ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Saffronisation of the Holy Cow: Unearthing Silent Communalism

The principles of environmentality are employed in this study to look at how law, science and policy can mould environmental subjectivities of people to conflicting ends. The study locates the environment and animalrights debate within the complex of underlying exclusivist Hindu nationalist philosophy. This case study of Karnataka Prevention of Slaughter and Protection of Cattle Bill 2010, which is considered a direct attack on the dietary practices of the minorities, is an extension of the critiques of religious-environmentalism and showcases the machinations of a fundamentalist metanarrative that obscures environmental thought. This silent form of communalism tends to go unnoticed when couched in scientific or politically correct language.

Understanding Gender Equality in the Software Industry of Kerala through the Capability Approach

An analysis of the issue of gender equality in the information technology industry in Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram using the framework of Amartya Sen's capability approach indicates that the development of the information technology sector in Kerala is bringing about a gradual gendering of engineering education in the state as well as of software employment. However a deeper analysis reveals a clear process of exclusion in career progression.

Rationalising Dispossession: The Land Acquisition and Resettlement Bills

The rapidly expanding demand for land under India's neoliberal regime has been confronted with a relatively inelastic supply. Farmers and other landholders are unwilling to relinquish their means of production to capitalists. This has led to a proliferation of pitched battles across India against all kinds of land acquisition. The Land Acquisition (Amendment) Bill (2009) and Resettlement and Rehabilitation Bill (2009) therefore need to be examined carefully. The proposed amendments to the Land Acquisition Act will only facilitate the State's new role as the land broker-in-chief. The Resettlement and Rehabilitation Bill will help the Land Acquisition Bill in "rationalising" dispossession by ensuring a more secure and predictable corporate access to land.

Patterns of Rural Mechanisation, Energy and Employment in South Asia: Reopening the Debate

During the 1970s, major policy debates on the role of mechanisation in agricultural and rural development in south Asia took place; by the early 1990s, such debates had largely faded. Yet today, countries such as Bangladesh possess some of the most productive, mechanised and labour-intensive agricultural industries in south Asia. This paper reopens these debates in the light of: (1) the highly diverse patterns of rural mechanisation that have taken place in Bangladesh, India and Nepal since the 1980s; (2) current renewed interest in rural employment and rural economic growth; and (3) changes in global trade patterns.

'Gaylords' of Bollywood: Politics of Desire in Hindi Cinema

Two mainstream Hindi films in 2008, Dostana and Straight, had a gay main plot which was quite unprecedented in Bollywood. Through a close analysis of the way these two films engage with homosexuality and its representations, and by a discussion of the history of gay themes in Hindi popular cinema, this article tries to argue that while mainstream films are now able to foreground homosexual desire, they do this through an erasure of the female. This then lends itself to a patriarchal coding and leaves little s

'Inclusive Development' and the Quintile Income Statistic

The rhetoric of "inclusive development" tends often to be lost in vague generalities, when it is not altogether absent in various processes on the ground or in state policy that claims to be inspired by its demands. This note suggests that in at least one specific and restricted area of application - the intersection of poverty, inequality and growth - it should be possible to capture some elementary aspect of inclusiveness by monitoring trends, set against targets, of the "quintile income" statistic. This statistic, which was proposed in earlier work by Kaushik Basu, is a simple and useful aid to verifying the reach of inclusiveness in a specific dimension of development, a theme that is elaborated on in this note.

On Some Foundational Issues in the Theory of Money

A precondition for the emergence of involuntary unemployment is the fact that substantial labour reserves already exist that make at least a segment of workers price-takers. Not only is "full employment" of all the workers whom capital employs impossible, but a capitalist monetary economy cannot function without such substantial labour reserves as make at least a segment of workers price-takers.

Labour Migration in Mahabubnagar: Nature and Characteristics

This study focuses on the nature and characteristics of seasonal labour migration in the Mahabubnagar district of Andhra Pradesh. It evaluates the forms/ types of migration and analyses the migrants' wage rates, working conditions and the expenditure patterns. It reveals that migration from the study village is essentially seasonal and cyclical in nature and differs for the rural and the urban emigrants. It also fi nds that migration takes place mainly for survival and repayment of debts, and that a large proportion of their earnings from migration is utilised for day to day expenses.

Declining Number of Slums: Nature of Urban Growth

The population living in urban slums grew more slowly than the overall urban population between 1991 and 2001, suggesting an exclusionary nature of urban growth. This was also revealed in the form of massive slum evictions and a low incidence of rural-urban and urban-urban migration among classes with low monthly per capita consumption expenditure.

A Note on Demand Draft Charges Levied by Banks

This article studies the service charges levied by banks on demand drafts. Though the Reserve Bank of India advocated a reasonable level of service charges for demand drafts as early as February 2007, it did not prescribe any explicit thresholds or measures of "reasonability". It proposes a rationalisation of such fees by looking into the demand draft charges of 37 select banks comprising 89% of the network of bank branches in India. The analysis carried out here has an underlying premise that competitive market pricing is required to safeguard consumer interest, and if the market fails to have a pricing structure which is competitive, it becomes imperative to take recourse to public policy to protect consumer interest.

Three Years of the BSP Three Years of the BSP

How did the Bahujan Samaj Party government in Uttar Pradesh fare in its first three years in office? An assessment of outlays and outcomes in the social sector: health, education, housing, employment and social security.


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