ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Spillovers in Indian Manufacturing Industry

There are certain shortcomings to using econometric analysis to look for spillover effects in the Indian manufacturing industry. This article presents the results of a case study approach. The findings suggest that forward linkages with foreign firms are as important as backward linkages for spillovers to occur. It also finds evidence of export spillovers from forward and backward linkages with foreign firms.

Uniform Licence Fee in Telecom: Way Forward

Telecom service providers are required to obtain a licence before starting any kind of service in India. They pay a certain percentage of their revenue as a licence fee to the government on a quarterly basis and the percentage of revenue to be shared depends on the type of service offered and the area of operation. This article argues that such a differential system of licensing is flawed and leads to cross subsidisation and possible arbitrage. It estimates the impact on individual operators and the government's revenue, in case the government implements a uniform licence fee for all services in each area and also argues for a reduction in the licence fee in line with revenue growth.

Mapping Indian Districts across Census Years, 1971-2001

In India, for many empirical questions, states have been the standard unit of analysis and they are a natural starting point for research using official data sources because state governments set political agendas and budgets and administer a wide range of services. The use of more disaggregated district data allows the study of outcomes across regions with similar historical contexts and political regimes. Most districtlevel studies, however, have relied on cross-sectional analysis because district comparisons over time are complicated by multiple boundary changes. As providing information on boundary changes across districts will facilitate the construction of district-level panel data sets, this article provides data on the composition of all Indian districts over the 1971-2001 period that can enable the construction of district panels.

Impact of the Reforms on Manufacturing Enterprises in the Delhi Region

The findings of a small sample survey of manufacturing enterprises in the Delhi region regarding perceptions of the impact of the economic reforms of 1990s show that most firms felt that the reforms helped them by increasing access to foreign technology and making imports of capital and intermediate goods cheaper.

Ganga at Varanasi: Lessons from Environmental Abuse

The Ganga continues to be threatened by environmentally unsustainable development projects, of which the Ganga Expressway is the most recent example. But the campaign to save the Ganga is seemingly caught in recrimination and bad governance.

An Assessment of UPA-I through a Gender Budgeting Lens

This article evaluates the United Progressive Alliance government's budgets over the past five years through the lens of gender - both from reviewing the gender budgeting statements in union budgets since 2005-06 and assessing the allocations to major programmes and schemes across various sectors that affect women. First, although the gender budgeting statements still suffer from flaws in methodology, it is clear that women are accorded low priority in government spending on development. Second, the creation of an independent Ministry of Women and Child Development has not resulted in any significant change in priorities for women. Third, a whopping 42% decline in allocations for schemes meant for women's welfare under the MWCD in the union budget 2009-10 puts a big question mark on how serious the UPA is in its stated commitment to women's empowerment.

Public-Private Partnerships in India: A Case for Reform?

The public-private partnership model has emerged as the favoured model of project execution in India, especially in infrastructure, health and education. This article traces the theoretical underpinnings of PPP under a neoliberal, marketdriven and growth-oriented state. It describes the economic imperatives for public and private resource management and the case for PPP. It critically looks at the ramifications of this paradigm of economic growth and development, which has had limited success with certain projects, but has opened up issues relating to asymmetry of access, equity and efficiency and evidence of further marginalisation of the poor.

Relevance of Ideology Today

We have been told on two occasions over the last 50 years that the "age of ideology" or the "age of history" has come to an end. While both these debates were met with a great deal of scepticism, it was nevertheless felt that contemporary ideological debate would centre around questions of identity and ethnicity and not on the role of government in the economy. The current global economic crisis has brought ideological debates back to the forefront. It has revived ideological debates on the role of government in the economy and demonstrated that ideology will continue to play a central role in economic and political life.

Should the Air India Maharaja Be Awarded His Privy Purse?

There has been little informed debate on the future of the National Aviation Company of India, better known as Air India, which is currently fighting for its future. Easy and dismissive suggestions like privatisation or closure have been advocated with little understanding of the facts on the ground. This article attempts to measure the changes in productivity at the troubled airline and compares its performance with that of the private airlines. There is no question that Air India has been doing poorly, but with a new fleet and rationalisation of costs, it is possible to be optimistic about the future of the airline. India needs a thriving Air India to provide competition to airlines that are growing by mergers and consolidation.

Issues in State Finances

This review of State Finances: A Study of Budgets of 2008-09, published by the Reserve Bank of India, focuses on the fiscal performance of the states. An attempt is made to fill the gaps in the RBI's assessment of state finances. In addition, some issues before the Thirteenth Finance Commission, the report of which is due in the later part of the year, are highlighted.

A Class Analysis of the 'Bihari Menace'

Migrants from Bihar are accused of taking over urban areas and jobs, most recently in Mumbai. Bihar has come to represent a cultural symbol of backwardness, "dirtyness" and trouble, which is almost impervious to "development". This article attempts to understand the class and caste locations of these prejudices and analyses the reasons why Bihar and Biharis are the target of such singular chauvinism.

Manual Scavenging As Social Exclusion: A Case Study

This note deals with the problem of manual scavenging in India as a form of caste and occupationbased social exclusion. It tries to explore the causes and reasons for the continuance of this social evil in India with a case study of Ghazipur district in eastern Uttar Pradesh.

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