ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

A+| A| A-

Patterns of Marriage Dissolution in India

Regional, Socio-economic, and Religious Trends

Data from the Census and District Level Household Survey-3 (2007–08) are used in this paper. The factors of marriage dissolution in India and its regions are investigated using multivariate hazard analysis. The results show that dissolution rates are higher in North-east, South, and West India than in other regions. The risk of marriage dissolution is twice as high for women in urban areas than rural, and higher among the poor than the non-poor, and among the childless than among women with at least one child.

The authors thank the anonymous reviewers for their constructive suggestions and comments on this manuscript.

In most developing societies, birth occurs almost exclusively in wedlock, and marriage is one of the most important demographic processes (Bhagat 2002). In Indian society, marriage is considered a sacred, social event (Hosein 2002). Socio-economic development and improvement in education over the past four decades have caused changes in the attitude towards marriage; a dramatic increase in age at marriage of both sexes; and an increase in the number of free choice marriages, inter-caste marriages, divorces, and separations (DSouza 1972; Kadi 1987; Singh 1992; Nayab 2009; Jones 2010).

Divorce has long been dissuaded in India, but its incidence has risen since the 1970s. According to the Census 2011 data, around 2.5 million women1% of all ever-married women aged 1549are either divorced or separated (Census of India 2011). Only a few studies examine multiple correlates of rare events such as divorce on the basis of micro-level judicial data on divorce cases (Singh 1992; Rao and Sekhar 2002; Thakur 2009), likely because such data are scarce.

Dear Reader,

To continue reading, become a subscriber.

Explore our attractive subscription offers.

Click here


To gain instant access to this article (download).

INR 236

(Readers in India)

$ 12

(Readers outside India)

Published On : 20th Jan, 2024

Support Us

Your Support will ensure EPW’s financial viability and sustainability.

The EPW produces independent and public-spirited scholarship and analyses of contemporary affairs every week. EPW is one of the few publications that keep alive the spirit of intellectual inquiry in the Indian media.

Often described as a publication with a “social conscience,” EPW has never shied away from taking strong editorial positions. Our publication is free from political pressure, or commercial interests. Our editorial independence is our pride.

We rely on your support to continue the endeavour of highlighting the challenges faced by the disadvantaged, writings from the margins, and scholarship on the most pertinent issues that concern contemporary Indian society.

Every contribution is valuable for our future.