ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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MAHARASHTRA-Shetkari Sanghatna Confronting Women s Issues

November 22, 1986 an easy outlet for their unaccounted wealth. They were not interested in films as such. They had no ideals and scruples. Their main objective was to make money at any cost. Unfortunately, the new generation of artistes, directors and technicians who entered the films at this stage also fell prey to this philosophy. The earlier institutions with ideals disintegrated before the flood of new money, independent producers sprung up, all values were thrown to the winds and films catering to prurient tastes began to be dished out. The government did little to arrest these trends. As in the times of the British, even after independence, films remained a part of the home ministry. No special attention was given to this medium despite it having so much power to influence people's minds, specially of the youth. The industry was allowed to function in a chaotic manner without any direction, eventually bringing it to its press pass. The only occasion when our government cast its eyes on the film industry in those days was when it imposed some new tax on it.

The Film Bandh and After

The 'Film Bandh' and After HC DURING the past few years a new type of business has made its appearance in the commercial field, that of leasing machinery to meet the requirements of a whole industry, the cost of which at times run into many lakhs of rupees. As lease is not sale, such transactions do not attract sales tax. To bring such transactions within the ambit of the sales tax, the Maharashtra government introduced an act called the Maharashtra Sales Tax on Transfer of Right to Use Any Goods for Any Purpose Act, 1985, and brought the film industry within its purview. The act became effective from October 1,

Deaths in Police Custody Whom and Why Do the Police Kill

Deaths in Police Custody: Whom and Why Do the Police Kill? K Balagopal WHEN a person is beaten to death in police custody, the very event, even without the need of any propaganda, generates an image which retrospectively justifies it: the victim would not be beaten so badly if he/she were not a 'desperate' criminal or an otherwise dangerous individual. The police usually add their flourish to the image by describing as the victim's crimes all the charges they have written down in the FIR, some of them even perhaps as an afterthought necessitated by the very death. And when a scholar like Upendra Baxi ("The Crisis of the Indian Legal System") manages to arrive at the conclusion, unsupported by any evidence on exhibit, that custodial violence is used not invariably but rationally or 'judiciously' (a particularly inept choice of a description) by the police in the course of the investigation of crimes, the image acquires respectable solidity: it would not be a very judicious use of torture that beats to death a mere drunkard or pickpocket or prostitute, would it?

NEW DELHI- Restructuring Indo-Soviet Economic Relations

NEW DELHI Restructuring Indo-Soviet Economic Relations BM INDIA has evidently become an arena for intense rivalry between the superpowers

Environment and Politics

November 15, 1986 Protecting the Cat from the Mouse The Lokpal Bill, 1985 Anil Nauriya IT is a matter of considerable relief that the Lokpal Bill 1985 was referred to a Joint Committee of the two Houses of Parliament. It is, however, to be regretted that the Committee's work has not proceeded very smoothly. At least a part of the interruption in its activities could have been avoided if a new Chairman had been appointed soon after the earlier incumbent became a minister. This was done only much later. Unless the Committee's work is speeded up, yet another opportunity for the establishment of the ombudsman machinery will be lost. As it happens, many Bills on the subject have lapsed in the past on account of inadequate legislative despatch.

PAKISTAN- Aftermath of MRD Movement

November 15, 1986 officers. This is why the biggest lobby against making Firozabad a district is coming from them. Factory owners also know that it is easy to terrorise the lower bureaucracy who are not even assured of the support of their superior officers, (To be concluded) Notes References to this are found in Chatterji, Debasish (1986), 'Child Labour in Glass Industry', Surya India, June, p 12; Pal, Bulbul (1986), 'Bangle-Makers: A Fragile Existence', Indian Express, May 4; and Barse, Sheela (1986), 'Fleecing of Hapless Labour:

BANGLADESH-Martial Law Wears a New Garb

of the Party are not elected but are chosen by Benazir Bhutto and her ring of very close confidants, as elections in the Party are quite unknown. In this manner, Benazir Bhutto is closely following the tradition of her deceased father. Also, like her father, she does not graciously tolerate dissent and thus her Party has become one which.consists mainly of yes-men.

BIHAR-Sampoorn Kranti Sammelan

November 1-8, 1986 BIHAR Sampoorn Kranti Sammelan Rajni Bakshi A CROSS-SECTION of Gandnian and socialist groups gathered at a national conference at Bodh Gaya, Bihar from October 2 to 4 to chalk out a programme for 'sampoorn kranti' (total revolution). The meeting was the culmination of a two-year effort to build a national platform for all the grassroots non-party political groups striving for radical change through peaceful means. The meeting was also the first major effort in the last eight years to give the ideas and work of Jayprakash Narayan, and his Gandhian-socialist tradition, a place in national politics.

GUJARAT-Law and Order in a Shambles

GUJARAT Law and Order in a Shambles Mathew Kalathil GANDHI JI's Gujarat is no longer nonviolent. In Nandod and Jagadia talukas of Bharuch district alone more than eleven unnatural deaths have been recorded in the recent past. But as tribals are the victims in these incidents they neither hit the front pages of newspapers nor do police investigations book the culprits. The following are the details of a gruesome murder and it is a typical case illustrating how the law and order machinery works in Gujarat, even though the home portfolio is held by Chief Minister Amarsing Chaudry himself.

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