ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Nepal: Towards a Democratic RepublicSubscribe to Nepal: Towards a Democratic Republic

Caste, Ethnicity and Inequality in Nepal

Nepal faces the danger of an all-out ethnic war breaking out in the Tarai between madhesis and parbatiyas. But, in most of the country there are so many complex and crosscutting ethnic allegiances which make a Sri Lankan-type polarisation unlikely. In the eastern Tarai, however, with its 30 per cent population of parbatiyas, there is a very real possibility that "two majorities with minority complexes" could confront each other in bloody vendettas.

The Nepali Revolution and International Relations

Following the June 1, 2001 murder of king Birendra and the royal family, the US intervened militarily in Nepal. At first India closely coordinated with the US strategy for the military defeat of the Maoist-led People's War in Nepal, and China acquiesced. But starting in the spring of 2004 both India and China came to reject the US anathema of the Nepali Maoists as "terrorists" and accept them as legitimate actors on the international stage. With the "12-point agreement" in November 2005, the success of the April 2006 urban insurrection, the comprehensive peace agreement in the fall of 2006, and the Maoists entering the government in early April 2007, US intervention in Nepal has, for the time, been thwarted.

Legitimacy Crisis of Nepali Monarchy

The Nepali monarchy has always used Hinduism and the army to exercise control. Now, with all political parties coming together to remove the army from control by the palace, the monarchy's future seems in doubt.

People's War in Nepal: Genesis and Development

The overthrow of the autocratic party-less panchayat system in Nepal in 1990 was an advance, but what followed was a completely degenerate form of parliamentary politics. In the background of these developments, the political path of a protracted armed struggle as the route to a "new democratic revolution" took shape and was launched by the Maoists in February 1996. This article traces the genesis and development of the "People's War" in Nepal, focusing on elements of continuity in the salient features of the strategy of the PW.
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