ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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New Wine without a Bottle

New Wine without a Bottle Jayati Ghosh Report of the Committee on Trade Policies Government of India, Minirtry of Commerce, December 1984. THERE is a hoary old joke about the impossible search for an economist with only one hand, who would be incapable of saying 'on the one hand ... but on the other hand ...' The Report of the Committee on Trade Policies may reaffirm one's faith in the possibility of a one-handed economist (or a group of eminent economists), in terms of the commendable consistency of its policy proposals. But it raises another conundrum: while all the 'fingers' of economic analysis in the Report point to one set of conclusion, the 'index finger' of policy advice points continually to the polar opposite.

The New Education Policy

The 'New Education Policy' Satya Deva Challenge of Education: A Policy Perspective, Ministry of Education, Government of India, New Delhi, August 1985; price not stated.

State Income Estimates for Policy and Planning

State Income Estimates for Policy and Planning S P Gothoskar "However, it is always worthwhile to remember that the reliability of the final figures cannot be judged merely by the number of decimal places they carry, but rather from the quality of the primary data used. To quote again from an Indian judge, 'Cox, when you are a bit older, you will not quote statistics with that assurance. The government are-very keen on amassing statistics

Crisis in World Industry

S N Industry in a Changing World: Special Issue of the Industrial Development Survey for the Fourth General Conference of UNIDO, UNIDO. Vienna. 1983: pp 369.

Finance for Private Corporate Sector

Finance for Private Corporate Sector M P Chitale Report of the Study Group on Financing of the Private Corporate Plan, Planning Commission, Government of India, November 1982.

Monetary Policy Stances and Strokes

Monetary Policy: Stances and Strokes Bhabatosh Datta Monetary Policy in India: Issues and Evidence by Anoop Singh, S L Shetty and T R Venkatachalam; supplement to the Reserve Bank of India Occasional Papers, Vol 3, No 1, June 1982; Reserve Bank of India, Bombay, 1982; pp 133, price not stated.

A Theory of adJustice-World Development Report 1981

World Development Report 1981 S Guhan World Development Report 1981; The World BanK, Washington, DC, August 1981; pp viii + 192. THE World Development Report (WDR) 1981 is the fourth in the series, the experiment having been initiated by Robert S McNamara in 1978 on the basis, if recollection is right, of a desire expressed in the London summit of OECD powers in 1977. Pre- sumably, the summit felt that since it might take a while to deal satisfactorily with international development problems, such problems should be at least satisfactorily documented once a year. McNamara, always ready to accept a challenge, decided that these reports should be produced in the World Bank. His reason for this decision, as expressed in his foreword to WDR 1978, was as follows: "The World Bank, with its broad-based membership, its long experience, and its daily involvement with the development problems of its members is in a unique position to analyse the inter-relationships between the principal components of the development process". On the need for the document, he was equally clear: "... whatever the uncertainties of the future, governments have to act. They are faced with the necessity of daily decisions. And hence the quality of the information, and the range of available choices on which those decisions will have to be made become critically important. That is why we have undertaken this analysis". The WDR then is the document that relates the World Bank's "daily involvement with development problems" to the need of governments to "take daily decisions" in regard to the development process.

Modernity, Rationality and Higher Education

 sarily seen as being anti-industrialisation. The WDR 79 in no way goes beyond this naive choice context. If anything, it reinforces it. To our mind, this is the greatest danger from such document. They present inconsistent, ahis- torical analysis as some final truth. Prescriptions are easy to counter, but ways of -examining issues are not.

Profitable Philosophy of Interdependence

But the question still remains: which rationalising values define the modernisation process? One needs a theory of modernisation to set up the criteria of choice. Simply to equate modernity with rationality begs the question, or to set up a check list of attributes may well be arbitrary. This precisely is the context of the controversy on whether or not to include democratic participation as an essential of modernisation, or more subtly, in the discussion on how to distinguish modernisation from Westernisation.

Development Made Easy The Administrator s Hand-Book

Administrator's Hand-Book Harsh Sethi Vinod Vyasulu World Development Report, 1979; World Bank, Washington, 1979; pp ix + 188, price not stated.

Unsuccessful Transplant

Unsuccessful Transplant N S Jodha Report of the Review Committee on Agricultural Universities, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, June 1978; pp 319 + A-100, THE state of the Agricultural University Movement (AUM), started in India about two decades ago on the pattern of the American Land Grant College System, once again demonstrates the limits of cross-country transferability of institutional technology.

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