ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Neighbourhood-scale Residential Segregation in Indian Metros

Residential segregation studies in Indian cities have relied on ward-level data. For a typical ward, the neighbourhood–ward dissimilarity index is greater than the ward–city dissimilarity index. Using 2011 enumeration block-level census data for five major cities in India—Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi, Kolkata, and Mumbai—it is shown how patterns of caste-based urban residential segregation operate in contemporary India. The first visual snapshot of caste-based residential segregation in an Indian city is presented using geo-referenced enumeration block-level data for Bengaluru.

Agrarian Potential of In-Situ Water Harvesting

Despite substantial government expenditure on major and medium irrigation systems, Indian agriculture continues being predominantly rain-fed. But increasing private interventions for water control, such as farm ponds, mark the emerging importance of in-situ irrigation systems for India’s agrarian dynamism. A case study of farm ponds in Jharkhand finds the contribution of these in increasing the agrarian surplus through yield enhancement, crop diversification and crop intensification. However, the financial viability of such a system is scale dependent with farm ponds of only a certain size generating high benefit-cost ratio and internal rate of return.

Alarming Rise of Caesarean Section Deliveries

The phenomenal increase in institutional births in India has been accompanied by a disturbing rise in caesarean section deliveries. The prevalence of, reasons for, and consequences of c-section deliveries in the town of Kulgam in Jammu and Kashmir are studied. The findings not only reveal an alarmingly high prevalence of c-section deliveries in the town, but also that these deliveries are being largely performed without medical indications, adversely affecting the health of women. In order to monitor and control c-section deliveries in the country, immediate policy interventions are required.

Investment and Growth

The simplicity of the Harrod–Domar model of growth, which is at the heart of most planning and growth models that exist today, has enabled a significant widening of the range of participants in debates surrounding the needs and prospects of growth in developing countries. Three of the more obvious oversimplifications of the Harrod–Domar model are identified and discussed, and reasonably simple correctives are provided which can be applied even by laypersons to alter their initial assessments and arrive at more realistic and technically justifiable conclusions.

Caste Crimes and the Law in Uttar Pradesh

Over the years, caste crimes in Uttar Pradesh have risen to disturbingly high levels. In order to make arrangements for the protection of lower-caste groups from caste oppression, understanding the linkages between sociopolitical conditions and the implementation of laws in the state is a must. Evidence suggests that the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act has not been implemented in its letter and spirit because of sociopolitical compulsions of political parties and constant reviews of the scope of the act.

Rural Employment Scenario in North East India

Agrarian distress and rural unemployment have always been concerns in India. After the 1991 reforms, the government made inclusive growth the theme of development and undertook policy initiatives to boost rural employment. One such initiative, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005, aims to provide landless labourers and marginal farmers work in the lean season and, thus, income. It seems to have succeeded, although it has not created new jobs in general.

Understanding Deprivation and Well-being of Households with Children

The composite multiple deprivation index of households with and without children is estimated based on the India Human Development Survey data for 2011–12. The study uses both household- and individual-level dimensions such as shelter, sanitation, water, education, food, health and information. The bivariate logit model is used to find out the factors responsible for the deprivation of the households with children.

Employment Scenario and the Reservation Policy

In its haste to placate the growing resentment amongst the unemployed youth, the Indian government has come up with an ill-informed and loose definition of who constitutes the “economically weak.” Some of the major arguments that have been levied against the 124th amendment to the Constitution are empirically substantiated in the light of the current state of employment generation, particularly in the public sector, as well as the performance of the state with respect to fulfilling the existing reservation policy.

Criminalisation of Bengali Muslims after the 2008 Jaipur Bomb Blasts

The lives of Bengali Muslims in a slum in Jaipur changed overnight after the bomb blasts of 2008. Through narratives gathered from the field, how the criminalisation and dehumanisation of a community was made possible is shown.

Diaspora Philanthropy and Development in Rural Punjab

The level of diaspora philanthropy and its role in socio-economic development in rural Punjab is analysed using primary data from 24 selected villages. The findings reveal that while cumulatively, diaspora philanthropy is important for socio-economic development in the selected villages in Punjab, the philanthropic donations and their impacts were not equally distributed among them.

Social Expenditure and Human Development in Gujarat

The relative position of Gujarat on economic and human development indicators for 10 years from 2004–05 is examined. The state government’s priorities for human development in terms of budgetary allocation to the social sector in general, and education and health sectors in particular over a 10-year period are compared using expenditure ratios and per capita social sector expenditure.

Towards Building an Ecological Civilisation

There is a need to contemplate and work towards building an ecological civilisation that would outline the ways of living in harmony with nature. Dialogue and a belief in collective good mark the culture of bahudha , an approach that celebrates diversity and harmonious living.

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