ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
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Real Wages and Productivity in Industry-A Disaggregated Analysis

This paper examines the behaviour of real wages, productivity and the share of wages in the value of output and value added in industries such as the sugar, cotton textile, paper and paper products, petroleum refining, cement, leather, iron and steel and coal mining over the period 1967-84, IN an earlier paper [EPW, October 29, 1988] we tried to examine the behaviour of real wages, productivity, and the share of wages in the value of output and value added by manufacture (VAM) in the factory sector of Indian industry over the period 1961 to 1983. We also compared the real wage series with the series of per capita national income at constant prices over the same period. In the present paper we try to make a similar examination of real wages and productivity for some major industries and explore some other aspects. The industries we have taken for study are (i) sugar, (ii) cotton textile, (iii) paper and paper products, (iv) petroleum refining, (v) cement, (vi) leather, (vii) iron and steel and (viii) coal mining. The data are taken from several sources such as the various issues of Annual Survey of Industries (ASI), Monthly Abstract of Statistics (MAS), Hand-Book of Labour Statistics and so on. The period covered is 1967 to 1984 except for coal mining for which data for a much longer time series, 1960 to 1985 was readily available.

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