ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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1991 Population Census Some Facts and Policy Issues

1991 Population Census: Some Facts and Policy Issues V Nath Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India, Census of India 1991. Series-1 India. Paper 1 of 1991. Provisional Population Totals, New Delhi,

Policy Framework for Public Enterprises

Government of Andhra Pradesh, White Paper on State Level Public Sector Enterprises, Hyderabad, 1980. THE Andhra Pradesh Government's White Paper on State Level Public Sector Enterprises is the first of its kind in India. It was published in a draft form and widespread views were obtained in a seminar attended by present and erstwhile administrators, public sector chiefs and eminent academics. The Andhra Pradesh government deserves more than mere congratulations for this bold act.

Lilliputs and the World of Finance

immediate cut in defence expenditures is also unlikely. Abel Aganbegyan's book undoubtedly will be of great help to understand the problems of the Soviet economy and attempts of the present leadership to overcome these problems. Some of these problems are relevant to the Indian economy: for instance, the inefficiency of our public sector.

A Substitute for Octroi-Entry Tax vs Business Property Tax

Report of the Committee on Substitution of Octroi, Government of Maharashtra, Bombay, October 1987; pp 97. OCTROI is a levy on goods entering into a local jurisdiction for sale, consumption or use. It is collected at the checkpost specially set up for this purpose. The octroi officials use some rule of thumb supported by vouchers and documents, which the transporters carry with them, to determine the tax liability. This mode of assessment and collection of tax has been a subject of controversy all along. Critics have found at least two major defects in octroi: one, it obstructs smooth flow of goods thereby causing business and production losses, and two, it breeds corruption in the absence of account-based assessment at the checkpost.

Monsoons and the Economy

Monsoons and the Economy T K Velayudham Reserve Bank of India, Annual Report, 1986-87, September 1987, pp 105, unpriced. REPORTING in 1925; the Royal Commission on Indian Agriculture described the Indian economy as a gamble on the monsoon. Adapting this description to a more specific problem, a finance member of the Viceroy's Council of pre-independence days (perhaps, Sir Jeremy Raisman) observed that the Indian budget was a gamble on the monsoon. Though much time has elapsed since then, the present situation in the country suggests that the gamble on the monsoon persists regardless of whether it is the economy or the budget. No doubt, as a result of planned development, improved irrigation facilities and improved agricultural production techniques, vulnerability of agriculture to the caprices of the monsoon is somewhat reduced. But the five-year cycle of the monsoon seems to be deteriorating

Development Banking in Rural Areas

Social Banking: State Bank of India; Twenty-Ninth Report of Estimates Committee 1985-86 Eighth Lok Sabha, Lok Sabha Secretariat, New Delhi, IN the mid 50s the Imperial Bank of India was taken over by the government of India. The bank was redesignated as State Bank of India with the obvious purpose of building the banking infrastructure tuned to the developmental needs of a planned economy. This was the first significant step in aligning banking institutions with national development priorities and goals. However even after that the required transformation of banking institutions in conformity with the national goals and priorities did not take place. The Social Control Act in the late 60s and the creation of the national credit council did not significantly help in channelising bank funds to desirable sectors for planned growth. During this period adequate banking infrastructures in rural and semi-urban areas were not created. After nationalisation of 14 major commercial banks in July 1969, a big push was given by the policy makers towards expansion of banking activities. Banks were declared as instruments of development. We noticed rapid expansion of bank branch network into rural areas and expansion of bank credit to agriculture and related activities. Certain desired economic activities were declared priority sectors as far as the flow of bank credit was concerned. In this initial phase of big push, the word 'social banking

Narration without Analysis and Assessment

Trend and Progress of Banking in India: 1985-86; Reserve Bank of India, Bombay, January 1987; pp 223. THE Reserve Bank of India makes available to the public information relating to banking in three instalments in the course of a year, whether it is July to June or April to March. The first comes in the form of a small section in Part II of the annual report which is a statutory report in the sense that the report is submitted to the government of India in terms of section 53(2) of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934. The second instalment becomes available in the form of the report on Trend and Progress of Banking in India, also a statutory report, which is (unlike the annual report) devoted exclusively to banking. The third instalment appears as a chapter in the Report on Currency and Finance, which is a nonstatutory report and which is regarded, for this reason, as a staff report providing detailed information about the economy. The difference as between the three reports lies in the treatment of the subject of banking development and policy. While the annual report, which precedes the other two reports, gives a brief account of developments in banking, the other two reports elaborate on these developments in great detail.

Gradual Surrender of Universities- Trends in Higher Education in Andhra Pradesh

Gradual Surrender of Universities Trends in Higher Education in Andhra Pradesh G Haragopal Towards Reorganising Higher Education in the State: The Report of the Committee of Higher Education, Government of Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad, 1986.

Interdependency for Rich Dependency

Interdependency for Rich: Dependency for Poor? S. Nanjundan Industry in the 1980s: Structural Change and Interdependence, UNIDO, THE tenth issue of UNIDO's biennial Industrial Development Survey continues its established tradition of high quality empirical analysis based on historical as well as internationally comparable data.1 Thus it provides a wealth of relevant statistical data and economic analysis on industrial production, trade and employment useful for research as well as policy purposes. The continuing development and improvement of UNIDO's industrial data base2 covering about 115 coutries, 28 industrial branches and 90 industries, make each succeeding issue of the Industrial Development Survey more useful and relevant for international comparative analysis and policy formulation. While structural change and interdependence are major themes, the Survey recognises that the involvement of developing countries in world industry has continued to be limited, their share in world MVA (manufacturing value added) increasing by only 2 per cent since 1975 to 11.6 per cent in 1984. Thus interdependence applies mainly to the developed countries, whether market-oriented or centrally-planned. The relevance and importance of demestic issues and of domestic policy measures are thus immensely greater for the developing countries.

Plantation Labour Revisit Required

ideology as well. Planners in China have ignored the fact that patriarchal thinking, the ideology of the men's family, pervades every aspect of Chinese society and continues to impede women's full participation in political process and organisation of the economy. The Marriage Law of 1950 did not aim at destroying the family, but it did seek to transform power relations within a patriarchal, multigeneration domestic unit. Later, however, it was left to the natural erosion expected to result from other socialist changes. The argument was that family ties, vitalised by ideology and emotions, bind together labouring individuals (both able-bodied and semi-able-bodied men and women) and secure for members an equal share in the product of labour; such ties and affection help them in their historic struggle against class oppression. What was not realised was that social relations within the family were not fully transformed and the sexual division of labour was likely to engender patriarchally constructed hierarchy and the relations of dominance and subordination between men and women.

Foreign Collaboration in Indian Industry

Foreign Collaboration in Indian Industry Amiya Kumar Bagchi Foreign Collaboration in Indian Industry: Fourth Survey Report, 1985, Reserve Bank of India, Bombay, 1985; pp vi + 252, Rs 30.

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