ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
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Working Class Protest in 19th Century India-Example of Railway Workers

Nineteenth century India was rich in collective action by the working class. These actions took many forms: forms that were not primitive precursors of 20th century unionism but which did, on occasion, include formally organised unions. Often these actions were planned, complex and effective responses to job-related oppression and exploitation as well as to opportunities perceived by the workers to contain beneficial possibilities.

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