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Andhra s Quiet

But these views were ignored by Parliament, probably because it was convinced about the wisdom of the step being taken. But it is now a proven fact that the ushering in of the State of Nagaland neither solved the Naga problem nor strength - ened the hands of the integralists. The creation of the State of Nagaland became a source of inspiration for other movements of tribal separatism, both extant and in the offing.

Sundarayya in Kerala

 his last Statement to shareholders, S L Kirloskar, Chairman of the Bank of Maharashtra, was complaining about the requirement regarding opening of branches! Banks' lending to small-scale industries is meagre (the major lender being the State Bank). As at March-end 1966, such lending was about Rs 90 crores, against about Rs 1,300 crores to industry as a whole and Rs 500 crores to commerce. And this despite the existence of a guarantee scheme to encourage such lending. And banks have not made any headway in financing agriculture at all, the figure at the end of March 1966 being less than Rs 5 crores. The Rural Credit Survey had found that out of a total credit of Rs 700 crores banks provided less than one per cent to agriculture in the early fifties: a re- survey in the early sixties showed no improvement in the position. In short the banks' philosophy in the last fifteen years has been "business as usual".

D M K s Direction

 ly moneylender to whom Shakespeare gave form and substance as Shylock. And it is likely that in the Middle East context, the Israeli

Cross Currents in Kerala

Cross Currents in Kerala FOR KERALA a non-Congress democratic Government is no novelty. What is new is the comparative stability inside the State compared to the time of troubles in 1957-59. At that time the Communists and their close sympathisers formed the Government on the basis of a minority vote and in conditions of tense polarisation. In India as a whole it was alone, and the Congress had Nehru as its talisman and superb tactician. And the incomplete political articulation of the social thrust that had brought the Ministry into being gave the central Congress leadership just the opportunity for intervention that they wanted. Indeed, for those who were involved in the events of those days, the atmosphere being worked up in West Bengal today is familiar enough. The whole idea was to give the new Ministry no respite, to unite all the fears, prejudices and vested interests available, to use every false step or adventuristic action of the Ministry and the ruling party, to compel it to face the dilemma of either shooting down a comparatively large number of the common people or witnessing the breakdown of administration and, finally, to push and cajole the administrative apparatus to a state of rebellion.

Rumblings in Andhra

 be immune. It is possible that New Delhi still hopes for a country again under the Congress umbrella and would be glad to see the non- Congress governments collapse. It is too early to say that Chavan's effort at the meeting of the eastern zonal council was in the nature of a reconnaissance mission in behalf of that aim; but the Centre has done too little so far to set all doubts at rest on this score.

Things Are Moving in Kerala

 fit. Why cannot the not-so-successful doctors get together, pool their meagre resources, or borrow the money, and run middle-class nursing homes for the middle class? The answer, one supposes, is the same as that to a thousand other questions in Bengal today: lack of enterprise and capital. Many factors LETTER FROM SOUTH have contributed to the continuing decay of the Bengali middle class, which once produced the finest Bengalis; but the Bengali middle class itself has done not much to help itself. The cost of illness in Calcutta today is only a symptom of the city's deeper, perhaps incurable illness.

Even Mysore Is Not Safe for Congress

Even Mysore Is Not Safe for Congress MYSORE is now considered as one of the safest States for the Congress in the South and throughout India. While in Kerala and Tamilnad there has been a clean sweep against the former ruling party, in Andhra the powerful communist opposition shows signs of gearing itself to combine against the rather shakily- perched Congress. But Nijalingappa, it would appear, is sitting pretty.

What is EMS to Do?

Kerala's desperately difficult food situation poses a challenge to the clearly-defined Left non-Congress Government in India. The rebuff EMS Namboodiripad received from Brahmananda Reddy, despite assurances to the contrary picked up from New Delhi, shows the partisanship his Ministry is up against.

Andhra s Sorrow

ECONOMlC AND POLITICAL WEEKLY That this is possible can scarcely be doubted by anyone with some knowledge of the Bengali countryside where acres upon acres of land lie uncultivated. The new ministry has popular enthusiasm behind it all right; it is not, however, easy to put it into use. Far more difficult may be to gear the administration up to a level of responsive efficiency.


nature of office in the State today; problems have reached a stage at which nobody can really achieve anything in a hurry with the best will in the world. It is amazing still how much can be done with only a little honesty. If the new Ministers do not immediately have to think of the next election, funds therefor, they will be able to bring about tremendous changes in prices of the things the people need. The choice of Ajoy Mukherjee as leader by the C P I (M), in spite of its greater numerical strength, inspires the hope that issues may be held higher than individuals, if only in deference to the popular mood which is fiercely anti-Congress but only partially enamoured of an Opposition that cannot get on and pulls in different directions even when the Congress is in the doldrums.


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