are the details of a gruesome murder and it is a typical case illustrating how the law and order machinery works in Gujarat, even though the home portfolio is held by Chief Minister Amarsing Chaudry himself.

FORESTRY-Gujarat Not a Model to Emulate

FORESTRY Gujarat: Not a Model to Emulate Bharat Dogra IT is customary for various official reports and reviews of forestry practices to repeat some suggestions over and over again, specially in the context of supposed welfare of forest-labourers and gatherers of forest produce. As evil contractors and middlemen are supposed to be the source of all exploitation of these people, the catch-all suggestions are for "expanding the network of forest co-operatives" and "speeding up the work of forest corporations" so that contractors and middlemen can be eliminated. These suggestions are presented and reviewed in such a way as if these are synonymous with the welfare of workers. In other words once the greedy middlemen have been eliminated and some work taken over by the Corporation' and some other by 'co-operatives' the welfare of forest labourers and miner forest produce (MFP) gatherers is taken to be achieved. The question of what exactly is the condition of workers under the new organisational set-up and how exactly it has changed is generally not examined, often not even raised.

Injectable Contraceptives in Mass Programme-Alarming Scope for Misuse

Injectable Contraceptives in Mass Programme Alarming Scope for Misuse Bharati Sadasivam THE current campaign against the introduction of long-acting injectable contraceptives (ICs) into the government's family planning programme, launched by health and women activists across the country, underlines the sharply sexist biases of our population control policies and the fundamental inadequacies of our health delivery systems. The issue of the controversial ICs assumes added significance in the context of the fresh impetus being given to the family planning (FP) programme in the Seventh Plan period (1985-90) by the end of which the government expects to achieve a "conceptual breakthrough".

PRICES-Squeeze on Essentials

October 25, 1986 PRICES Squeeze on Essentials THE rise in the wholesale price index during the first half of fiscal year 1986-87 at 6.3 per cent was more than double the rise of 3.1 per cent in the same period of last year, and slightly higher than the rate of increase of 6 per cent in 1984-85.

FERTILISERS- Subsidy and Efficiency

FERTILISERS Subsidy and Efficiency (By a Special Correspondent) ON the eve of the Aid India Consortium meeting on June 16 and 17, the World Bank Vice-President, W David Hopper, made certain observations on the "structural reforms" the World Bank would expect India to pursue. Specifically, Hopper expressed concern over fertiliser subsidies in India which accounted for 1.4 per cent of the country's GNP. Apprehending that this could be because of some inefficient fertiliser units, Hopper suggested privatisation' as a possible option the Government of India could consider for dealing with the situation. It may be worthwhile to clarify the issues connected with fertiliser subsidies specifically in the context of Hopper's observation to enable an objective and realistic appreciation of the problem.

BANGLADESH- Presidential Election Prospects for Change

Presidential Election: Prospects for Change? Badruddin Umar THE political process initiated by General Ershad to dress up his military rule in a pseudo-democratic garb is now passing through its final phase. It seems that in spite of all opposition noises against it the presidential election will be held as scheduled.

NEW DELHI- Pruning the Plan to Pay for Security

they only underscore the need for careful prior investigation. Also, where the percolation rate is high, there should also be some possibility of putting in an infiltration gallery, and get the water out. The terrain we have traversed, that alone could provide suitable sites for five or more such reservoirs. And the cost should not be too high, considering that all materials other than cement should be available locally, They would, of course, need geologists, engineers, trained or skilled workers. But is this not a much higher priority in this area than the health, sanitation and similar programmes they have taken up in these water starved areas?

TAMIL NADU- Anti-Hindi Week

and allowing for the emergence of new caste solidarities on a state-wide, even nation-wide basis. (Significantly, it was the so-called All India Veerashaiva Mahasabha which led the Lingayats in the agitation.) The liberal notions of welfare and equality which informed the Constitutional formulations for reservation at the time of Independence have long since given way to the struggle between dominant groups for a somewhat limited privilege. Despite the impressive strides both the Lingayats and Vokkaligas have made in the field of technical and other education (consider the large number of private medical and engineering institutions set up by the communities themselves in Karnataka) there is a reluctance to give up the privileges of backward status. Their vociferous demands have drowned out the more legitimate claims of other, far less articulate and numerically weak Backward Castes.

KARNATAKA- Fighting for Backwardness- Venkataswamy Commission Report and After

Fighting for Backwardness Venkataswamy Commission Report and After Janaki Nair THE recent decision of Karnataka's Janata government to include both the Lingayat and the Vokkaliga communities in the list of Backward Classes eligible for reservations in educational institutions and government jobs, and to maintain the total level of reservations at 68 per cent brings the history of the State's reservation policy full circle. Quite unlike the virulent opposition to the proposed increase in such reservations in States such as Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka's recent agitation consisted entirely of the clamour of practically all castes, including the Brahmins, for the privilege of being included in the list of Backward Classes, This fight for privileges began in the first quarter of this century with the emergence of the non-Brahmin movement and was essentially a conflict between elites, a tone not entirely absent from even the recent agitation. Sixty-five years ago, a commission under the chairmanship of Sir Leslie Miller, the Chief Judge of Mysore, had recommended the reservation of 75 per cent of all government jobs for Backward Classes, which included both the Lingayats and Vokkaligas.

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